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VOL, 20 JANUARY, 1973 NO. 1 

"Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain 
from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul." 1 Peter 2:11 

Lot on a narrow neck of land, 
'Twixt two unbounded seas I stand; 

Yet how insensible I 
A point of time, a moment's space, 
Removes me to yon heavenly place, 

Or shuts me up in hell. 

God, my inmost soul convert, 
And deeply on my thoughtless heart 

Eternal things impress; 
Give me to feel their solemn weight, 
And save me, ere it be too late: 

Wake me to righteousness. 

Before me place, in bright array. 
The pomp of that tremendous day. 

When Thou with clouds shalt come 
To judge the nations at Thy bar; 
And tell me, Lord, shall I be there, 

To meet a joyful doom? 

Be this my one great business here, 
With holy trembling, holy fear, 

To make my calling sure; 
Thine utmost counsel to fulfill, 
And suffer all Thy .righteous will 

And to the end endure. 

— Charles Wesley 

THE PILGRIM is a religious magazine published in the interests of the 
members of the Old Brethren Church. Subscription rate: $2.00 per year. Sample copies sent free 
on request. Publishing Editor: Leslie Cover; Consulting Editor: Daniel F Wolf 


As we are again beginning a new year we become more 
conscious of time and what it really is. When we look 
back time seems to be going rapidly and when we look 
forward it seems to be going slow. But it doesn't make 
any difference if it r s going fast or slow. What does 
matter is how we are using the time. 

Psalmist David says, "Lord, make me to know mine 
end, and the measure of my days, what it is; that I 
may know how frail- 1 am. 1 ' He also says, "So teach us 
to number our days that we may apply our hearts unto 

David isn T t trying to have God tell us exactly how 
many days we "are to live, but we believe he is trying 
to tell us and make us aware that we have but a few 
days to settle our accounts — that we don't have one 
hour to waste. He is also trying to make us aware of 
the preciousness of time. Make us aware, Lord, of our 
short life that we may use all of it to Thy glory. 

Job was aware of man's short life for he says, "Man 
that is born of a woman is of few days and full of 
trouble." He says, too, "Life is swifter than a 
weaver' s shuttle . " 

James tells us, "Ye know not what shall be on the 
morrow, for what is your life? It is even a vapor that 
appeareth for a little time and then vanisheth away." 

Time is that little space between birth and death. 
It may be one hour, and it may be threescore and ten 
or fourscore years, or longer, but at the longest it's 
only very, very short compared to eternity . 

Life is short, but it is sufficient for what we are 
here for. None of us can ever accuse God for not 
giving us enough time. 

Life is the time to serve the Lord, 
The time t 1 insure the great reward* 


And while the lamp holds out to burn 
The vilest sinner may return. 

We have two alternatives before us* How we spend 
our time determines how we'll spend eternity. 

— Kenneth Martin 
Nappanee, Indiana 


The round of time rings out anew,. 
Another year is here. 
And as the seasons come and go, 
We have the message clear: 
The round of time of going on, 
Swift racing on our way. 
Tomorrow here and soon is gone; 
Light, darkness, day by day. 
The marking of our time is set 
By God Who rules on High, 
Our daily course of life is let 
As swift the moments fly. 

We cannot change this course to run, 

Beginning end to see, 

Until the last departing sun, 

We face eternity. 

But how we live means to us more 

Than time upon this earth. 

To reach at last safe harbor shore 

Is of the highest worth. 

The highway of true holiness 

As planned by God Divine; 

Sent by His Son our life to bless 

And in His image shine. 

No unclean evil man of sin 

Upon this way is found; 

But those who follow Christ can win 

And move to higher ground. 



Move to the region of the blest , 
Of pilgrims on the road; 
Seeking for overcoming rest.; 
Easing the. heavy load. 

Tis heaven l s joy to travel so, 

In sweet communion live; 

For as the seasons come and go, 

To God their service give. 

For leading by the pillar light, 

As on He gently leads; 

The fiery pillar cloud by night 

Inciting holy deeds. 

The way of life, the way of truth, 

The holy road leads on; 

Room there for all of age and youth 

To seek the glorious dawn. 

The sun shines free and warms the earth, 

Life giving unto all; 

His blessings are of greatest worth 

Upon the great and small. 

So with the sunshine of His Grace, 

He warms each loving heart 

To grow and build in time and place 

By graceful loving art. 

And as the seasons run their way 

Of planting reaping change, 

We know that time we cannot change, 

We view the seasons 1 range. 

We look to God to keep us on 

Our course of coming goal; 

Soon may our time and life be gone, 

Near reaping of the soul. 

The round of time comes to a change. 

When wickedness will cease, 

For all the lands of every range 

Will have a time of peace. 

Look up, o pilgrims in the vale, 

Delivering season nears; 


When comes the furling of the sail 

To reign a thousand years. 

Soon comes the raising of the dead; 

The righteous upward fly; 

News of the coming Kingdom spread 

As &ngels fill the sky. 

News that the prince of evil bound 

During this reign of peace; 

And all that live above the ground 

Enjoy the great release. 

Together may we travel by 

The light of God's own way. 

That when time ! s round shines in the sky 

We view the livelong day. 

No storms our pathway cannot hide 

When God is keeping near; 

Tempestuous days we can outride; 

We have no need to fear. 

Take courage, though the way be hard, 

Though dangers cross the road; 

Tis but our time to be on guard; 

Help others bear the load. 

And you who in the morning bright 

Start on the narrow way; 

Your time has come to stand for right; 

For strength and mercy pray. 

Give your best time unto the Lord, 

He leads you — follow on; 

Revere and love His sacred word, 

Be true till day has gone. 

For though dark river flowing fast, 
We near the sunset shore; 
We shall have victory at last . 
To meet to part no more. 

The round of time shall be no more 
When earth shall pass away; 
New heaven and earth be kept in store 
Till that eternal day. * ~~J* I« Cover 

Sonora, California 



He cut In on me in passing, I was doing about fifty . 
A miss of several inches in a half second and he was 
ahead and away. 

Praise the Lord I Not for me this time the crash , the 
siren T s wail and a ride in an ambulance to morgue or 

Precious Guide! Blessed Guide I 
Without Thee we dare not ride. 

Many of the fathers of the last century feared the 
change that brought speed and its possibilities to a 
race of lost men. Knowing well the fallen nature of 
man, they sensed and foretold the dangers of a world 
geared to high speed. Accidents were deplored in those 
•lays. Many people seldom went more than a few miles 
from home. 

Speed has done much to us. We calmly do 50-60 or 
more while busily planning on what tc do when we n get 
there", Miles relate to minutes in today r s talk. Ba- 
bies are zoomed to the hospitals for birth and corpses 
rped to the graveyard for burial. Air pilots point out 
the long lines of tortuous highway traffic beneath. Our 
overcrowded wonderspots lose their charm and beauty. 
Long lines of railroad auto carriers mean more cars pi- 
ling up behind the slow driver. Children sick of it all 
beg to stay home. Youth questions the reasons and pur- 
pose for life itself. 

What are we getting out of it? And what of the fu- 
ture? Depleted natural resources? Oil slick and dead 
fish? Polluted oceans, streams and air too? Higher 
x.axes for man's "inch" id space? More incinerated as- 
tronauts? Is this the dilemma to which we are hurrying? 

But speed can mean a far different thing to the 
Christian whose times are in the Lord's hands. 

Lot in fleeing from wicked Sodom was told, M Haste and 
look not back.' 1 "Haste to depart from evil," said the 
wise man. "Flee youthful lusts." Speed away as Joseph 
did from evil. Over and over we are warned to make a 
fast and clean break with sin. 

However, a Christian is not to be thought of as some- 
one devoted to. running away from things. Our Lord has 


given us a task to perform. To us is committed a min- 
istry of reconciliation of lost sinners to Christ. 
Multitudes about us are speeding to a devil 1 s hell. 
Only the gospel of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ 
can save their souls. As a fireman to the blaze, or 
the life boat to the sinking ship, we must haste to the 
need of the lost and the dying. This is not an occa- 
sional emergency. This is an every day and night need. 

"The word of God is quick and- powerful,, sharper than 
any two edged sword/ 1 It is only as we are diligent 
in using it that we can expect results in souls won for 

Christians in Paul's day wished each other good 
speed in their daily ministries and living for Christ. 
On land or sea their speed was seldom faster than a 
walk. And yet untold thousands of miles were covered 
in the spread of the Gospel. In this ministry many 
became Christ's pilgrims with no homes of their own. 

God only knows how much effort it has taken to bring 
the life giving Gospel down through the centuries to 
us, or the price paid in blood and tears, of sweat and 
exhaustion and lives freely given in service to Christ 
that others might drink from this well of Salvation. 

It is now our turn to minister its truth to the neec^r 
lost souls about us. Ours also to pass this torch of 
light to youthful hands for further spread and the nur- 
ture of those of tender years. We too must imitate our 
blessed Lord who came to seek and save the lost. They 
are all about us. 

Good speed, my brother and sister in this marvelous 
ministry. — James D. Cover 

Modesto, Califo rnia 

Sunshine and shadow have mingled, 

In the year that has passed away. 

Sunshine and shadow will mingle, 

In -the year I meet today. 

But hand In hand with my Maker 

I fear not what It will be, 

He knows. He cares, and He loves me, 

And God is in everything that be. 

By Florence Jones. Selected by Elsie Wolf 



There is a saying, "First things first/' and this 
is right. Most important things should have first 
priorty. We are people who claim to be children of 
God, and it is only right that our first and foremost 
allegiance should be to our Heavenly Father. We belong 
to Him; He has created us and then redeemed us at Cal- 
vary when we fell away from Him by our sins. 

Under the old law the firstfruits of the field and 
the firstlings of the flock were to be offered to the 
Lord. Even the first born of each family was consid- 
ered special and belonged to God. This was because 
God saved Israel' s firstborn when He slew those in 
Egypt. In Numbers 3:13 God says, "Because all the 
firstborn are mine; for on the day that I smote -all 
the firstborn in Israel, both man and beast: mine shall 
they be: I am the Lord. 11 ' God took the Levites in place 
of the firstborn for His special servants. But still 
the firstborn of each family had to be redeemed, the 
firstborn of the clean beasts had to be sacrificed, 
and the firstborn of the unclean beasts (such as asses) 
had to be slain or redeemed with a lamb. 

God required this of His people not because Ho 
needed the sacrifices but as a reminder and perpetual 
symbol of their deliverance from Egypt, that they be- 
longed to God, and that they were to give Him their 
first and best service. 

The widow of Zarephath in I Kings 1? had only a 
handful of meal and a little oil for food for her and 
her son. But when Elijah came to her and knew her need, 
he asked her to make a little cake for him first » The 
widow did this and was blessed with a bountiful supply 
of meal and oil that did not fail till God sent rain 
and relieved the famine. 

To offer the first and best to God is an act of 
faith and trust. ■ It means we trust Him to supply 
more for our own needs. And when we do give Him our 
best service and our first allegiance, we can be sure 
He will supply all our needs. 


Worshipping on the Lord's Day (first day of the 
week) and in the morning of each day shows this same 
service of offering the first and best. So does giving 
our lives to the Lord early in youth so God can have 
our whole life. May we have this kind of offering in 
mind as we start this new year. Let God have our 
first and best. He will not be satisfied with left- 
over moments and half-hearted service. He wants our 
hearts, our best, our first devotion. — L.C. 

Give of your best to the Master; 

Give of the strength of your youth; 
Throw your soul's fresh, glowing ardor 

Into the battle for truth. 
Jesus has set the example; 

Dauntless was He, young and brave; 
Give Kim your loyal devotion, 

Give Him the best that you have. 

Give of your best to the Master; 

Give Him first place in your heart; 
Give Him first place in your service; 

Consecrate every part. 
Give, and to you shall be, given; 

God His beloved Son gave; 
Gratefully seeking to serve Him, 

Give Him the best that you have. 

Give of your best to the Master; 

Naught else is worthy His love; 
He gave Himself for your ransom; 

Gave up His glory above; 
Laid down His life without murmur, 

.You from sin's ruin to save; 
Give Him your heart's adoration, 

Give Him the best that you have. 

Give of your best to the Master; 
Give of the strength of your youth; 
Clad in salvation 1 s full armor, 
Join in the battle for truth. 

— Selected 



The gate is the avenue of entrance. With the coming 
of New Year, we enter the new year of 1973. In our 
passing through this period of time, this year will be 
our home for one year. Then at the close of the year 
we will take our leave (if not before)'. 

This year of time is a gift from the Lord, just as 
our souls are given us of God, There is no escape from 
the opportunities and responsibilities which crowd 
around us. 

When we move from one house to another, it is us- 
ually with mingled emotions that we pass through the 
gate of the old home. Usually there is little time to 
meditate. But in passing through the gate we do like 
to take one long last look at the familiar scene. And 
with serious thoughts and memories we hasten on. 

As we enter the gate of the new home, we wonder what 
is ahead. With anxious anticipation we survey the new 
house and landscape, Then x^re enter our new home hope- 
fully and joyfully. 

A house is only a building* It becomes a home to us 
when it is lived in. Just what kind of home it is de- 
pends on the type and kind of living therein. Deep 
within our hearts, as we find a few moments to meditate 
inside our -new home, is a longing and a prayer that 
deep joys and pleasures may abound. Whether the house 
is new or old is of little consequence: what matters 
most is whether there are new hearts and lives living 
within. Love, kindness and righteousness will make the 
days bright and long to be remembered. 

We enter the gate of our friends 1 home. We look 
forward to meeting them and enquiring of their welfare. 
We share life's experiences with them, and soon it is 
time to leave. 

The gate of the year. We enter but once, and pass 
through but once. What is our purpose and aim? What 
is uppermost in our minds as we enter? There are many 
questions we ought to ask ourselves. There are many 
decisions we should make in our souls. Will we purpose 


to serve God and His cause more faithfully? Will we 
resolve that this year shall fulfill its design and 

Now is the ti me for serious thinking and delibera- 
tion. If you do not do so now as you enter the gate, 
when will you? If you think seriously now concerning 
this life (and faithfully follow the Lord in all 
things) , you will be permitted to enter that ever- 
.lasting life through those gates of pearl, into that 
shining city* 

By James Siegrist In The Pearl of Great Price . 


January is the month when most of the Pilgrim sub- 
scriptions are due for renewal. In the past we have 
sent out renewal notices to each one. In 1972 we start- 
ed mailing under a non-profit bulk mailing permit. 
This gives us a cheaper rate but there are more require- 
ments to meet. Each piece of mail must weigh exactly 
the same, must be the same size and shape, etc. So we 
will not be Inserting renewal notices as the subscrip- 
tions become due. Instead we ask each one to notice 
the expiration date which follows your name on the 
pilgrim envelope. At that date your subscription is 
due for renewal at the rate of $2.00 per year. If we 
make mistakes on these dates or if you have questions, 
please write and let us know. Cur thanks go to our 
subscribers and to all who have helped in the publica- 
tion of this paper. Especially we thank Dorothy Moore 
for her valuable help on the typing. 

Also, we would like- to revive our "Question and 
Answer" page. If you- ha-ve questions on Bible topics, 
please send them and Brother Dan Wolf has agreed again 
to answer thenu If there are no questions for the month 
perhaps we will print one and invite readers to comment 
on it, — L.C. 

MARTIN - Twin sons, Matthew Lynn' -and Andrew Lee born 
to Kenneth and Lois Martin of Nappanee, Ind. Dec. 29. 




By D. L. Miller —1884 

Entering the sacred precincts of the temple area by 
r*ne of the western gateways, we find ourselves on a 
level platform, the dimensions of which we have given, 
containing about thirty-five acres. Nearly in the cen- 
ter of this area, on an irregular platform ten feet 
iigh, stands the Mosque of Omar, or Dome of the Rock, 
*aid to have been built by the Caliph Omar, whose name 
it bears. • . 

Our readers will bear in mind that this is a second 
platform raised above the first, and it Is generally 
relieved that on this upper platform, where now stands 
she Turkish mosque, once stood, in all its magnificence 
and glory, the Jewish temple. This upper platform is 
i^aved with slabs of marble and is holy ground, and hence 
■■he Moslems tread on it only with shoeless feet. Be- 
sides the large mosque, a number of smaller buildings 
are scattered over the platform. A few trees are grow- 

ng on this space, mostly cypress. We also noticed an 
olive tree. . . 

In shape the building is octagonal, or eight-sided, 
each one of the sides measuring sixty-six feet in length 
'rj? 528 feet in circumference. Four doors facing the 
cardinal points of the compass give admittance to the 
. difice. They are square in form and are surmounted 
,ith a vaulted arch. In each side of the building are 
^even windows, making in all fifty-six. There are also 
■windows in the drum of the dome. The windows are made 
;-f small pieces of colored glass, which are set in 
plaster and held together by clamps of iron. 

At the entrance we were met by a sheik and several 
attendants, who conducted us through the building. The 
interior is dark and gloomy, owing to the fact that the 
windows do not admit sufficient light. It took some 
time before our eyes became accustomed to the gloom 
within. The interior walls are also covered with 


porcelain. The pavement is made of marble mosaics, and 
a few pieces of matting are laid on it. The dome, from 
the pavement to the top, is 170 feet high and 65 feet 
in diameter. . . 

We now proceed to examine the Holy Rock, before 
which everything else in the mosque pales in interest. 
Standing immediately in the center of the dome and ris- 
ing about six and a half feet above the pavement, is to 
be seen a part of the original surface rock of Mount 
Moriah. In preparing the temple area, the top of the 
ridge of the mountain was cut down a few feet, but this 
portion of the rock was not disturbed. The solid .rock 
was cut away from it, and here it stands today with 
nearly the same shape given it by Solomon's workmen 
nearly 3000 years ago. It is 57 feet long, 43 feet 
wide and at the highest point stands six and a half 
feet above the floor. It has a slight dip or 'slant 
towards the northeast end, where it is only two and a 
half feet high. . . 

Why Is the rock called, holy? There Is no direct 
reference made to it in the. Bible. It Is first men- 
tioned in the Jewish Talmud and later Jewish traditions, 
which are genuinely ancient. It is also mentioned in 
the Jewish interpretations of the Scriptures. According 
to these traditions, it was on this rock that the great 
priest Melchisedek offered sacrifices to the most high 
God, Here Abraham erected an altar on which he was to 
offer his son Isaac. Here Jacob slept and anointed the 
Holy Rock with oil. It was part of the threshing-floor 
of Araunah. Here David offered sacrifice to stay the 
plague. (II Samuel 24:18-25) Solomon's Most Holy Place 
covered this rock, and here the ark of the covenant was 
concealed by Jeremiah, and beneath the rock it lies 
buried to this day. Here, too, was written the Shem- 
hamphorah, the great and unspeakable name of God. 
Solomon, regarding the place with the veneration ac- 
corded to holy places, did not disturb the rock, around 
which clustered so many sacred traditions. It is true 
that we must depend upon traditions here, but they are 
so ancient and seem to be so well substantiated by facts 


that they may, in some cases at least, be accepted as 
the truth. 

At the lower end a hole has been cut through the rock, 
and there are traces of a channel leading down to the 
lole. It is said bj some writers that this hole was 
connected by a conduit with a sewer that passed out un- 
der the walls of the city and emptied into the brook of 
Kidron. In this way the use of the hole is easily ac- 
counted for. After offering sacrifices, the rock, which 
served as a great altar, was flooded with water, and the 
blood, ashes and filth carried off. Of course, this 
r.heory is based only on conjecture. The mystery sur- 
rounding the rock could, no doubt, be definitely settled 
if excavations could be made, but the place is strictly 
guarded by Mohammedans, who refuse to allow anything of 
bhe kind. It is surrounded by an iron railing, and 
visitors are only allowed to look at it. At one point 
a small portion extends beyond the iron screen, and this 
aas been worn smooth by the lips of devout men who have 
kneeled down and kissed it. 

Beneath the rock is a cave. Going down eleven steps, 
we stood directly beneath the rock. The sides of the 
^avern are covered with whitewash so that the character 
)f the stone cannot be determined. The sheik pounded 
on the floor of the cave and the hollow sound emitted 
showed that there was another opening beneath where we 
stood. . . • 

As we go down from the platform of the Dome of the 
.lock, we turn to take another survey of the building, 
■\nd whilst looking, we thought of that other temple that 
once stood on this very ground, the pride and glory of 
Israel and the wonder of all surrounding nations. It 
required only a little effort of the imagination and we 
were back to the time when Psalmist wrote and patriot 
3ung, of the Temple's glory. Hither the tribes came up; 
here shone forth the light of Shekinah; here was the 
centre of the religious, the poetical and the political 
life of God ! s chosen nation. And then one thinks of the 
defeats and disasters consequent upon disobedience; how 
glory after glory vanished, until alien powers desolated 
and utterly destroyed the holy place. One thinks of 


devout Jews in every land, oppressed and burdened, 
turning towards this sacred site, and remembering it 
with tears as they pray for restoration to their land. 
Above all, the Christian- thinks of the little child 
presented there and of the Divine Man teaching and 
preaching the things concerning Himself.". . . 

The exact site of the temple has long been a subject 
of sharp controversy. Whilst all agree that the temple 
stood on the platform, which has been fully described 
in these pages, yet the exact spot of its location has 
not been authoritatively settled. From this fact we 
may learn how complete was the destruction that fell 
upon the Jewish temple. The words of the Lord are again 
called to mind when He said to His disciples, "See ye 
not all these things? Verily I say unto you, there 
shall not be left here one stone upon another, that 
shall not be thrown down." 

When we consider that today no man knows positively 
where the foundation of the temple stood, we can realize 
how literally the words of the Master were fulfilled. 
Some scholars and investigators have claimed that the 
building stood at the southeast corner of the platform, 
overlooking the valleys of Jehoshaphat and Kinnom. More 
recent investigations, however, seem to settle the ques- 
tion that the sacred edifice must have stood nearly in 
the centre of the area upon a raised terrace or second 
platform, something higher than the first, and corres- 
ponding very nearly with the upper platform upon which 
the dome of the rock stands at the present, time. 

From Letters from Bible Lands 

Let us all resolve to serve God and be faithful to 
His only begotten Son, Jesus, who died for our sins. 
Jesus says, "Ask and you shall receive, seek and you 
.shall find, knock and it shall be opened unto you," 

Remember that while Josiah was yet young he began to 
seek after God. 

—Rudolph Cover 

A GOOD RESOLUTION— II Chronicles 34 

The first of the year is when many people make reso- 
lutions; that is, they decide to do something that would 
cause them to live better lives. Of course , it is good 
oo resolve to do better at any time but we must be sure 
we really do what we promise. 

About 600 years before Jesus was born, there was a 
little boy named Josiah. His father was King of Judah 
and because he had been a wicked king his servants 
killed him. The people of Judah were angry that the 
servants had killed their king and they made Josiah king 
vrhen he was only eight years old. In those days the 
oldest son was made king if his father died, even though 
he was young. Of course there were others who handled 
zhe affairs of the kingdom until the boy-king could be 
taught and was old enough to know what to do. The Bible 
says that when Josiah was 16 years old, while he was yet 
young, he began to seek after God. Vie don't know wljy . 
Josiah decided to serve the Lord, but maybe he was so 
disgusted with the way his father had acted that it 
turned him against worshiping idols and all the wicked 
xhlngs connected with it. He may have had a good mother 
or maybe some of his teachers were godly men. The one 
thing we do know is that Josiah started to clean up the 
wicked ways of the nation of Judah. He had the idols 
broken in pieces in the cities of the land; he had the 
graven images beaten into powder. In the book of II 
Kings. 24:25, it tells about Josiah like this, "And like 
i jnto him was there no king before him, that turned to 
the. Lord with all his heart, and with all his soul, and 
with all his might, according to all the law of Moses; 
neither after him arose there any like him.' 1 

The people of Judah had become so wicked that they 
had forgotten what the law of God was, but one day the 
book of the law was found in the house of the Lord and 
when Josiah had it read unto him, he tore his clothes. 
lie wept because God's people had done wrong by neglect- 
ing to do what was written in the book* Then Josiah 
called the people together and had the law read and 
caused them to do as the law said and be faithful to God* 

frVm-MTvnetd ° n mp"e 15, 


VOL, 20 FEBRUARY, 1973 NO. 2 

"Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain 
from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul." 1 Peter 2: 1 1 

Who trusts In God, a strong abode 
In heaven and earth possesses; 

Who looks in love to Christ above , 
No fear his heart oppresses. 

In Thee alone , dear Lord, we own 

Sweet hope and consolation; 
Our Shield from foes, our Balm for woes, 

Our great and sure Salvation. 

Though Satan* s wrath beset our path 
And worldly scorn assail us, .- 

While Thou art .near, we will not fear; 
•Thy strength shall never fail us. 

Thy rod and staff shall keep us safe 
And guide our steps forever; : 

Nor shades of death nor hell beneath 
Our souls from The.e shall sever. 

In all the strife of mortal life 
Our feet shall stand securely; 

Temptations hour shall lose its power, 
For Thou shalt guard us surely. 

OGod, renew with heavenly dew 

Our body, soul and spirit, 
Until we stand at Thy right hand 

Through Jesus* saving merit. 

By Joachim Magdeburg (1572) 
Selected by Susie Wagner 

THE F^ll—GRIM is a religious magazine published in the interests of the 
members of the Old Brethren Church. Subscription rate: $2.00 per year. Sample copies sent free 
on request. Publishing Editor: Leslie Cover; Consulting Editor: Daniel F. Wolf. 


11 For in Christ Jesus neither circumcision 
availeth anything, nor uncircumcision, but a 
new creature* And as many as walk by this rule, 
peace be on them, and mercy, and upon the Israel 
of God, 1 ' (Galatians 6:15,16) 

It is asserted by certain dispensational writers that 
the apostle Paul is referring to two separate groups of 
people in this text, the first being members of the 
church of Christ arid the "Israel of God" being national 

One writer on this subject declares: "That there are 
I,wo separate groups being prepared in this world, to be 
jailed by two separate agencies, at two separate times 
in the future is quite apparent. In the one case angels 
are sent to do the gathering (Matthew 24:31), while in 
che other, Jesus Himself appears in person to receive 
anto Himself the New Testament believers (I Thessalonians 
4:16),* • * To speak of the church as the Israel of God 
is extremely confusing to say the least. Let us not 
attempt to combine the two," 

But this is exactly what the apostle Paul says in 
Zphesians 2:13-16 has been done by Jesus on the cross, 
J But now in Christ Jesus ye {Gentiles ) who sometimes 
were far off are made nigh by the blood of Christ, For 
he is our peace, who. hath made both one, and hath broken 
clown the middle wall of partition between us. Having 
abolished in his flesh the enmity, even the law of com- 
n andments contained in ordinances; for to make in him- 
self of twain one new man, so making peace , And that he 
might reconcile both (Jew and Gentile) unto God in one 
oody by the cross, having slain the enmity thereby. 11 

The natural and reasonable interpretation of Galatians 
6:15,16 is that what is said in verse 15 is the basis 


or position for the benediction in verse 16, that is, 
as many as walk by the rule that "in Christ Jesus neith- 
er circumcision nor uncircumcision availeth anything, 
but a new creature" — on them, each and every one, be 
peace and mercy, and also "peace and mercy 1 ' be upon the 
body or church as a whole, which is here called "the. 
Israel of God." 

This interpretation is supported by translations from 
several other versions of the New Testament as follows: 

Twentieth Century New Testament: "For neither is 
circumcision nor the omission of It. anything; but a new 
nature is everything. May all who rule their conduct by 
this principle find peace and mercy — they who are the 
Israel of God." , - ■ 

Moffatt T s Translation:- "For what counts is neither 
circumcision nor uncircumcision, it is the new creation. 
On all who will be guided by this rule, may peace and 
mercy rest, even upon the Israel of God." 
' Revised Standard version: "For neither circumcision 
counts for anything., nor uncircumcision, but a new crea- 
tion. Peace and mercy be upon all who walk by .this-, 
rule, upon the Israel of God*" ... 

It will be observed that this text is at the very 
conclusion of the epistle to the Galatians, which was 
written to save those who had been converted by the. gos- 
pel to the Christian faith, from turning again to the 
national Jewish religion in the observance of the rites 
and ordinances of the Mosaic law* Especially in chap- 
ters 3 and 4, Paul masterfully elucidates the doctrine 
that the true seed of Abraham and children of God are 
not by any national relationship, or observance of the 
law of Moses, or of the covenant of circumcision, but by 
virtue of faith in Jesus Christ and union with him in 
baptism. As he says also in Romans 9:6-8, "For they are 
not all Israel which are of Israel: neither because they 
are the seed of Abraham, are they all children: but, In 
Isaac shall thy seed be called. That is, They which are 
the children of the flesh, these are not the children of 
God: but the children of the promise are counted for the 
seed." Again in Romans 2:28,29, "For he is not a Jew 
which is one outwardly; neither is that circumcision, 


which is outward in the flesh: But he is a Jew, which 
is one inwardly; and circumcision is that of the heart, 
in the spirit, and not in the letter; whose praise is 
not of men, but of God." 

With this emphasis throughout the whole epistle of 
Galatians, which was the obvious reason for writing it, 
it seems unreasonable to suppose that Paul, in his con- 
clusion, would suddenly change his subject and direction 
of thought to pronounce a benediction on the unbelieving 
and nationalistic Jews whom he considered disobedient 
and contrary to the gospel. In chapter 3:10 he said of 
them, "For as many as are of the works of the law are 
under the curse*' 1 And in 5:4, "Christ is become of no 
effect unto you, whosoever of you are justified by the 
law; ye are fallen from grace." - And, "I would that they 
were even cut off which trouble you." 

Aside from reconciling this text with its context in 
the epistle to the Galatians, there are many other Scrip- 
tures which may be cited to support the belief that the 
apostles and New Testament converts to the faith of 
Christ regarded the church as the true Israel of God. 

The first and most important evidence of this fact is 
that the church was founded, not of Gentiles or stran- 
gers., from the "covenants of promise," but of a faithful 
remnant of the Old Covenant commonwealth of Israel to 
whom the promises were made* It consisted first of the 
chosen twelve, with whom Jesus confirmed the promised 
New Covenant when He gave them the cup of the New Testa- 
ment (covenant) in the upper room, and then on the day 
of Pentecost there were three thousand of them who re- 
ceived the promised baptism of the Holy Ghost by which 
they became new creatures, or a new creation in Christ 
Jesus of which He is the head. This was a truly Spiritual 
Israel; not a figurative Israel, but a born again Israel- 
horn of the Spirit of God, by which they became true 
children of God through a faith relationship and cove- 
nant in Christ Jesus. Truly a nation was born at once, 
in answer to Isaiah's question (Isaiah 66:8). "And the 
Lord added to the church daily such as should be saved." 
Soon there were five thousand of them, then "multitudes" 
and then more "multitudes both of men and women" — all 


Israelites by natural birth; but now children of God by 
the new birth and their relation to Jesus Christ by the 
Spirit. These, including all the Gentiles that were 
admitted into the church since that time, must certainly 
be that numerous seed of the " children of promise'* which 
Isaiah saw (54:1) and Paul describes in Galatians 4:27, 
"Rejoice thou barren that bearest not; break forth and 
cry, thou that travailest not: for the desolate hath 
many more children than she which hath an husband/ 1 

It is often objected that Israel n as a nation" did 
not accept Jesus as the Messiah. But there' were many 
true, faithful Israelites who did, and of them Jesus 
chose twelve apostles to be the new princes of the re- 
born nation, of which Christ is the true "Israel" (mean- 
ing Prince of God) and head. - This was in conformity to 
the pattern of Israel of old which had twelve princes 
or heads of the tribes. And to these apostles Jesus 
said, "Ye are they which have continued with me in my 
temptations, and I appoint unto you a kingdom, as my 
Father hath appointed unto me; that ye may eat and drink 
with me in my kingdom, and sit on twelve thrones judging 
the. twelve tribes of Israel." 

The fact that the national rulers with a majority of 
the people did not believe in Jesus could not frustrate 
God's "eternal purpose and plan to establish and build 
his church." For Paul says in Romans 3:3, "What if some 
did not believe? shall their unbelief make the faith of 
God without effect?" 

Many dispensational writers readily, and apparently 
correctly, advocate that the "mystery" of which Paul 
writes in Fphesians 3:3 is the church; but they hasten, 
then, to interpret it as a "parenthesis" or separated 
body, unrelated to God's Old Testament promises and 
peo.ple, apparently ignoring Paul's own explanation of 
this "mystery" in the immediate verses following: 
"Whereby, when ye read, ye may understand my knowledge 
in the mystery of Christ. Which in other ages was not 
made known unto the sons of men, as it is now (in Paul's 
time) revealed unto his holy apostles and prophets b£ 
the Spirit ; that the Gentiles should be fellowheirs, and 


of the same body , and partakers of his promise in Christ 
by the gospel. 1 ' When Paul says "fellowheirs" and "the 
same body" and fellowcitizens with the saints 11 (chapter 
2:19), he cannot be indicating a separate body unrelated 
to the Old Testament covenants and people. Who else 
could the " saints' 1 and "heirs" be but the faithful elect 
members of the commonwealth of the Old Testament Israel 
who had embraced the faith of Jesus Christ. 

Therefore the church is not an" exclusive or separate 
body, but an inclusive body, composed, first, of members 
of the Old Testament people, to whom the promises were 
made, and including the Gentiles with them into the same 
body and fellowheirs with them of the promises which God 
made to Abraham, but which he first purposed in Christ 
Jesus before the world began, -as the apostle further 
states in Ephesians 3? 9*15, "And to make all men see 
what is the fellowship of the mystery, which from the 
beginning of the world hath been hid in God, who created 
all things by Jesus Christ: to the intent that now unto 
the principalities and powers in. heavenly places, might 
be known by the church the manifold wisdom of God, ac- 
cording to the eternal purpose which he purposed in 
Christ Jesus our Lord. . . of whom the whole family in 
heaven and earth are named," 

Jacob was named Israel when he was nearly 100 years 
old^ after he had wrestled with the angel at Peniel and 
prevailed. His Hebrew name was Jacob, but his title 
name was Israel (which means A prince of God) because 
"as a prince" he had "power with God and with men, and 
had prevailed." (Genesis 32:28) Therefore all the Old 
Testament people of God, of whom Jacob was the progeni- 
tor, were called Israel. But now all the true children 
or people of God are begotten not of Jacob, but in 
Christ who is the true "ISRAEL" or Prince of God. Justin 
Martyr, who wrote about 140 A.D., described this rela- 
tionship in beautiful terms when he said, "As therefore 
Christ is the Israel and the JaCob, .even .so we, who have 
been quarried out from the bowels of Christ, are the 

true Israelitic race." ... 

Those who do not see the union of the sainthood of 
God in one body apparently miss the meaning of the sgpnbci 


of the olive tree in Romans 11. There is only one " txee» 
It was never cut down or grubbed out, nor even were all 
the branches broken off, * Only some of the branches 
were broken off, and "wild olive branches" (Gentiles) 
were graffed into the native stock. And then the apos- 
tle urges upon them very emphatically that they are 
partaking of the "root and fatness 11 of the tree. For 
"thou bearest not the root but the root thee." That 
this tree represents the universal sainthood in Christ 
Jesus is evident, because "wild" or Gentile branches 
have been graffed into it. And the standing of both 
the wild and native branches is by faith (in Christ), 
because if the native branches, which were broken off, 
" abide not yet in unbelief " they may be graffed in 

a S ain - —D. F. Woif - 


Hearing home I How often these words have crossed 
our mindsl Jesus says: ''"My time is not yet come: but 
your time is alway ready." (John 7:6) And also we read 
"Be ye therefore ready also: for the Son of man cometh 
at an hour when ye think not." (Luke 12:40) 

True we are living in dangerous times; the words of 
David are true today, "There is but a step between me 
and death." (I Samuel 20:3) We are accustomed, and to 
some degree hardened, to the dangers around us; but 
there is one truth outstanding; the passing of time, 
and now the accumulating years begin to bear down heavy 
upon us. 

No more the prospect of long years ahead! "The days 
of our years are threescore years and ten; and if by 
reason of strength they -be .fourscore years, yet is 
their strength labour and sorrow, for it is soon cut 
off, and we fly away," (Psalm 90:10) 

So having passed these indicated times, the- truth is 
pressing closer to us as the days pass oh. Long and 
happy has been our life as increasing maturity came on, 


and magnified this happiness together to my dear com- 
panion and me these many years. 

Many joys including little ones coming into our lives* 
The problems of life have, many of them, been decided 
in the passing of time, and now we stand nearing home. 
We committed our souls to God as unto a faithful Creator 
years ago, - He has lifted us up when we were down, and 
now we can almost hear the joybells of heaven ringing, 

God has been faithful; we have slipped and fallen 
many times, but the same right hand that fell gently on 
John the Revelator has sustained us also. We cannot 
bear the thought of His leaving us now, I know His Holy 
Word is true: still "a lamp unto my feet, and a light 
unto my path," (Psalm 119:105) 

I have seen saints depart in peace and go over the 
river. But above all I see Jesus going on before in 
bitter prayer and blood-filled eyes, I see Him when all 
forsook Him and fled and He said, "But I am not alone 
for my Father is with me," then bleeding and dying upon 
bhe cross saying "My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken 
me? n Then sweetly and confidently saying, "Father, into 
thy hands I commend my spirit ," I would like' to feel 
and speak the samel Paul says, "To be with Christ is 
far better," I believe this is true. I hope to bow to 
death with grace. 

One thing more: Jesus has promised to return for His 
loved ones. Those who are alive at His coming will see 
and feel in their bodies the final triumph over death. 
This I would enjoy to see and feel. And though we may 
miss that part, Jesus says, "The dead in Christ will 
rise first," To be alive and see the living changed it 
lures me orr, 

"Hinder me not, come welcome death, I'll gladly go 
with thee," • _j. j m Cover 


Why was it wrong for King David to number the people 
of Israel and Judah as recorded in II Samuel 24? Could 
we commit a similar trespass today? 

Send your comment on this question to The Pilgrim , 



Yesterday I pruned our few young fruit trees. They 
didn't need much pruning , but they had to have some. 
Some had made vigorous growth and shot out long, bare 
shoots that obviously would not have fruit on in the 
coming year. There were a few places where the ends 
of the twigs had died back from frost or perhaps from 
pests or disease. 

This little pruning chore reminded me that the Bible 
speaks of pruning. Jesus, In John 15:1 says, "I am the 
vine and my Father is the husbandman.. 11 Jesus is the , 
main part of the tree or vine, the stalk and root. His 
people are branches fastened to Him. The Father is the 
one who prunes the branches. (15:2) In pruning, each 
branch is given attention. The branch that .will not 
bear fruit is removed completely. But the. branch that 
is bearing fruit is clipped and pruned and shaped so 
that it will bear more fruit. The dead twigs are- cut 
away. The thick clusters are thinned so they won't: be 
too crowded. Care Is taken to let sunlight in to all 
parts of the tree. The long, spindly twigs are cut 
back to make a sturdy branch that will not break under 
a heavy load of fruit. 

This is a vivid picture of the way God ;^orks with us 
to help us to do our best. • He gives us the best oppor- 
tunity for our. special situations. Though the pruning 
may be severe, -it has one goal or purpose — to help the 
branch produce more fruit. 

We are as much dependent upon Jesus to supply to us 
the nourishment for fruit-bearing as a branch is depen — 
dent upon the vine. He tells us (verse 4) that we must 
abide in Him to be fruitful. And unlike a grape vine, 
we have this choice; we can abide in Christ or we can 
refuse to abide in Him. Like a grape vine, when we are 
severed from the stalk we wither and die. Has anyone 
seen a branch of a grape vine pruned off and continue 
to grow, leaf out, and produce grapes- lying on the 
ground? No, it doesn*t work that way. 

And like a vine again, when we refuse to abide in 
Christ and bear fruit, we (CONTINUED ON PAGE 15) 



BERTHA PROVOST CRAWMER, daughter of George and 
Kathryn Provost, was born December 2.3, 1883, at Bangor-, 
Michigan.. She departed this life Thursday morning, 
January 25, 1973, at Card-well Memorial Hospital, Stella, 
Missouri, at the age of 89 years, 1 month, and 2 days. 

On September 13, 1908, she was united in marriage to 
Samuel Mohler Crawmer of Covert, Michigan, After living 
a short time in Michigan they moved to Quinter, Kansas* 
After living in Kansas for five years, they moved to 
Fairview, Missouri,, in 1913, and lived in this community 
her remaining life. While at Quinter, she and her com- 
panion were united with the Old Order German Baptist 
Church to which she remained a faithful member until 
called home. 

To this union were born five children, three sons and 
two daughters: Norman, of Modesto, California, Marvin, 
of Long Barn, California, Ezra, of Fairview, Missouri, 
and Kathryn Mohle.r, of Ripon, California. Besides her 
children and their companions, she leaves to mourn her 
passing, two sisters: Mrs. Julia Wilcox, of Evart, 
Michigan, Mrs. Esta Willbrandt, of Clare, Michigan j one 
brother, Asher Provost, of Detroit, Michigan; eleven 
grandchildren, eleven great-grandchildren, and many 
nieces, nephews, and friends. 

She was preceded 1© death by her husband, one infant 
daughter, one brother, and three sisters. 

She was blessed with good health most of her life and 
was never in a hospital until the last two months. Her 
last years were comfortably spent in her little home 
near that of her youngest son, who with his family lov- 
ingly provided for her needs. While at home, she spent 
many happy hours writing to her many relatives and 

She will be. sadly missed by all.. 

Services -were conducted in the. McQueen funeral parlor, 
Wheaton, Missouri, January 25, at 1:30 p.m. by Brother 
David Grimm and concluded at the Maple Grove meeting 
house at 2.: 00 p,m. by Brother Joseph Lavy, Brother David 


Grimm, and Brother Clyde Hirt, Scriptures used: Psalm 
39 and St. John 11. Hymns used: 392, 442, 393, and 
403. Interment was made in the Dice Cemetery about one 
half mile west of the church, there to await the resur- 
rection morning. 

The Family 


Jesus whispers, "I am with you 
In the sunshine, in the clouds, 
When the spirit is exalted, 
When the stricken heart is bowed," 

Jesus whispers, "I am with you 
In the battle every day; 
Standing by you in the conflict, 
Going with you all the way." 

Jesus whispers, "I am with you 

In the hour of deepest need, 

When the way is dark and lonesome , 

I am with you, I will lead." 

Jesus whispers, "I am with you, 

With you still what. e T er betide, 

In the sunshine or the shadow, 

I am ever at thy side." 

Selected by Elsie Wolf 
n " ■'■■■■ ' "" ' » 


We members of the" Eastern District of the Old Breth- 
ren Church have. chosen May 5th and 6th as a date to 
hold our Spring Communion, the Lord willing, and ex- 
tend a hearty invitation to members and friends to be 

with us at that time. -m ^. i 

— Elmer Brovont 

BED BAKER - A daughter, Leah Joy, born to Stanley and 
Janice Brubaker of Lafayette, Indiana. 




By D. L. Millar— 1884 

Leaving the Mosque we go directly to the southeast 
corner of the Haram (temple platform), and descending 
thirty-two steps we come to a small , vaulted chamber in 
which, it is said, Simeon dwelt and that our Savior was 
brought here when eight days old to be circumcised ac- 
cording to the law. From this small room we made anoth- 
er descent and entered the vaulted chambers beneath the 
temple platform, known as Solomon's stables. Here one 
can see better than anywhere else how the valleys were 
filled in order to make the great platform for the tem- 
ple. The space below has been filled up somewhat, but 
it is yet large enough to impress us with the vast a- 
mount of work done here by Solomon. The semicircular 
vaults rest on a hundred square piers built of heavy 
drafted stones of ancient workmanship, Solomon's palace 
was near this place, and these huge vaults, first in- 
tended to level up the valley, may have been used by him 
as stables. —We read in I Kings 4:26, "Solomon had forty 
thousand stalls of horses for his chariots u u It is cer- 
tain that the vaults were used by the Knight Templars 
for the purpose of stabling their horses. The rings cut 
into the solid stone piers are yet to be seen. The 
space covered by these vaults is somewhat irregular in 
shape. From east to west its greatest length is about 
J20 feet, and its greatest breadth from north to south, 
250 feet. 

After examining the vaults fully, we came up again to 
the surface of the platform. Passing along to the north 
we came to the King 1 s Cisterns , or cisterns of the sea. 
These huge reservoirs were supplied with water from 
Solomon's pools. They are hewn in the solid rock, por- 
tions of which were left standing and serve as piers on 
which the arches rest by which the cisterns are covered. 
Baedeker says they are upwards of forty feet in depth 
and 246 yards in circumference. Other parts of the 


Haram are honeycombed with cisterns of immense capacity. 
On account of these facilities for storing water , 
Jerusalem never wanted for water, even during the long- 
est sieges. At the present time, these cisterns contain 
but little water. 

To the right and north of the cisterns, we come to a 
small stairway leading to the top of the wall, which is 
the east wall of the city. From this point a fine view 
is had of the Valley of Jehoshaphat and the Mount of 
Olives. Below, the ground is covered with graves, con- 
taining the dead of all generations and memorial* 'stones* 
All devout Jews have a strong desire to be laid to rest 
in this valley, for here will the Messiah come when the 
prophecy of Joel is fulfilled: "I will gather all na- 
tions and will bring them down into the Valley of 
Jehoshaphat, and will plead with them there for my peo- 
ple, and for my heritage Israel, whom they have scat- 
tered among the nations, and parted my land." ' (J'oel 3:2) 

East of the valley rise the slopes of Olivet; the 
Kidron, the tombs of Absalom and Zechariah, and the 
Garden of Gethsemane are in full view. 

A little farther on to the north is situated the 
Golden Gate, or Beautiful Gate, as it is sometimes 
called. It has been closed up by a wall of masonry. 
Zechariah refers, no doubt, to the closing of this 
gate — 44:1,2. The guide told us that the Jews had a 
tradition that when their Messiah came, he would enter 
this gate and restore the kingdom of Israel. The Mos- 
lems, hearing this, and determined to prevent the ful- 
fillment of the prophecy, walled up the gate. Inside 
of the wall, built to. keep out the conqueror, the tower 
of the gate is still open and is an interesting object. 
Overhead are six arches, resting on the lateral walls 
and on two columns. The tower is highly ornamented with 
cornices, acanthus leaves and foliage. 

By a staircase, an ascent can be made to the top of 
the tower of the Golden Gate, from which a fine view is 
had of the Temple Platform and of the approaches to the 
Dome of the Rock. North of the Golden Gate is another 
mosque, smaller than those already described, called 


Solomon's Throne, from the tradition that here the wise 
king was found dead. 

We now come to the north wall of the area, having 
walked along the eastern wall from the south end to the 
north. The north wall contains three gates, and just 
outside of this wall is the pool of Bethesda. A small 
valley leading into the Tyropean was used in the con- 
struction of this large pool. At the present time, it 
is filled up with rubbish and filth to the depth of 
twenty feet. It is about sixty-eight feet below the 
level of the Temple Platform. It is 363 feet long and 
132 feet wide and was at one time supposed to be the 
Pool of Bethesda of the New Testament and still bears 
that name, but it is more generally known as the Birket 
Tsra-el, or pool of Israel. Captain Warren succeeded 
in passing from the pool through an opening in the wall 
of the Haram into an arched or vaulted chamber, through 
which the pool, doubtless, had an outlet to the valley 
below. It was supplied with water from the west side. 

— From Letters from Bible Lands 


We know we need Him every hour, 
But we cannot comprehend 
All the ways our loads are lightened 
By this kind and loving Eriend. 

We ask Him for specific things ; 
He gladly gives us these. 
We too have needs unknown to us 
Which our Heavenly Father sees. 

Not only sees, but He supplies 
From His large and boundless store. 
Why are we so surprised to find 
He gives more than we ask Him for? 

— Joyce Miller 

Tuo lumne , C al i f o r nia 


(CONTINUED FROM PAGE 9) are cast forth or cut off, 
we are withered, gathered together, cast into the fire 
and burned. (Verse 6) Even the fear of such a fate 
should make us want to cling tightly to the Vine and 
never be cut off. But we have a higher calling than 
to fear destruction. Jesus lovingly calls us to abide 
in Him and let His words abide in us and to bear much 
fruit. In verse 16 He tells them, M Ye have not chosen 
me, but I have chosen you, and ordained you, that ye 
should go and bring forth fruit, and that your fruit 
should remain... !f 

•A beautiful lesson on the goodness and forbearance 
and love of Jesus is given in this short parable told 
by Him in Luke 13: 6-9 r 

"A certain man had a fig tree planted in his vine- 
yard; and he came and sought fruit thereon, and found 
none. Then said he unto the dresser of his vineyard^ 
Behold, these three years I come seeking fruit on this 
fig tree, and find none: cut it down; why cumbereth it 
the ground? And he. answering said unto him, Lord, let 
it alone this year also, till I shall dig about it, and 
dung it: And if it bear fruit, well: and if not, then 
after that thou shalt cut it down. 11 

How many of us have felt the tender, loving care of 
the Lord when He has patiently worked with us, culti- 
vated, pruned, fed, watered and loved us, giving us 
another chance. Only the ungrateful and ungodly will 
refute this loving care and refuse to bear fruit. 

We know that all His pruning, purging, and shaping 
of us is for our good. Let us remember this profound 
truth in John 15:5> "I am the vine, ye are the branches: 
He that abide th in me, and I in him, the same bring - 
eth forth much fruit: for without me ye can do nothing ," 
— L.C. 

He is the Vine — His heavenly root. 
Supplies each branch with life and fruit; 
Oh I may a lasting union join 
My soul to Christ, the living Vine. 


GOD DID IT Genesis 1 

Did you ever wonder how the world that you live in 
was made? Where the sun you see every day came from? 
Who made the moon and the stars that shine at night? 
j"hat makes the green grass grow, the pretty flowers 
bloom? Who made the ocean and the -rivers and the air 
we breathe? If you are interested in learning about all 
these things and more — the first chapter in the Bible 
can tell you more than you can learn anywhere else. 

The Bible says that God made the earth and the air 
that is around it. When we want to do -anything well, we 
want plenty of light to see what we are doing so in the 
beginning God said, "Let there be light j 1 and there was 
light. Then God divided the light from the darkness, 
and God called the light day and the darkness He called 
night, and so ended the first day. 

The second day God made the sky and the air we breathe. 

The third day God caused the water to be gathered 
together and the dry land to appear. The dry -land He 
called earth, and the gathering together of the waters 
He called seas or oceans. Then God made the grass and 
the trees and all the plants that we use for food. 

The fourth day God made the sun to give light by day 
and the moon by night — and He made the stars also. 

Then it was the fifth day, and God made all the fish 
and big whales and everything that lives in the water, 
and He made the birds that fly in the air and ducks, 
chickens, turkeys and little hummingbirds. 

The sixth day God made all the animals — cows, horses, 
dogs, cats and all kinds of creeping things, like' liz- 
ards and turtles — everything that we see, God made them 
.all. After this God saw that everything He made was 
good and well done—but God wanted to do one thing more, 
and what do you suppose that was? God said, n Let us 
make man in our own image. " So God made a man and a 
woman and put the man over all the animals, the birds, 
the fish in the sea and whatever that God had made. And 
God told the man that he could use the plants and the 
fruit of the trees for food. And God saw everything 
that He made, and behold, it was very good. — R. Cover 


VOL. 20 MARCH, 1973 NO.. 3 

"Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain 
from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul." 1 Peter 2: 1 1 

When this passing world is done, 
When has sunk yon glowing sun, 
When we stand with Christ in glory, 
Looking o T er life's finished story, 
Then, Lord, shall I fully know- 
Not till then — how much I owe. 

When I stand before the throne, 
Dressed in beauty not my own, 
When I see Thee as Thou art, 
Love Thee with unsinning heart, 
Then, Lord, shall I fully know — 
Not till then — how much I owe. 

When the praise of Heaven I hear, 
Loud as thunder to the ear, 
Long as many waters 1 noise, 
Sweet as harp's melodious voice, 
Then, Lord, shall I fully know — 
Not till then — how much I owe. 

Even on earth, as through a glass 
Darkly, let Thy glory pass, 
Make forgiveness feel so sx^eet, 
Make Thy Spirit r s help to meet, 
Even on earth, Lord, make me know 
Something of how much I owe. 

Selected by Sylvia Wolf 

"THE FML.GR1IV1 is a reliflious magazine published in the interests of the 
members of the Old Brethren Church. Subscription rate: $2.00 per year. Sample copies sent free 
on request. Publishing Editor: Leslie Cover; Consulting Editor: Daniel F. Wolf. 


The problem of the role of grace in the salvation of 
the Christian has been a source of confusion to many. 
The reasons for this are not entirely clear because 
there is much teaching on grace in the scripture. Per- 
haps if we examine what the Bible actually says we can 
more fully understand the meaning of grace and its role 
in our lives, 

Grace has been defined as "unmerited favor J' Web- 
ster's New World Dictionary defines grace as "the un- 
merited love and favor of God toward man," Grace, then, 
can be thought of as undeserved love which God has be- 
stowed upon us. It is important to remember that im- 
plied in the meaning of grace is that nothing I do makes 
me more worthy of it. It is given to me even though I 
do not deserve it. 

How was it that this grace was made available to us? 
.John tells us that the "Word was God* n (John 1:16-17) 
The same passages in the Living New Testament Paraphrase 
tells us, "He was full of living forgiveness (grace) and 
truth" (John 1:14) and "we have all benefited from the 
rich blessings He brought us — blessing upon blessing 
heaped upon us I For Moses gave us only the Law with its 
rigid demands and merciless justice, while Jesus Christ 
brought us loving forgiveness as well." (John 1:16-17) 

What could be more worthy of our praise than that 
Jesus brought grace, forgiveness, and blessing to us 
all — not because we were great (see Romans 3:23) but be- 
cause He loved us (see John 3:l6). As Paul says, "For 
by grace are ye saved through faith; and that not of 
yourselves: it is the gift of God:" Not of works, lest 
any man should boast, 11 (Ephesians 2:8-9) How are we 
saved? By grace through faith { Notice, however, that 
even as we do not earn our salvation by our own efforts 
(works), our faith is not something that we accomplish 
on our own— it is "the gift of God," 


If Jesus has brought grace and by it we are saved 
through faith (which is also a gift of God), what is 
left for us to do? Jesus said, "Thou shalt love the 
Lord thy God with all thy heart, with all thy soul, and 
with all thy mind." (Matthew 22:37, Mark 12:30, Luke 
10:27) He also said, "He that believeth and is baptized 
shall be saved," (Mark 16: 16) This is a big order. It 
involves the complete yielding of our lives to the Lord, 
and this yielding is not something that is done just 
once, but day by day. Then we are "no more a servant, 
but a son; and if a son, then an heir of God through 
Christ." (Galatians 4:7) 

"Therefore if any man be in Christ, he is a new crea- 
ture: old things are passed away; behold, all things 
are become new." (II Corinthians 5:17) "If the Son 
therefore shall make you free, ye shall be free indeed." 
(John 8r36) "Stand fast therefore in the liberty where- 
with Christ hath made us free, and be not entangled 
again with the yoke of bondage." (Galatians 5:1) 

While our salvation is by grace through faith, we are 
warned, "Be not deceived; God is not mocked: for what- 
soever a man soweth, that shall he also reap. For he 
that soxtfeth to his flesh shall of the flesh reap cor- 
ruption; but he that soweth to the Spirit shall reap 
life everlasting." (Galatians 6:7-8) How do we sow "to 
the Spirit"? Is it not by yielding our lives wholly to 
the Lord and letting His Holy Spirit indwell us and' use 
us for His name's honor and glory? In this way we can 
become true witnesses for God with living faith. As 
James tells us, "Even so faith, if it hath not works, 
is dead, being alone." (James 2rl7) "For as the body 
without the spirit is dead, so faith without works is 
dead also." (James 2:26) or as the' Living Paraphrase 
version reads, "Just as the body is dead when there is 
no spirit in it, so faith is dead if it is not the kind 
that results in good deeds." 

Now if we are saved by grace are we allowed to con- 
tinue in sin? Paul asked this same* question, "What 
shall we say then? Shall we continue in sin, that grace 
m£y abound? God forbid * How shall we that are dead to 


sin live any longer therein?" (Romans 6:1-2) If we are 
new creatures we are dead to sin. We have put off the 
old man. Yes, we are made new and we' are free, but 
never free. to sin. "Let not sin therefore reign in your 
mortal body, that ye should obey it in the lusts there- 
of. Neither yield ye your members as instruments of 
unrighteousness unto sin: but yield yourselves unto 
God, as those that are alive from the dead, and your 
members as instruments of righteousness unto God. For 
sin shall not have dominion over you: for ye are not 
under the law, but under grace." (Romans 6:12-15) "For 
the grace of God that bringeth salvation hath appeared 
to all men, Teaching us that, denying ungodliness and 
worldly lusts, we should live soberly, righteously, and 
godly, in this present world; Looking for that blessed 
hope, and the glorious appearing of the great God and 
our Saviour Jesus Christ; Who gave himself for us, that 
he might redeem us from all iniquity, and purify unto 
himself a peculiar people, zealous of good works." 
(Titus 2:11-14) 

How amazing it is that God, Who cannot tolerate sin 
in any form, loved us so much that even though we (by 
our actions) condemned ourselves, He provided a way out. 
It is so much more remarkable v/hen we realize that He 
Himself, through His son Jesus Christ, paid the penalty 
so that we might be reconciled to Him. Dare we go on 
"doing our own thing?" Certainly not! God has made it 
as easy as is possible for us to be redeemed. Let us 
give ourselves wholly to God. Surely the only reason- 
able course of action for us to follow is to heed the 
words of Paul: "I beseech you therefore, brethren, by 
the mercies of God, that ye present your bodies a living 
sacrifice, holy, acceptable unto God, which- is your 
reasonable service. And be not conformed to this world: 
but be ye transformed by the renewing of your mind, that 
ye may prove what is that good, and acceptable, and per- 
fect, will of God." (Romans 12:1-2) 

Glen W. Shirk, M.D. 
Modesto, California 



The virtues of loving and giving go together as we' 
read: "For God so loved the world, that he gave his 
only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in. him 
should not perish, but have everlasting life." (John 


"Thanks be unto God for his unspeakable gift." (II 
Corinthians 9:15) God gave the greatest gift; loving 
and giving combined J Compassion lingers close and hal- 
lows the act* 

It is a wonderful blessing to have and to be able to 
give! We know where these blessings come £ram r for we 
read: "Every good gift and every perfect gift is from 
above and cometh down- from the Father of lights, with 
whom is no variableness, neither shadow of turning." 
(James 1:17) So Jesus kindly says, "Freely ye have re- 
ceived, freely give." (Matthew 10:8) 

To be willing to give that which has been .entrusted 
unto us is to be like Jesus and all His faithful chil- 
dren. Jesus was not selfish nor do His children desire 
to be, for receiving the joy of salvation and the for- 
giveness of our sins, which brings true happiness, we 
all surely wish this could be the happy lot of all man- 
kind! This desire to give that we have received is be- 
hind every act of love to spread the mission of joy and 
good will to others I What have ye that ye have not re- 

One of the greatest joys of this life is giving to 
others 1 We read: "It is more blessed to give than to 
receive." (Acts 20:35) Truly it is blessed to receive, 
but giving shows growth, bearing fruit that we can give 
and still retain a part of what we give, and by so do- 
ing, this desire and act of giving can be passed on and 

Giving is not always measured by the amount but by 
the motive and desire to help. The poor widow that cast 
two mites into the treasury gave all her living; the 
rich to equal this would have to give their living. 

Jesus said unto the rich man, "If thou wilt be per- 
fect, go and sell what thou hast, and give to the poor, 


and thou shalt have treasure in heaven; and come follow 
me." " Sell , have , follow Jesus " can be our motto. 

Let us take an inventory of our storehouse > for "Ac- 
cording as his divine power (he) hath given unto us all 
things that pertain to life and godliness, through the 
knowledge of him that hath called us to glory and vir- 
tue." (II Peter 1:3) This great storehouse , the Holy 
Bible, is ours to keep and study and bring these divine 
truths and precepts into our own lives, so that we can 
witness to others by experience of being obedient to the 
truth, causing us to know the truth, as we read: "If 
any man will do his will, he shall know of the doctrine, 
whether it be of God, or whether I speak of myself," 
(John 7:17) Yes, if we know by doing God f s will that 
God's word is true, we can help to impart this knowledge 
to others. 

So being first receivers, then knowing the truth, we 
can become fivers and realize "It is more blessed to 
give than to receive," This indicates bearing fruit 
that others can partake of. Believing , doing , knowing , 
the Holy Spirit leading us to understand His word of 
truth and enabling us to scatter seeds of kindness for 
our reaping bye and bye. 

"It is more blessed to give than to receive," 

"Freely ye have received, freely give." 

Give to the Lord your all, 

He gave you all you have; 
On Him for mercy call, 

And He your soul will save. 

Give as you have received, 

His bounty is your wealth; 
For as you have believed 

He gave to you your health. 

Give for the need is great 
For many are so poor; 

Before it is too late, 
Point to the open door. 


Give now to prove your love 
By giving of your store , 

And look to God above. 

That He may give you more. 

Give of kind deeds a share; 

Cheer up the forlorn heart; 
Kind words you have to spare; 

Make thee a happy start. 

Give to the sick your aid; 

Bind up the broken heart; 
No one need be afraid 

If you will do your part. 

Pray for those in distress; 

Pray for the straying sheep, 
For God will surely bless 

Those who His sayings keep. 

— J, I. Cover 

Sonora, California 


We members of the Eastern District of the Old Breth- 
ren Church have chosen May 5th and 6th as a date to 
hold our Spring Communion, the Lord willing y and ex- 
tend a hearty invitation to members and friends to be 
with us at that time. Elmer Brovont 

We of the Salida congregation were made to rejoice 
when another precious soul, namely Joseph W. Cover, 
was received into our fellowship on March 18, by a 
public confession of faith and holy baptism. 

—Daniel F. Wolf 

In the January issue we had the second names reversed 
for the Martin twins, Matthew Lee and Andrew Lynn. 



In the Bible are a number of likenesses or symbols 
describing the relationship of God to His people: The 
Good Shepherd and His sheep, The Master and His ser- 
vants, The Ruler and His subjects. One we can really 
appreciate is n The Father and His own children* 11 This 
is more than a symbol because the people of God are His 
children and He is their Father, 

Psalm 103:13 says, "Like as a father pitieth his 
children, so the Lord pitieth them that fear him." 

We can learn a lot about our relationship to our 
Heavenly Father by simply observing our children and 
our love and attatchment to them. We love our children 
so much that it hurts us to think of their going out 
into the world of temptation and sin. How much more 
must our Father grieve when we make wrong choices and 
turn from His wisdom to foolishness. 

Our little children are so weak and helpless that 
we are quite strong by comparison. I found myself 
holding a low cupboard door shut with my toe while my 
baby tugged to open It. I knew there were things In 
that cupboard she should not have. I think that some- 
times God holds doors closed for us. 

He comforts us and wipes the tears away just like 
we do when a child comes running to us after a "bad 
fall" or a disappointment. 

Children trust their parents and have great admira- 
tion for them. They, think Daddy can do anything — even 
the impossible. We should trust our Saviour and come 
to Him when things need fixing and our plans get upset. 
He is the. one who really is able to do anything. 

Children have all the privileges of the home and the 
promise of the inheritance in the end. So do we in 
Christ have precious privileges, promises and the hope 
of life eternal. He gives us "richly all things to 
enjoy. " Let us see that we walk in love as dear chil- 
dren. "Beloved, now are we the sons of God, and It 
doth not yet appear what we shall be: but we know that, 
when he shall appear, we shall be like him; for we shall 
see him as he is." (I John 3:2) — L.C. 



So homesick for Heaven, for Jesus my Friend; 
One look at His face will my heartaches all mend. 
I long for my Saviour , no more here to roam; 
I want to see Jesus and Heaven my home. 

So homesick for Heaven , and yet I must stay; 
There is work to be done for my Saviour today. 
And though I am home sick , yet still I shall be 
So true, faithful, loving, my Savour, to Thee. • 

So homesick for Heaven; I'm so lonesome tonight 
For that heavenly land where God is the light, 
Where- sorrow and sickness shall come nevermore, 
And where we'll see Jesus,, the one we adore. 

So homesick for Heaven, so homesick am I. 
If only I could, to Heaven I'd fly. 
I long for that shore all golden and bright; 
I long for that land where there Is no night. 

So homesick for Heaven where weeping is o'er, 
Where there's happy reunion and parting no more, 
Where together we'll sing with the heavenly throng,. 
The redeemed of all ages, redemption's glad song. 

So homesick for Heaven, that beautiful city, 

With its streets of shining gold and the gate of pearl 

He will call all the righteous that are prepared and 

To come to Him and leave their weary world below. 

So homesick for Heaven, and when He calls us home 
To live with Him, for ever and no more this earth to 

We T ll be with Christ and all the saints for evermore 
And we 1 11 rejoice and be so happy our life here is 

—Lizzie M. Barnhart over * 
Covington, Ohio 


By D. L. Miller —1884 

The city of Jerusalem depends for its supply of water 
upon a number of artificial reservoirs, constructed for 
storing large quantities of water, and the many cisterns 
to be found in every part of the city. Nearly every 
house has at least one and some of them as many as four 
cisterns beneath them, into which the rain water from 
the roofs and courts is carried and kept for use during 
the dry season when the rains do not fall* 

In ancient times, so great was the population of 
Jerusalem that immense reservoirs or pools, as they were 
called, were constructed, into which the surface drain- 
age as well as the waters of springs and fountains were 
collected and kept for use, and we may form some idea of 
the number of the inhabitants of the olden city when we 
see the number and extent of these pools. Most of them 
are not now used, some are in ruins, whilst others, hav- 
ing withstood the ravages of time, are yet in a good 
state of preservation although they were, without doubt, 
constructed many centuries before the beginning of the 
present era. 

Solomon 1 s Pools 

These pools, although some eight miles distant from 
the city, entered into the system of water works con- 
structed at great cost by the ancient Jews so that 
Jerusalem might have an unfailing supply of water. A 
conduit or aqueduct connected the fountains of these 
enormous ponds with the Haram, and the water was used to 
supply the temple. They are situated about two miles 
southwest of Bethlehem in a valley called Urtas. It 
slopes rapidly to the east, and the pools are built 
nearly one above another on the abrupt rise of the val- 

The name Solomon r s pools Is based on Ecclesiastes 2: 
4-6. ,r I made great works; I builded me houses; I plant- 
ed me vineyards r I made me gardens and orchards, and I 


planted trees in them of all kinds of fruits: I made 
me pools of water to water therewith the wood that 
bringeth forth trees, 1 ' But we can better understand 
something of their extent and of the vast amount of 
labor employed in their construction by giving the fol- 
lowing dimensions from Dr. Robinson: The highest or 
upper pool is 380 feet long,, 229 feet wide, and 25 feet 
deep in the middle. The middle or central pool lies 
about 50 yards below the upper one and is 423 feet long, 
250 feet wide at the east end, 160 feet at the west end 
(owing to the narrowing of the valley) and is 39 feet 
deep. The lower pool, and the largest of the three, is 
about 80 yards below the central one and is 582 feet 
long, 207 feet wide at the east end, and 148 feet at 
the west end. Dr. Thompson says: "The proportions of 
this lower pool of Solomon are truly royal; nearly 600 
feet long, 200 feet wide and 50 feet deep. When full, 
-it could float the largest ship on the ocean. 11 

Mr. McGarvey visited these pools in 1879 P and accord- 
ing to his calculation, the aggregate surface of the 
three pools is about six and one fourth acres; this, he 
observes, would make a sheet of water or a lake six and 
one fourth acres in extent, with an average depth of 
thirty-eight feet. The walls are very strongly built 
and are covered on the inside with a heavy coating of 
cement, and, notwithstanding the lapse of many cen- 
turies that have come and gone since they were con- 
structed, they are yet in an excellent state of preser- 
vation. Both Mr. McGarvey and Dr. Robinson incline to 
the opinion that these pools are almost certainly the 
work of Solomon. In that case it was on the neighbor- 
ing hills and In the valleys to the east and north of 
the pools that Solomon must have planted the vineyards, 
the orchards, and made the gardens of -all kinds of 
fruit. These pools supplied the water for irrigating 
purposes. The soil in the valleys is very fertile, and 
with plenty of water all of them round about would 
bloom like a garden. 

The water supply for the pools is found in several 
fountains or springs, the waters of which are carried 
by arched water courses into the pools. Mr. McGarvey 


calls attention to the fact (overlooked by most writers) 
that the conduit , by which the water was carried to 
Jerusalem, is connected with these fountains and not 
with the pools, as has been supposed; thus showing 
clearly that the object of the builder of these great 
reservoirs was to store water for the purpose of irri- 
gation* In addition to the water collected from the 
fountains , a great amount of water must have been se- 
cured from surface drainage. During the rainy season 
the hillsides poured their waters down into the valley, 
which, like a huge gutter, emptied them into ponds be- 

The conduit or aqueduct for carrying the water to 
Jerusalem was constructed by cutting a bench around the 
sides of hills for it. Then flat stones were laid down, 
forming a foundation. On them the earthen pipes, eight 
inches in diameter, were laid, their ends fitting into 
one another, and were made perfectly tight by cement. 
The pipes were then covered with rough stones laid In 
cement. The conduit still carries water as far as 
Bethlehem, where it is used by the public. As we rode 
from Bethlehem to Jerusalem, we could trace the course 
of the aqueduct quite plainly. In many places the 
earthen water pipes are only slightly covered with 
stones. That portion of the conduit between the two 
last-named cities has not been used for a number of 

For many centuries these remarkable cisterns con- 
structed by Israel's wise king were. entirely lost to 
human knowledge and were not known to exist . They were 
discovered only in comparatively recent times by pil- 
grims to the Holy Land. 

The Birket-es-Sultan, or Lower Pool of Gihon 

This immense reservoir or basin lies to the west of 
Jerusalem in the Valley of Gihon and so close to the 
city that the ancient walls of ZIon must have over- 
looked the waters of the pool. It was formed by build- 
ing two walls across the valley from east to west, 526 
feet apart. The intervening space was excavated to the 


rocky sides of the valley, these forming the side walls 
of the imposing structure. Mr, McGarvey, in his ex- 
cellent work on the Lands of the Bible , says: "The 
southern wall of the pool is 275 feet long and is built 
in the solid rock of the valley , which slopes down 
gradually from each side. From the top of the wall in 
the middle to the rock in the bottom of the valley is 
fifty feet. . . 

. . . The thickness of the wall at the top is twenty- 
five feet, but on the lower side it is strengthened by 
buttresses twenty-five feet long and twenty-three feet 
wide* In this part, where the pressure of the water 
was greatest, the entire thickness of the wall is 
forty-eight feet and at the bottom fifty-seven and one- 
half feet. . . The entire area of this pool. is about 
three and one-half acres, with an average depth, when 
clear of deposit, of forty-two and one-half feet in the 
middle from end to -end." • 

These figures give us some idea of the vast extent 
of this reservoir and of the great quantity of water it 
would contain, enough, one might well suppose, to sup- 
ply the wants of the city. On the top of the southern 
wall was laid the aoueduct which conveyed the water 
from Solomon's Pools to the city. The interior of the 
walls was coated with cement and was made watertight. 
The northern wall has fallen to ruins and the bottom of 
the pool /is covered to some depth with deposits of dirt 
and rubbish. During the rainy season, the surface 
drainage from the sides of the valley would pour into 
the pool over the upper wall something like the waters 
running over a mill dam. This pool belongs to the an- 
cient Jewish period and is, perhaps, referred to in the 
Bible in Isaiah 22:9: "And ye gathered together the 
waters of the lower pool." In 2 Chronicles 32:30, it 
is said that Hezekiah "stopped the upper water-course 
of Gihon and brought it straight down to the west side 
of the city of David/ 1 

North of the lower pool and about 750 yards due west 
of the Jaffa Gate is situated the upper pool of Gihon, 
called by the Arabs Birket-el-Mamilla . It is, according 


to Baedeker, 316 feet long from north to south and 194 
feet wide, with an average depth of nineteen feet. It 
lies in the midst of a Moslem burial ground and re- 
ceives the surface drainage from a considerable slope 
of the receding hills. The walls are crumbling and the 
cement is falling off. It is connected with the pool 
of Hezekiah, before referred to, by a conduit so that 
its waters could be drained into the latter reservoir. 
Reference is made to it in 2 Kings 18:17: "And when 
they were come up, they came and stood by the conduit 
of the upper pool, which is in the highway of the 
fuller's field." The conduit comes to the surface 
near the Jaffa Gate, and here, no doubt, is the point 
to which reference is made in the passage of Scripture 
just quoted. 

— From Letters from Bible Lands 


Last month's question: 

Why was it wrong for King David to number the people 
of Israel and Judah as recorded in II Samuel 24? Could 
we commit a similar trespass today? 


In II Samuel 24 it appears that God moved David to 
number the people, but in I Chronicles 21rl we read: 
u And Satan stood up against Israel and provoked David 
to number Israel.' 1 So we see from this verse that God 
was only permitting Satan to tempt David. There was 
nothing wrong in numbering the people if God had or- 
dered it as He once ordered Moses to do it, but David 
took too much authority on himself and acted in an ar- 
rogant and dictatorial manner. Then, too, David num- 
bered the people to prepare for conquest that God had 
not ordered. Also it was against the constitution and 
usurped the rights of the people.. 

— Guy Hootman 

According to Joab's words, (verse 3)> King David must 


have had some proud motive in finding out how many 
people were in his kingdom and how large an army he 
could command. Perhaps his thoughts ran a little like 
King Nebuchadnezzar's when he boasted, "'Is not this 
great Babylon, that I have built for the house of the 
kingdom by the might of . my power, and for the honour 
of my majesty?" Perhaps David began to rely on his 
great army and not- so much on God* Jeremiah 17:5 says, 
"Thus saith the Lord; Cursed be the man that t'rusteth 
in man, and maketh flesh his arm, and whose heart de- 
parteth from the Lord." Whenever we rely on our own 
strength to deliver us from our trials, we are sure to 
fail* We don ! t have the situation of King David but 
we can have the same temptation. This is the .sin of 
pride in our own strength and the numbers of men on our 
side and, as Brother Guy writes, presumptious disobedi- 
ence and going, ahead without the command or will of 
God in whose hands we are held and protected. — L.C. 

This month's question: 

What do you answer when others ask why our people 
dress different from the. current fashions? What Scrip- 
tures could you use? What is meant in Jude 23 > "... 
".♦, hating even^the garment spotted by the flesh.."? 

Send ;rour comment on this question or send a question 
of your own to The Pilgrim, 

CHILDREN* S PAGE (continued from page 16) 

falls, springs, rivers and "brooks, flowers, ferns, 
majestic trees, birds of all descriptions, animals 
that were tame — everything peaceful — the best of food 
to eat, tasty &nd full flavored. Pm sure that we've 
never tasted anything to compare with the fruit Adam 
and his wife had in that beautiful garden that God 
made. Wouldn't you like to live in a place like that? 

, — Rudolph Cover 


The 2nd chapter of Genesis tells us how God did 
some of the things that are told about in chapter 1. 
God formed man out of the dust of the earth, and then 
God breathed into man the breath of life and man became 
a living soul. Man was made in the image or the form 
of God, He was God's highest creation on this earth, 

God wanted the man that He had formed to have a 
beautiful place to live so He planted a garden — not a 
garden like we think of — but a place in which were all 
kinds of trees that were pleasant to look at with flow- 
ers of all colors and shapes, fragrant and of great 
beauty; foliage that would give shade , all kinds of 
fruit trees so that the man could have something to 
eat. In this wonderful place there was a river which 
watered the garden, and it was so large that it divided 
into four rivers that went out in different directions* 
It must have been a very large place indeed! So God 
took the man and placed him in this beautiful place to 
live and to take care of the garden. 

And God made all the animals and birds out of the 
ground and brought them to the man, Adam, and whatever 
Adam called them, that was its name. How would you 
like to name all the birds and animals? I think I 
would run out of names, wouldn't you? 

Adam must have been a pretty busy man with all the 
garden to care for and naming the animals, but with 
all this, Adam got lonesome. God had made male and 
female of all the animals, but for Adam there was no 
mate. So God caused Adam to go to sleep. Then He took 
out of Adam one of his ribs and closed up the flesh so 
that it would heal up nice and smooth. Out of this rib 
of Adam God made a wife for Adam. She was a beautiful 
woman that Adam could love and talk with — one who could 
help him to enjoy the wonderful place that God .had 
made for them to live in. 

This place was called the Garden of Eden. The Bible 
says that there was mist that went up to water the 
whole face of the earth. I suppose there were water 

(Continued on page 15) 


VOL. 20 APRIL & MAY, 1973 NOS. 4 & 5 

"Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain 
from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul." 1 Peter 2:11 

Come j my soul, to Calvary, 

And see the man who died for thee, 

Upon the accursed tree. 
Behold the Saviour* s agony, 
While groaning- in Gethsemane, 

Beneath the sins of men. 

With purple robe and thorny crown, 
And mocking soldiers bowing down, 

The Saviour bears my shame. 
Behold, they shed His precious blood, 
01 hear Him cry, "My God, my God, 

Hast Thou forsaken me? n 

Now He who died on Calvary 

Still lives to plead for you and me, 

And bids us look and live. 
He sits upon the throne of grace, 
And bids the helpless seek His face, 

Oh I sinner y come today. 

Soon He who once was scourged and bound, 
Shall come again with glory crowned , 

And reign forevermore. 
His saints shall crown. Him Lord of all; 
Before Him every foe shall fall, 

And every knee shall bow. 

Selected from Spiritual Hymns 

THE PILGRIM is a religious magazine published in the interests of the 
members of the Old Brethren Church. Subscription rate: $2.00 per year. Sample copies sent free 
on request. Publishing Editor: Leslie Cover; Consulting Editor: Daniel F. Wolf. 


At this lovely time of the year when all creation is 
surging with new life, Jesus arose from the grave by 
His own mighty power, left the regions of the dead, 
took His body from the grave, and again by 
the commandment of His Father in heaven, (John 10:18) 
11 Being seen of them forty days, and speaking of the 
things pertaining to the kingdom of God." (Acts 1:3) 
It was the most momentous act, the greatest victory 
over death the world had ever known since the creation, 
unfolding the great drama of forgiveness of sin, that 
all mankind who will can have life eternal through 
Jesus Christ our Lord. 

He brought the promise that all mankind will be res- 
urrected from the dead to face eternal judgment, and 
will give eternal life to those whom He judges worthy 
of it; and to grant to His faithful followers to ever 
be with Him, and sit upon His Throne. "To him that 
overcometh will I grant to sit with me in my throne, 
even as I also overcame, and am set down with my Father 
in his throne." (Revelation 3:21) 

He commands His followers to spread the Word, and He 
has power to speak, for He says: "All power is given 
unto me in heaven and in earth. Go ye therefore, and 
teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the 
Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost: Teach- 
ing them to observe all things whatsoever I have com- 
manded you: and, lq, I am with you alway, even unto 
the end of the world. Amen." (Matthew 28:18-20) 

So down through the ages from that time to the pres- 
ent this glorious resurrection, and all His words of 
life, are still proclaimed and observed, for some of 
His faithful followers will still be here when He comes 
again as they saw Him go. 

This promise of the resurrection merges into the 
first and second resurrections, and as Jesus says: 



"Marvel not at this: for the hour is coming, in the 
which all that are in their graves shall hear his 
voice, and shall come forth; they that have done good, 
unto the resurrection of life; and they that have done 
evil, unto the resurrection of damnation." (John 5:28- 


This surging life comes from God and spreading to 
man kindles a glow — even on this old world of ours — 
that will never be extinguished for it enters into the 
hearts of true' disciples of Jesus. Heaven and earth 
will p&ss away with a great noise, but not before 
Edenic beauty blooms again upon this earth when Jesus 
shall reign a thousand years, when the resurrection of 
all the saints meet with their Redeemer never to part 
again, and the rampage of evil is done away. Life and 
death will be separated for evermore, each going its own 
way by the decree of God Almighty at the great Judgment 
Day. All sin and evilness go with death and hell to 
the second death. All the good and righteous ones go 
into everlasting life. "And whosoever was not found 
written in the book of life was cast into the lake of 
fire." (Revelation 20rl5) A complete separation of 
good and evili 

life, the mystic way of living, 

The Hand of God so freely giving; 
He takes good care of all His blessings 

And gives His own His kind caressings. 

life shown forth by Christ our Saviour, 
Who gives us. grace to gain His favor; 

When we were down in deep despairing, 
He showed His love by kindly caring. 

And so He came to earthly dwelling, 

Began the work of sin dispelling; 
Poured out His power of precious healing, 

Sick, blind, and lame His presence feeling. 

life, He went about dispensing, 
And the great power of evil fencing: 

Set bounds upon this evil station 
And offers life to every nation. 


Came to the cross as our Defender 

And challenged death for its surrender; 

Walked in the halls of death victorious 
And made His Resurrection glorious. 

And now all power to Him is given , 

He rules supreme in earth and heaven; 
n The Judge of all the earth 11 His title , 
For what He says alone is vital. 

life is now so freely flowing, 

Unto the universe is going: 
For Jesus is our King forever, 

The great and wonderful Lifegiver. 

— J. I. Cover 

Sonora, California 


Did you ever watch snowflakes and think of the mys- 
ticism of them? Sometimes' they fall lazily and gently. 
At other times they seem driven and forceful. But al- 
ways they fall silently. Scientists say they have never 
found two alike. Yet we know that there are millions 
of them. Think of the way they fall, thick and fast, 
sometimes melting, sometimes building up rapidly. And 
to think that there can be found no two exactly alike I 
It is absolutely amazing. They reveal the splendor of 
a power much greater than we; much greater than anything 
we can comprehend. 

It is known that all snowf lakes have six points. 
There are many patterns which make up snowflakes. Some 
are beautiful elaborate masterpieces, while others are 
elegant in their simplicity. They all have their own 
distinctive' characteristics, yet are on common grounds 
because of their six points, the material with which 
they are made, and their source of creation. 

In many ways, snowflakes are like people. We look 
at people and know and recognize them for their dis- 
tinctive features, size or color. Some people are 


strikingly beautiful, while others are quite plain- 
looking. However, looks aren r t everything. As a mat- 
ter of fact, outward beauty means very little. Yet, 
despite our differences, we are all on common grounds, 
because God made us all in His own image, God has also 
given us talents. We are all created from dust, and 
God is our Creator. There is yet another character be- 
longing to all people, though not of beauty. It is 
man's tendency to do evil. It is how we tolerate or 
resist this tendency which determines how God accepts 

All these factors summed up gives each of us an in- 
dividuality which, in itself, is beautiful. Thus, we 
all have some form of beauty, just like the snowflakes. 

Some humans float lazily through life, drifting 
whithersoever they will. These are the lazy falling 
snowflakes which usually melt on contact, leaving no- 
thing more than a spot. Others seem forceful and driv- 
en, having real purpose. These are the ones that build 
up, accomplish things, and get somewhere in life. There 
are many of each kind, so different, and yet so alike. 

We know that snowflakes seem to have no real purpose. 
They seem like small, insignificant bits of ice. Yet 
it pleased the Lord to place them here. Are we the same 
way, just small insignificant bits of dust, having no 
real purpose? 1 would fain believe we are; yet ft 
pleased the Lord to place us here. Sometimes I wonder 
If He is very sorry that He did so, although it must 
please Him very much to hear us raise our voices In 
praise to Him. 

God placed us here and He could very easily take us 
away. This gives us great responsibility. 

We know many people who do hot love the Lord, But 
do we do anything about it? "Therefore; to him that 
knoweth to do good, and doeth it not, to him it is sin, n 
But so often we are ashamed to say anything about our 
Lord and Master, Why? It was not shame for us that 
sent God's only Son to die, but love . 

Shouldn't we then, with- the love of the Father, show 
them God ! s mercy and justice, before it is too late? 


If we think we cannot , or are embarrassed to try, the 
love of the Father must not be in us. If we do not 
make use of our opportunities, and these souls pass 
from this life without being saved, is it not partly 
our fault? 

We as young people don't think so much about these 
things, but sometimes it is young people who can get 
next to people when the older ones can't. Perhaps we 
don't think about these things because we were raised 
upon them and they were ever around us. However we can 
learn about these things by studying them. Our parents 
have tried to make this easier by supplying for us a 
school where these things are held in reverence and the 
teachers live in the fear of God, and impart to the 
students those things which are holy. 

We should be like the majestic snowflakes. No, like 
our Majestic Lordl -Janice Royer 

Goshen, Indiana 
(This essay was originally published in the Southwest 
Christian School paper.) 


Why was it wrong for King David to number the people 
of Israel and Judah as recorded in II Samuel 24? Could 
we commit a similar trespass today? 


My thinking is that King David alloived himself to be 
influenced by the adversary, and in this instance 
showed some inclination of putting his confidence in 
numbers rather than in the Lord. 

I most assuredly think the same trespass could, and 
' probably is, made today. There is an hymn in the old 
hymn book along that line, a few verses of which es- 
pecially bear this thought. 

Verse 4: Encompassed by a throng, 
On numbers they depend; 


They think so many can't be wrong 
And miss a happy end. 

Verse 5? But numbers are no mark 

That men will right be found; 
A few were saved in Noah's ark > 
For many millions drown 1 d. 

Verse 6r Obey the gospel call, 

And enter while you may; 
The flock of Christ remains still small, 
And none are safe but they. 

— Elmer Brovont 
Ro ssville , Indiana 

In response to your invitation for reader comment 
on the census ordered by King David as recorded in II 
Samuel 24 I offer the following: 

First , I have been unable to discover where. the 
Bible tells why it was wrong for David to do this. 
However it is evident that both King David and Joab, 
his military commander-in-chief, understood that it was 
wrong and sinful. Also David surely knew that the suc- 
cess of God's program did not depend on an abundance of 
physical resources or of numerical superiority. 

In view of these conclusions It would appear that 
David's motive was selfish or that he placed his own 
ambitions above the will of God. 

If these observations are valid then we could indeed 
commit a similar trespass today. Let us pray for wis- 
dom to discern our real motives and for grace to over- 
come self. 

Let us also consider what our condition would be if 

we were to receive judgment at once as David AND his 

people did in this case. 

— Harold Royer 

Goshen, Indiana 

I believe it was wrong for King David to number the 
people of Israel as it showed the king's concern for 

his "fleshly" strength instead of relying on God. 

"Cursed is the man that trusteth in man and maketh 
flesh his arm." 


We too need to be careful in this present age, for 
we are constantly making decisions to a lesser degree 
whether we are relying on the Lord or man. It becomes 
us to be prayerful, asking the Lord to guide and keep 
us in His way whereby He is able to give us necessary 
protection. —Amos Baker 

Maple, Ontario 


What do you answer when others ask why our people 
dress different from the current fashions? What Scrip- 
tures could you use? What is meant in Jude 23, l! . . . 
hating even the garment spotted by the flesh,"? 


While the scriptures do not lay down specific instruc- 
tions for a uniform manner of dress, some general prin- 
ciples are given. Women are instructed to wear "modest 
apparel" not plaited or broided hair, gold, pearls, or 
costly array (see I Timothy 2:9-10 and I Peter 3:3-4). 
From I Corinthians 11, we also learn that it is God's 
order for men to pray with their heads uncovered and 
women to pray with their heads covered. While some peo- 
ple have interpreted this to mean women should have long 
hair, the brethren have felt that an actual covering is 
called for. In addition we feel that it is proper that 
a woman wear this covering at all times as a sign of her 
submission to God's order. 

Through the years a uniform mode of dress has evolved 
among the brethren for several reasons. At first, of 
course-, the desire was that members be dressed* in mod- 
est apparel. As the fashions became anything but modest 
it was natural that there came to be marked differences 
in the dress of Christians and non-Christians. Being 
set apart in dress from others, it was natural that the 
brethren dress in a similar fashion to identify with one 
another. By usage this gradually evolved to the present 
mode of dress. Results of the plain dress were a closer 
unity of believers and the identifying of the individual 
as setting himself apart for a life dedicated to the 
Lord's service. 


Over t£e years the uniformity of dress has served the 
brethren well, but there are some dangers to it. First 
of all there is the danger that one may take pride in 
the wearing of the uniform itself; that is, he may have 
an attitude that because he is wearing it he is better 
than an individual who does not. This was the attitude 
of the scribes and the Pharisees which Christ condemned 
(see Matthew 23:2-7). Secondly, we must not fall into 
the trap of letting our "uniform be our witness" . 
Clothes in themselves are no witness at all. Paul in 
instructing Timothy says, "Study to shew thyself ap- 
proved unto God, a workman that needeth not to be a- 
shamed, rightly dividing the word of truth," (II Timothy 
2:15) "And the servant of the Lord must not strive; but 
be gentle unto all men, apt to teach, patient, in meek- 
ness instructing those that oppose themselves; if God 
peradventure will give them repentance to the acknowl- 
edging of the truth; And that they may recover them- 
selves out of the snare of the devil, who are taken cap- 
tive by him at his will." (II Timothy 2:24-26) The wit- 
ness of a Christian is therefore not clothes but an at- 
titude of being ever ready to gently instruct another in 
the way of salvation. 

The greatest danger of all, however, is the danger 
that a mode of dress not given in the scriptures become 
mandatory for admittance to the body of believers. It 
would certainly seem contrary to the mind of Christ to 
take a man-made custom or ordinance and make it a test 
of fellowship for believers. However, it would be e- 
qually wrong for Christians to follow after the fashions 
of the world. 

Concerning the statement of Jude 23, Jude instructs, 
"And of some have compassion, making a difference: And 
others save with fear, pulling them out of the fire; 
hating even the garment spotted by the flesh." (Jude 22, 
23) Jude here is teaching that we are to be ready at 
all times to teach sinners the way of salvation so that 
they will not perish. However, in doing this we are 
warned to hate "the garment spotted by the flesh". 
While this certainly applies to immodest apparel, it 
would seem that it applies in a more general sense to 


the whole unregenerate nature of the sinner. In other 
words, we are being warned not to be taken in by sinful 
deeds or actions in any form so that we ourselves do not 

In conclusion, it would seem to be apparent that 
God's people are called to be clothed in modest apparel, 
but. more importantly in the meekness and gentleness of 
a changed Christ-like life. Uniformity of plain dress 
has been a natural result of turning away from the im- 
morality of the world and a desire of believers for uni- 
ty. In this sense it has been advantageous, but believ- 
ers must be on guard that it not become a source of 
pride to themselves or a stumbling block to others in 
search of Christ, 

--Glen W. Shirk, M.D. 
Modesto, California 

The fashions of the world are designed by sinful men 
to be pleasing to the carnal nature. This is in direct 
opposition to the will of God who intends for the 
clothes to cover the body, not to display it. Neither 
is it pleasing in God's sight for us to wear clothing 
for show or pride. However, one of the chief aims of 
the fashion designers is to encourage pride. 

In Matthew 7:15-20 it speaks of knowing men by their 
fruits j and makes the comparison by asking if we would 
11 seek grapes of thorns or figs of thistles," Now if we 
were seeking figs, the first thing we would look for 
would be the outward appearance of the tree, If it 
looked like a thistle, we wouldn't even look on it for 
figs. I believe that this applies in our lives. If 
we aren't dressed in plain and modest clothing, then 
someone seeking for the truth will not come to us to 
find it because our outward appearance would deny that 
we have it. 

The same would apply in the dress of our children. 

If they are dressed after the fashions of the world, 

I fear it shows that the parents lack conviction that 

this is wrong. _ _ 

— James Beery 

Mulberry, Indiana 


This month* s question: 

What does Jesus mean by "every idle word" in Matthew 

Send your comment on this question or send a question 
of your own to The Pilgrim* 

"Behold the Lamb of God, which taketh away the sin 
of the world." With this introduction John the Baptist 
identified Jesus before the people. One writer comment- 
ed: "The people knew what this meant. They knew that a 
lamb meant a sacrifice." Perhaps all Israelites brought 
sacrifices to the temple. Though the poor brought only 
doves or pigeons, perhaps they dreamed of a time when 
they could afford a lamb for an offering to God. The 
lamb was the proper and best offering. 

Jesus did come as the Lamb of God. Peter writes , 
" were not redeemed with corruptible things... But 
with the precious blood of Christ , as of a lamb without 
blemish and without spot." Can we remember Him hanging 
there on Calvary,: the perfect Lamb of God dying for our 
sins? "Who his own self bare our sins in his own body 
on the tree, that we, being dead to sins, should live 
unto righteousness: by whose stripes ye were healed." 
(I Peter 2r24) 

We are not used to offering a lamb because that is 
done away. Since Jesus came as a sacrifice for us, He 
now wants us to present our bodies a living sacrifice. 
He can use our bodies here in the world if our hearts 
belong to Him.. He has a right to ask this because He 
has purchased His Church with His own blood. — L*C* 

Behold the Saviour of mankind 

Nailed to the shameful tree! 
How vast the love that Him inclined 

To bleed and die for thee I 

Brother Stanley and Sister Janice Brubaker were re- 
ceived into our fellowship Saturday evening, March 24 • 

—Elmer Brovont 




By D. L. Miller —1884 

Returning to the city wall from our visit to the 
tombs of the kings and taking the road that leads down 
the side of the Valley of Jehoshaphat, we. cross the 
stony bed of Kidron- by an arched bridge and reach. the 
foot of the Mount of Olives. 

The day is bright and clear , the air warm. and balmy, 
and a gentle breeze sweeps over the hills and valleys 
of Judah and Benjamin — just such a day as one might 
well select upon which to visit this mountain, of all 
the mountains in the world the most interesting—a day 
for meditation, for thought and for reflection. It is 
a day that Is indelibly stamped upon our memories and 
one that will be the last to fade away when earth's 
memories grow dim. How many sacred events associate 
themselves with the slopes of Olivet I To visit the 
Garden of Gethsemane, where our blessed Master suffered 
in agony all alone for our sins, to tread the pathway 
to Bethany, over which He so often .walked, to the home 
of His friend Lazarus, to stand on the summit of the 
mount and to know that from some spot in sight He as- 
cended Into the clouds of heaven to a seat on the right 
hand of the Father, is to experience feelings that come 
to us at no other place in this world* 

The Mount of Olives is a high ridge running parallel 
with Mount Moriah and separated from it by the deep, 
narrow Valley of Jehoshaphat, through which flows the 
Kidron* It has an average height of about 2600 feet a- 
bove the sea. The top is broken into several eminences 
by low depressions. The center peak or eminence is 
2637 feet above the level of the Mediterranean and is 
196 feet higher than the "temple area. The distance be- 
tween the two places is about half a mile, taking the 
descent of the valley into account. On the sides of 
the mountain are a number of olive and fig trees. 


After crossing over Kidron, our party dismounts; and 
walking a few steps north of the road, we reach the 
Greek Chapel, supposed to mark the site of the tomb of 
the Virgin, The church is in a cave, or grotto, and is 
reached by descending a handsome flight of steps, forty- 
seven in number. It is the property of the Greek Chris- 
tians and is, probably, the oldest Christian church. in 
the world. As we entered the chapel, the priests were 
performing the morning service and burning incense. 
There was a tinkling of bells and a chanting of the 
service in a kind of monotone, long drawn out, that had 
a peculiar but not unpleasant sound* The room was 
filled with the smoke and odor of incense, which was 
almost stifling to us, and we were glad to escape to 
the fresh air. above. The place is full of legends con- 
nected with the early history of Christianity, but most 
of them are entirely unworthy of repetition. 

South of the Tomb of the, Virgin is the Garden of 
Gethsemane . 

"When Jesus had spoken these words, He went forth 
with His disciples over the brook Cedron, where was a 
garden, into which He entered, and His disciples. And 
they came to a place which, was named Gethsemane. 11 (John 
18:1; Luke 14:32) The tradition/ which locates the gar- 
den at this place is very old. Eusebius, Bishop of 
Caesarea, speaks of the garden as well known, and Jerome 
gives the same testimony. Many modern writers accept 
this as the scene of the agony. At the present time it 
is inclosed by a stone wall built by the Franciscan 
monks in 1847 and contains about one-third of an acre 
of ground. In the garden are eight very old and very 
large olive trees. Their trunks are gnarled and -twisted 
and are mere shells with holes through them, showing 
evidence of their great age. 

We entered the garden by a door through the wall, 
opened by one of the monks, who was made extremely po- 
lite by the gift of a piece of money. We walked around 
its well-kept beds of flowers and rested under the 
shade of its old olive trees. Here we reflect, as we 
linger around the scene of the sufferings of our Lord, 


upon the agony of that dreadful hour. Here "He trod the 
'■tfine-press alone; here, or, at least, not far from here, 
He endured that 'agony and bloody sweat 1 which was con- 
nected with the redemption of the world: and here in 
submission He prayed, '0 my Father, if this cup may not 
pass away from Me, except I drink it, Thy will be done.'" 
Ah, who can comprehend the full significance of that 
hour of suffering? We cannot understand it, yet we do 
know that it was for our sins that He bore the heavy 
burden . 

'Tis midnight; in the garden now 

The suffering Savior prays alone. 

*Tis midnight; and from all removed, 
The Savior wrestles lone with fears; 
E'en that disciple whom He loved 
Heeds not his Master's grief and tears. 

'Tis midnight; and for others' guilt 
The Man of Sorrows weeps in blood; 
Yet He that hath in anguish knelt 
Is not forsaken by His God. 

Such thoughts as these fill the mind, and while we are 
thankful to God for the privilege of standing in these 
oacred places, yet there comes over us a solemn sadness 
as we meditate upon this scene of agony. 

As we came away from the garden, the Franciscan gave 
us a little bouquet of flowers and a few sprigs from an 
olive branch growing at the foot of one of the old trees. 

We ride away from Gethsemane and ascend the slope of 
the mountain by one of three paths leading over its sum- 
mit. "We took the one to the left, and it was this one 
that King David ascended when he fled from his rebel- 
lious son Absalom. "And David went v • by the ascent of 
Mount Olivet, and wept as he went up, and had his head 
covered, and he went barefoot: and ail the people that 
were with him covered every man his head, and they went 
up, weeping as they went up." (2 Samuel 15:30) We 
thought of this sad and mournful procession as we "went 
up" and of the sorrowing king walking barefoot over the 
stony path as he fled from his own son. 


The hillside was covered with beautiful flowers in 
full bloom and a number of olive trees add a pictur- 
esque beauty to the scene. On the top of the mountain 
is a church said to have been built on the spot from 
which our Savior ascended and called the Church of 
Ascension. This, like many other legends abounding 
here , is entirely without historical proof. For a 
small fee we were allowed to ascend to the tower, from 
which we had a most wonderful and delightful view. The 
city of Jerusalem lies seemingly at our feet. The 
Temple Platform, the Mosque of Omar, the Church of the 
Holy Sepulchre, the Tower of David and many other places 
of interest in the Holy City are to be seen. Here one 
gets the very best view of Jerusalem, A few miles 
northwest rises Mizpeh, while to the south and south- 
west are the hills of Bethlehem, Eastward the view is 
bounded by the blue mountains of Moab, at whose base to 
the south is to be seen the dark water of the Dead Sea 
and a portion of the Jordan Valley, and so clear is the 
atmosphere and so deceptive the distances that, although 
the Dead Sea is twenty-eight miles away, as you look 
down upon it, for it is 1500 feet below where we stand, 
it does not appear to be more than ten miles away. 

We rode down the west side of the mountain towards 
Bethany, which is now an Arab village with a few strag- 
gling buildings, and then turned back towards the city 
by the pathway so often trod by our Savior and over 
which He rode into the city on the foal of an ass. The 
city suddenly loomed up before us, and we could well 
believe that as our Savior on that remarkable day saw 
the city from this point, He might well have uttered 
the prophetic words: "If thou hadst known, even thou^ 
at least in this thy day, the things which belong unto 
thy peace I but now they are hid from thine eyes, for 
the days shall come upon thee, that thine enemies shall 
cast a trench about thee, and compass thee around and 
keep thee in on every side." (Luke 19:42,43) 

— From Letters from Bible Lands 





The names of all sixty-six books of the Bible can 
be found among these letters. Sometimes they read 
forward, backward/ up, down or diagonally but always 
in a straight line with letters appearing in order. 
Draw a line around each name of book. 


Selected from The Church Correspondent 

Bible verse to remember: 

The Lord is .on my side; I will not fear: what can 
man do unto me? 

P.s.alms 118:6 


vol. 20 m m, 1973 no, 6 

"Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain 
from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul." 1 Peter 2: 1 1 


Come j Holy Ghost , in love, 
Shed on us from above 

Thine own bright ray! 
Divinely good Thou art: 
Thy sacred gifts impart 
To gladden each sad heart; 

come today! 

Come,. tenderest Friend, and best, 
Our most delightful Guest, 

-.With soothing power; 
Rest, which the weary know, 
Shade, f mid the noontide glow, 
Peace, when deep griefs o ! erf low, 
Cheer us, this hour! 

Come, Light serene, and still 
Our inmost bosoms fill, 

Dwell in each breast; 
We know no dawn but Thine, 
Send forth Thy beams divine, 
On our dark souls to shine, 

And make us blest! 

Come, all the faithful bless; 
Let all who Christ confess 

His praise employ; 
Give virtue's rich reward, 
Victorious death accord, 
And, with our glorious Lord, 

Eternal joy! 

. — John H. Cornell 

THE PI I — GRIM is a religious magazine published in the interests of the 
members of the Old Brethren Church. Subscription rate: $2.00 per year. Sample copies sent free 
on request. Publishing Editor: Leslie Cover; Consulting Editor: Daniel F. Wolf. 


See on the map of Palestine, the Sea of Galilee, the 
Jordan River flowing southward to the Dead Sea and near- 
by is Jericho. To the west and high up in the mountains 
lies the city of Jerusalem. 

From the Sea of Galilee to near the Dead Sea on our 
view the river Jordan is lighted up with the sunshine of 
God ! s mercy and love, for there we hear of John the bap- 
tist, "The voice of one crying in the wilderness. 11 This 
scene was of many people along the river as they came to 
John confessing their sins and were baptised by John, 
who told the people, "I indeed baptise you with water 
unto repentance; but he that cometh after me is mighti- 
er than I, whose shoes I am not worthy to bear: He shall 
baptize you with the Holy Ghost, and with fire. 11 (Mat- 
thew 3:11) From this prophecy and background went a 
stream of light to that place in Jerusalem, in the house 
where the Holy Spirit came down and abode with all that 
were in the house. 

We see spread before us light along the river, light 
along the Sea of Galilee, where Jesus walked and talked 
along the dusty paths and city streets, upon the moun- 
tains, the multitudes following and being healed of 
their diseases. 

We see Jesus coming to John" the Baptist, requesting 
baptism; upon this being accomplished, the Holy Ghost 
came down upon Him in the bodily shape of a dove and 
abode with Him all the way of His life until His death. 
His acquaintance, and companionship with "the Holy Spirit 
was complete and happy. The Holy Spirit was also being 
trained for His place when Jesus went to heaven. This 
condition likewise pointed to the day of Pentecost and 
was a bright, shining shaft of light! 

We see from this side of Pentecost then the land of 
Palestine in that day,, the land and the people lighted 
up by Jesus who said: "I am the light of the world: 


he that followeth me shall not walk in darkness, but 
shall have the ligh t of life ." (John 8:12) This illu- 
mination, the light' of life, beginning when Jesus came 
to earth, points to the time of Pentecost; and even on 
along the decades of years overshadows the land of 
Palestine. At that time like a black and angry cloud 
were the hosts of darkness and a curse resting over the 
whole world. 

While Jesus was here the way of life prevailed as the 
prophecy foretold: "The people that walked in darkness 
have seen a great light ; they that dwell in the land 
of the shadow of death, upon them hath the light shinedjf 
(Isaiah 9:2) 

Behold then at that time: the fair land of Palestine 
underneath the black clouds of the hosts of sin became 
black and gathering for the storm, while Jesus the light 
was in the upper room in communion with His loved ones. 
He points to Pentecost when He says: "Nevertheless I 
tell you the truth; It is expedient for you that I go 
away: for if I go not away, the Comforter will not come 
unto you; but if I depart, I will send Him unto you," 
(John 16:7) 

Yes, in that dark night your Saviour and mine was be- 
trayed — all night in sorrow — *and was treated with shame ♦ 
The next day He was condemned and crucified. Then in- 
deed the darkness came down blotting out in that time 
this painful, shameful deed of the crucifixion. The 
hosts of evil seemed triumphant, but on the power of 
evil descended a deep sense of. apprehension, for where 
was Jesus going? He would not come down from the cross, 
He never did obey the devil, but held steadfast and true 
to His divine purpose. Nov; the words of John became 
fulfilled when he pointing cried, "Behold the Lamb of 
God , that taketh away the sin of . the World ." 

The evil, furious mob led by Satan had cried, "Cruci- 
fy him, crucify him," and then later mocking said, "Come 
down from the cross that we may see and believe." 
blind man I He who healed the sick and raised the dead; 
He who never told a lie, when bound and led away said, 
"Thinkest thou that I cannot now pray to my Father, and 


he shall presently give me more than twelve legions of 
angels? But how then shall the scriptures be fulfilled, 
that thus it must be?" (Matthew 26:53,54) 

No j His purpose was true and steady "To save them to 
the uttermost that come unto God by him, seeing he ever 
liveth to make intercession for them, 1 * (Hebrews 7:25) 
This high and noble purpose was fulfilled. Yes, dark- 
ness descended to the lowest place and black indeed was 
the background of Pentecost! 

.Our dying Lord cast off the robe of flesh and met 
death on its own terms , treading the halls of death 1 s 
prison and bringing a ray of hope to the hopeless, for 
He went and preached to the spirits in prison. (I Peter 
3:19,20) His eternal person remained secure, at the 
bidding of our heavenly Father to lay down His life and 
take it again, (John 10:18) No power in heaven or earth 
could hold Him, who now has the keys of death and hell. 
(Revelation 1:18) 

The power of blackness and darkness was broken. 
Jesus in His august and mighty power came and took His 
body to Himself , perhaps without breaking the Roman 
seal, for when the mighty angel rolled away the stone, 
the men in white said: "He is not here; come see the 
place where the Lord lay." 

The dazzling brightness that caused the watching 
soldiers to become as dead men drove the dispelling 
darkness from the grave; and the echoing words of Jesus 
will be fulfilled - forevermore: " Because 'I live, ye 
s hall live also ." (John 14:19) 

Ah yes! part of the background of Pentecost is the 
Light of Life, for He says: "And I will pray the Father, 
and. he shall give you another Comforter, that he may 
abide with you forever; even the Spirit of truth; whom 
the world cannot receive, because it seeth him not,' 
neither knoweth him: but ye know him; for he dxvelleth 
with you, and shall be in you." (John 14:16,1?) Present 
bliss, future bliss; pointing to the true and the deep 
'enduring indwelling of the Holy Spirit from the great 
day of Pentecost. 

Truly did Jesus on meeting His disciples after His 
resurrection say: "Peace be unto you: as my Father has 


sent me, even se send I you," And when He had said this 
He breathed on them, and sayeth unto them, " Receive ye 
the Holy Ghost ." 

Before Jesus ascended to heaven we read: "And, being 
assembled together with them, commanded them that they 
should not depart from Jerusalem, but wait for the pro- 
mise of the Father, which, saith he, ye have heard of 
me. For John truly baptized with water; but ye shall 
be baptized with the Holy Ghost not many days hence." 
(Acts 1:4,5) 

All the redeeming work of Jesus, all His precious 
words likewise, was a background of Pentecost. 

Pentecost fully came* upon all that were in the house 
the Holy Spirit came as a rushing mighty wind; cloven 
tongues of fire appeared on them, and I believe they 
were all baptized with the Holy Ghost and with fire, the 
cloven tongues a witness of the baptism of fire. 

Nov/ imbued with the same Holy Ghost as their leader 
King Jesus, could they go with emboldened, enlivened 
power from on High, They were now endued with power and 
mightily transformed, their minds completely renewed, 
living witnesses of Jesus. 

Here was put in divine action all the sayings of 
Jesus pertaining to eternal life. Now they could all 
join with the dearly beloved apostle John and say: 
"That which was from the beginning, which we have heard, 
which we have seen with our eyes, which we have looked 
upon, and our hands have handled, of, the Word of l ife ; 
(For the life was manifested, and we have seen It, and 
bear witness, and shew unto you that eternal life, which 
was with the Father, and was manifested unto us;) That 
which we have seen and heard declare we unto you, that 
ye also may have fellowship with us: and truly our fel- 
lowship is with the Father, and his Son Jesus Christ." 
(I John 1:1-3) 

May this blessed state and divine fellowship descend 
also upon us now living in the later days, when soon may 
be the glorious appearing of our Father, and the Lord 
Jesus Christ. Then the great Pentecostal era and time 
of the ages may close when all the living, loving ones 


still faithful unto death, still joined to and accom- 
panied by the Holy Spirit be safely conducted to our 
eternal Home. 

Background of Pentecostal fame, 
The time our great Redeemer came; 

John Baptist's work had now begun, 
Baptizing, pointing to the Son. 

The Lamb of God who takes away 
The sin from Adam's sorrow day; 

Sin of the world, its day is done 
For all who will confess the Son. 

So John baptized the men of sin 

Who sorrowed from their souls within; 

"Get ready now, 11 I tell you, "for 
A greater Man is at your door. 

"Not worthy me His shoes to hold, 
For I am young, but He is old; 

Before the World was made or dried, 
He liveth near His Father's side. 

"He helped create the first new pair, 
For man the Father's image bear; 

The world and living small and great 
Are creatures of His vast estate. 

"With x^ater you I now baptize. 

The Son of God comes from the skies; 
I now baptise Him that He bless, 

And we fulfill all righteousness." 

The Holy Spirit rests on Him 

And stays until the lights are dim. 

And Jesus dying, In His death, 

Bequeaths to us this Living Breath. 

Then at the Pentecostal hour, 
When Jesus manifests His power; 


Baptizes all the gathered host, 

He breathes on them the Holy Ghost, 

Yes, lived He for that greater day 

Till heaven and earth shall pass away; 

This guide, this Comforter is here 
To banish every doubt and fear. 

Look up unto your Lord on high, 

The Spirit links us to the sky; 
Records our life, reproves of sin 

And helps us to the victory win. 

The true background of saved or lost 

Is pointing true to Pentecost; 
Be guided by the Spirit-ray 

That came to earth upon this day. 

Your joy be great as you move on. 

Under His care the night is gone; 
He hears you, knows you, by His love 

And carries all your prayers above. 


He shows ycu how to know the Word 

And be obedient to your Lord, 
And if you sin He lifts you up 

And breathes to you of faith and hope. 

Background, background of Pentecost, 
Our Jesus came to save the lost; 

Spirit, guide us safely home 

To see and know, we cornel we cornel 

— J. I. Cover 

Sonora, California 

We were glad once again when, on April 15, Rachel 
Coning was received into our fellowship (Indiana con- 
gregation) by water baptism. _ Elmer B rovont 



On that historic day when God "shed forth" His Holy 
Spirit on the united , waiting believers, a great force 
or drawing power like a huge magnet was brought to bear 
on the people around. Things began to happen and men 
felt the power of God. 

First, the Spirit acted on the believers themselves* 
The account says, "And they were all filled with the 
Holy Ghost, and began to speak with other tongues, as 
the Spirit gave them utterance ♦ " 

Second, "the multitude came together/' When the 
Spirit filled these believers, other men noticed it. 
They came running from all sides to see what was hap- 
pening. And they were amazed. Some wondered and some 

Third, the Gospel was preached to those who came 
together. No doubt, the preaching of Peter was just 
as much a result (or gift) of the filling of the Holy 
Spirit as was the tongues or languages given to the 
others. He preached a powerful sermon there and used 
Old Testament scriptures to prove what was taking 
place. It was a message of hope to those in peril. 
They had crucified the Holy One of Israel. 

Fourth, many responded to the preaching. They were 
"pricked in their heart" and asked "Men and brethren, 
what shall we do?" Peter had the answer: "Repent, and 
be baptised every one of you In the name of Jesus 
Christ for the remission of sins, and ye shall receive 
the gift of the Holy Ghost. For the promise is unto 
you, and to your children, and to all that are afar 
off, even as many as the Lord our God shall call." 

This promise is good today. In fact, where the 
Holy Spirit operates today, similar results can be 
expected. If we are prepared and waiting, we too can 
be given new utterance — perhaps not a different tongue 
but certainly a different message from that of a man 
who has not the Spirit. When we are changed to new 
creatures with a new message by the operation of the 


Spirit, others will take notice. This may not be so 
dramatic as the multitude running together on that 
great day* But they will take notice, and, as 
then, some will wonder and others will mock. But the 
Spirit will provide a Gospel witness for those who 
inquire, and there will be souls converted and bap- 
tized. This is the work of God's Holy Spirit. 

We may not see the large numbers of souls saved 
today like there were in the early Church. But because 
of the Holy Spirit, the Church is alive today in spite 
of Satan 1 s devices. God is just as powerful now as 
on the day of Pentecost almost two milleniums ago. 
Let us be ready, united and filled with the Spirit. 
In us can be fulfilled Jesus 1 words recorded in John 
7:37 & 38, "If any man thirst, let him come unto me, 
and drink. He that believeth on me, as the scripture 
hath said, out of his belly shall flow rivers of 
living water. ,,: — L.C. 


If a man would be a soldier 

He'd expect, of course, to fight, 

And he couldn't be an author 
If he didn't try to write. 

So it Isn't common logic — 

Doesn't have a real true ring — 

That a man to be a Christian 
Doesn't have to do a thing. 

If a man would be a hunter, 

He must go among the trees; 
And he couldn't be a sailor 

If he wouldn't sail the seas. 

How strange for any member 

Of the Church to think that he 

Can keep aloof from service, 
And a worthy member be. 

Author unknown 
Selected by' Orpha Wagner from Family Life 



What does Jesus mean by "every idle word" in Matthew 


"Idle words." What kind of words are they? They 
are not necessarily evil words, but just words which 
have no worth: useless. They do not contribute towards 
helping or cheering anyone. Of course we should be 
careful of our words, but some people, if they brood 
over their speech, may be fearful and talk very little, 
and thus become dull and uninteresting. Just be sure 
that your desire is to please God by your words as well 
as your actions and you will be at ease, 

"For of the abundance of the heart his mouth speak- 

eth." (Luke 6:45) 

— Guy Hootman 

Salida, California 

We believe Jesus means just what Fie is telling us; 
that every idle word must be accounted for the same as 
all sin. He says, "By thy words thou shalt be justi- 
fied, and by thy words thou shalt be condemned," 

The reason for being judged by our words is because 
they tell what is in the heart. "For of the abun- 
dance of the heart his mouth speaketh." 

We do not believe this means that if through the 
weakness of the flesh we say an idle word, that this is 
what the heart is full of. But if and when we do, we 
immediat ly judge ourselves for it. The apostle Paul, 
In writing to the Corinthian brethren, says, "If we 
judge ourselves, we should not be judged." 

So we need not be condemned on that day if we make 
use of the provision given us. This by no means Is 
just an easy way out. We believe if we rightly judge 
ourselves, it hurts, it humiliates us, it makes us feel 
unworthy to have this privilege. 

We also believe a true Christian does not make a 



RUTH G. PETERS, daughter of Soloman and Hannah 
Cathrine Reist Flora, was born near Flora, Indiana 
February 2?, 1884 and died near Goshen, Indiana April 
18, 1973 at the age of 89 years, 1 month, 21 days. On 
April 12, 1912 she was united in marriage to Ralph 
Peters of lork, Pennsylvania, and he died February 4, 
1927. Early in life she joined the Old German Baptist 
Church and was a member of the Oak Grove district of 
Old Order German Baptist Church near Bradford, Ohio. 

She is survived by two daughters; Mrs. Elmer 
(Miriam) Comstock, New Paris, Indiana; Mrs. Jo Ann 
Guthrie, Elkhart, Indiana; five grandchildren, and 
thirteen great grandchildren; one sister, Mrs. Chloie 
Eikenberry, Flora, Indiana. Two sisters and three 
brothers preceeded her in death: Reuben, Ezra and Ray 
Flora, Mrs." Carrie Moser and Isabel Flora. 

Short services were held at the Lienhart funeral 
home, Wakarusa, Indiana, April 20 and at the German 
Baptist Church by brethren Joseph Lairy, David Grimm and 
Donald Barns. Text used was from St. John 14 with 
hymns 403, 384, 494, 483 and, at the grave, 385. 
Burial was in West Goshen Cemetery. 

The Family 

habit of using idle words. But as the apostle Peter 
instructs us, "As he which hath called you is holy, so 
be ye holy in all manner of conversation." 

— Kenneth Martin 
Nappanee, Indiana 

This month* s question: 

How do we apply to our lives the words of Paul to 
the Corinthians: "Be ye not unequally yoked together 
with unbelievers. . ." (II Corinthians 6:14)? 

Send your comment on this question or send a ques- 
tion of your own to The Pilgrim. We are glad for the 
good answers sent in so far. Perhaps your thoughts may 
be helpful to some other reader. — L.C. 




By D. L. Miller —1884 

Our camping place the first night out of Jerusalem Is 
on the ancient site of Jericho- Nothing now remains of 
the ancient city. A large mound, a few old foundations, 
and the proximity of Elisha 1 s fountain point this out as 
the site of the ancient city of Jericho, 

Jericho, also called in the Bible the City of Palm 
Trees, was the scene of Joshua* s great victory, when the 
walls of the city fell down at the blasts of Israel's 
trumpets. It was one of the chief cities of ancient 
Canaan and must have been fruitful, owing to the fact 
chat at the foot of the hill on which it stood burst 
forth a large fountain of pure, sweet water. This 
spring, called by the Arabs Ain Es-Sultan, or spring of 
the prophet, is undoubtedly the fountain healed by the 
prophet Elisha. "And the men of the city said unto 
Elisha, Behold, I pray thee, the situation of this city 
is pleasant, as my lord seeth; but the water is naught, 
?nd the ground barren. And he said, Bring me a new 
cruse, and put salt therein, and they brought it to him. 
And he went forth unto the spring of the waters, and 
cast the salt in there and said, Thus saith the Lord, I 
have healed these waters; there shall not be from thence 
any more death or barren land. So the waters were 
healed unto this day, according to the saying of Elisha 
which he spake." (II Kings 2:19-22) Vie drank of the 
waters and bathed in them and can testify to their being 
pure and sweet. 

The city stood on a hill and had, without doubt, a 
pleasant situation. The valley of the Jordan is spread 
out like a vast panorama, the mountains of Moab bounding 
the view on the east , whilst the northern end of the 
Dead Sea seems only a mile away. It was across this 
plain that the Israelites ^marched after crossing the 
Jordan, and here, at Gilgal, they set up the twelve 
stones taken out of the river; here they encamped, and 


from this point Joshua conducted his victorious cam- 
paign against the Canaanites. From here they began that 
notable march against the five kings, which ended in 
the victories of the Beth-horons and the complete de- 
feat of the kings. The old city was completely de- 
stroyed by Joshua, and in the presence of all Israel he 
said, " Cursed be the man before the Lord, that riseth 
up and buildeth this city Jericho." (Joshua 6:26) 
Nearly 500 years after this, Kiel, the Bethelite, re- 
built the city and inherited the curse according to the 
word of the Lord, spoken by Joshua. 

From Jericho we rode down, to the northern end of the 
Dead Sea, retracing our path of the day before; we 
crossed again the brook Cherith and then wound our way 
through the thick growth of thorn trees and dense vege- 
tation to the Arab village of Riha. This Is the site 
of the Jericho of the New Testament and of the ancient 

Here at Gilgal the Jews celebrated the first pass- 
over in the Promised Land, and here the rite of circum- 
cision was performed on all who" had been born In the 
wilderness. "And the Lord said unto Joshua, This day 
have I rolled away the reproach of Egypt from off you. 
Wherefore the name of the place Is called Gilgal (i.e. 
rolling) unto this day." Here the manna ceased and the 
children .of Israel began eating of the fruit of the 
Land of Canaan, Hero Saul was made king, and here the 
children .of Judah assembled to bring back David after 
the rebellion of Absalom. Here it was that Zaccheus, 
in order to see our Savior, climbed up one of the syca- 
more trees which grew by the way, and it xvas from this 
place that Christ began His last journey to Jerusalem. 
On the southeast side of the group of hovels are the 
ruins of an old tower, said to occupy the site of the 
house of Zaccheus « 

The plain here is covered with thorn trees from 
which, it is said, the crown of thorns that our Savior 
wore was made; also the balsam tree from which the balm 
of Gilead is made. Here are also to be seen the trees 
bearing the Sodom apple. It is a woody shrub growing 


to the height of three or four feet. The fruit has the 
appearance of an apple , being first yellow and then 
red, with black seeds* 

From Gilgal, the north end of the Dead Sea is in 
full view, apparently only a short distance away, but 
in reality it is seven miles from us and the plain of 
Sodom and Gomorrah intervenes. One is constantly being 
deceived by the clearness of the atmosphere; objects 
appear to be close at hand when they are miles away. 
We descend a number of shelving banks to a kind of 
tableland below. The scene becomes constantly more 
desolate and barren until the desert plain is reached* 
Here the ground is covered with salt and sulphur and 
not a trace of vegetation is to be found. At last, 
after making a number of descents, the Dead Sea is 
reached. The desolation is complete.; Not a living 
thing Is to be seen. The wind was blowing hard and the 
heavy water of the sea was in great commotion.. The 
waves rolled on the shores, producing a peculiar ^ heavy) 
roaring sound, caused by the density of the water. 

Until 1837 the Dead Sea was not supposed to be below 
the level of the Mediterranean. A series of measure- 
ments revealed the fact that it is nearly 1300 feet be- 
low the level of that body of water. The following 
measurements are the most recent and reliable; 

Level of Dead Sea below Mediterranean . . 1293 feet 

Greatest depth of Dead Sea . . 1310 " 

Height of Jerusalem above Mediterranean . 2494 " 
Height of Jerusalem above Dead Sea . . . 3697 u - 

Mean depth of Dead Sea 1080 » 

Length of Dead Sea 46 miles 

Width of Dead Sea 10 miles 

There is no outlet to the sea, and although it has 
been calculated that over six million tons of water are 
emptied Into it daily, yet It is probable that the 
level of the sea is gradually sinking. The prodigious 
amount of water emptied Into It must be carried off by 
evaporation. The atmosphere here being intensely hot 
and dry, it would naturally absorb "and retain a vast 
amount of moisture. As a result of this extraordinary 


evaporation, the lake is strongly impregnated with 
mineral substance. At least one-fourth of the water 
is mineral. It yields nearly thirteen per cent common 
salt. It also contains a considerable amount of sul- 
phur. So dense is the water that the human body floats 
in It without exertion • 

The water is exceedingly nauseous to the taste , and 
so deadly is Its character that it is now known that no 
signs of life are found, either in it or on its shores. 

—From Letters from Bible Lands 

(Continued from page 15) CHILDREN'S PAGE 

And God said, "Have you eaten of the tree that I 
commanded you not to eat of? n 

So Adam blamed his wife and his wife blamed Satan; 
so by disobeying God Adam and Eve sinned. They were 
driven out of that lovely place God had made for them. 
They had to work hard, they got tired, had troubles, 
got sick and finally died — all because of sin. 

For this reason Jesus, God's only begotten Son, came 
into this world to die that we could have our sins for- 
given — if we only obey Him. 

— Rudy Cover 


Ere on my bed my limbs I lay, 

hear, great God, the words I say: 

Preserve, I pray, my parents dear, 

In health and strength for many a year. 

And still, Lord, to me impart 

A gentle and a grateful heart; 

That after my last sleep, I may 

Awake to Thy eternal day. 

— From Songs for the Little Ones at Home 



God created Adam and Eve and put them in a beautiful 
place to live. They had everything that was good to 
eat. and to look at: beautiful flowers and trees, water 
and grass — everything was just right. But God had told 
them there was one tree that they should not eat the 
fruit of. It was called n The tree of the knowledge of 
good and evil." This was the only thing, as far as we 
know, that God told them not to do. 

God and Adam and Eve were friends. They walked and 
talked together in the beautiful garden that God had 
made. God also had an enemy, and his name was Satan. 
One day Satan showed Eve the tree of the knowledge of 
good and evil. Eve told Satan that it was the tree 
that God had said, "You shall net eat of it, neither 
shall you touch It, or you will die." 

Satan does not mind telling lies if it serves his 
purpose, so he replied, "You won't really die. God 
just told you not to eat of it because He knows that 
if you do, then you will be like gods, knowing good and 

Eve looked at the tree and saw the beautiful fruit 
on It. It looked like it was good to eat, and if it 
would make one wise and know- so much — surely God didn T t 
really mean what He said. So she ate some of the fruit 
and gave some to Adam. 

As soon as they had eaten, something happened to 
them that had never happened before.. . The Bible says, 
"The eyes of them both were opened, and they knew they 
were naked." Hastily they sewed fig leaves together 
and made themselves aprons. It wasn't very long till 
they heard the voice of God in the garden. I suppose 
it was like He had done many times before. But this 
time Adam and Eve were afraid and hid themselves among 
the trees of the garden. Afraid of their best friendl 

God called Adam and said, "Where are you?" 

Adam answered God, "I was afraid because I was naked 
and I hid myself." 
(Continued on page 15) 


VOL. 20 JULY, 1973 NO. 7 

"Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain 
from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul." 1 Peter 2: 1 1 

By Johann J. Schutz (1640-1690) 

Sing praise to God who reigns above, 

The God of all creation, 
The God of power, the God of love, 

The God of our salvation; 
With healing balm my soul He fills, 
And every faithless murmur stills: 

To God all praise and glory. 

What God ! s almighty power hath made, 
His gracious mercy keepeth; 

By morning glow or evening shade 
His watchful eye ne ! er sleepeth; 

Within the kingdom of His might, 

Lo, all is just and all is right: 
To God all praise and glory. 

The Lord is never far away, 

But, through all grief distressing, 
An ever-present help and stay, 

Our peace, and joy, and blessing; 
As with a mother's tender hand 
He leads His own, His chosen band: 

To God all praise and glory. 

Thus, all my toilsome way along, 

I sing aloud Thy praises, 
That men may hear the grateful song 

My voice unwearied raises; 
Be joyful in the Lord, my heart, 
Both soul and body bear your part: 

To God all praise and glory. 

THE PILGRIM is a religious magazine published in the interests of the 
members of the Old Brethren Church. Subscription rote: $2.00 per year. Sample copies sent free 
on request. Publishing Editor: Leslie Cover; Consulting Editor: Daniel F. Wolf. 


In our day it Is easy to become concerned over the 
current issues in the world: pollution, corruption in 
government > war and strife among the nations, the new 
immorality, . . We see this all increasing as time draws 
to a close , and it warns us that it may not be long 
before the Lord will return in glory. Our response to 
the issues around us comprise a good share of our testi- 
mony to the world* If we respond with strong faith in 
God, it will be for His glory and will also have a good 
influence on those around us. If we are troubled and 
fearful, that will be noticed too. 

Pollution is a threat to all living on this planet 
earth. If time were to last and men went on dumping 
filth Into rivers, smoke into the air and poisons into 
the soil, eventually life itself would be in danger. 
But Christians have a higher hope than this. This 
present world is not our home; it will sometime be 
completely destroyed. In the meantime we do not need 
to be worried but have faith in God. True, we should 
be careful not to pollute and destroy our surroundings. 
We should also remember that Christians of other ages 
have suffered in stinking prisons, perhaps on a diet 
of half-spoiled food with flies and rats spreading 
disease... And we let fears of DDT and smog destroy 
our peace? 

The spiritual pollution and moral decay should cause 
us more concern. Here is something Christians can 
rightly crusade against. The "new morality 11 is the 
same as the old immorality. This and drug abuse seem 
to be worst in the colleges, and parents must point out 
the dangers to their children. 

With the recent, endless 'Watergate hearings, corrup- 
tion in politics and government has been on display as 
never before. As one man put it, "I thought we had a 


right to expect something better from these men in top 
positions. We don't want to make light of corruption, 
deceit and intrigue. But these men are not learning 
their methods from the Bible. The government is not 
run by love and the Golden Rule and the "in honor pre- 
ferring one another" of the Christians. They are in 
a different category, and if we want to be in the same 
group, then it becomes our duty to vote, hold office 
and fight the corruption that should not be found in 
public servants. However, as citizens of the heavenly 
country and followers of Jesus, we must be separate 
from the world systems and serve God in humble obedience. 
We are told to obey the laws, pay the taxes of the earth- 
ly government and to pray for our rulers. Let us not 
be found explaining away our obligation here. Chris- 
tians especially should not cheat on tax forms, buy 
favor from officials or in any other way evade our duty 
to obey the government in all that does not conflict 
with our obedience to God. 

We have gone on record as peacemakers, followers of 
Jesus, the Prince of peace. We do not believe Chris- 
tians should fight, and we should use all our oppor- 
tunities to oppose war and all the destruction and 
horror and pain that goes with it. But here again, the 
nations are not governed by the teachings of Jesus. 
They do not love their enemies, and it will be this 
way until they yield to Jesus and His cleansing and 

Perhaps we speak against \^ar and yet haven 1 1 a very 
good peace witness before the world. Jesus teaches 
that being angry with our brother without a cause and 
saying "Thou fool" are offences similar to killing. 
If we let anger, quarreling and critical judgment of 
our fellowmen have a place in our lives, it will spoil 
our peace testimony. 

Times are changing fast. A generation of young 
people influenced from birth by modern inventions, easy 
living, television, movies, speedy travel — is emerging 
and coming into maturity and power. They are in need 
of the Christian testimony (Continued on page 15) 


Isaac D. Martin 

The desire to be rich and have everything we want 
runs deep in the human heart. The advertisers know 
this and make their appeal to this desire* We should 
recognize this early in youth and crucify this fleshly 
desire. We should realize continually that this desire 
is against one T s spiritual life and with this realiza- 
tion pray that God would grant us the grace to have 
victory over this, 

Jesus has directed us to seek first the kingdom of 
God. At the same time He said that Gentiles are con- 
cerned about what they eat and wear. The kingdom of 
God must be sought. We do not find it without effort y 
because the whole world is against us finding our way 
into the kingdom. This is more true today than ever 
because of the many worldly ideas and philosophies that 
have infiltrated into our thinking through the adver- 
tisers and their magazines. 

The American economy operates largely on man's lust 
for things. The tactics and goals of the world for 
advancement are not for the Christian, The world 1 s 
ideas, as to what is right and proper or permissible- are 
no guide for the Christian. We must go to the Word for 
our direction. 

The Scriptures indicate that the desire for riches 
is never satisfied. Man verifies this truth over and 
over. Everywhere we look we can see dissatisfaction. 
The American people are more affluent than most of the 
peoples of the world, yet they are among the most dis- 
satisfied. He that loveth silver shall not be satis- 
fied with silver. This is a natural law. If you are 
not satisfied and content with what you have today, you 
will not be content with more. If you think you are 
not being paid enough, you will not be content very 
long after you get a raise. If you think that you 
would be satisfied with so much more, you are deceived; 
you do not know your own heart. Man simply cannot be 
satisfied with increase. 


But godliness with contentment is great gain. Con- 
tentment is practically a lost grace in many of our 
churches today. Only here and there do you find those 
who are really content. Contentment like all other 
graces is not something we can receive once for all, 
but rather it can be received and lost. If we do not 
learn to be content in our youth it will not be easier 
later in life; in fact the temptation to be discontent 
will increase with age. As you become older and see 
others your age getting ahead in the material realm be- 
cause of an ever-expanding program, you will be sorely 
tempted to plunge into the same materialistic pursuits. 
If you want to enter a very needy field of labor, labor 
to be content. 

Contentment is not laziness. You can be a hard 
worker and be content. We work hard because we know 
it is right; it is healthful. We work hard so that we 
can provide for our family and have some to give. Giv- 
ing is easy for the person who is content. There is 
no fear of giving too much. Bat the discontented, 
selfish person will generally have a problem giving 

''Better is a handful with quietness than two hands 
full with travail and vexation of spirit." In our de- 
sire to work hard and keep occupied we need to be care- 
ful that we do not take on more work than is for our 
good. At all times we need to continually ask our- 
selves .whether this is for the Lord's sake or whether 
it is for self. We need to learn to be satisfied with 
a handful. 

As youth, we generally look around and find someone 
we want to pattern or at least we admire certain indi- 
viduals for various reasons and we generally copy, to 
a certain extent at least, those we admire. Look 
around and pick out someone who seems content. Observe 
his life. If he is content, you should see these char- 
acteristics. He will be happy. He will not be greatly 
involved in things. He will be behind the times. His 
machinery or furniture will likely not be up-to-date. 
He will not be overworked. He will have time to be 


neighborly. Now think of the most discontented person 
you know. He will always be in a hurry. He will have 
his hands full. His conversation will always be on what 
he is doing and how prices are bad and when things do 
not go his way he may lose his temper. He must always 
be getting something new. His whole life will show dis- 
satisfaction, frustration, and unhappiness. Take into 
consideration the difference between the end of these 
two characters and then choose which you would want to 
pattern your life after. It should be quite obvious 
which one is Christlike. It should be quite obvious 
which one is going to lead us to heaven. 

Jesus said, "How hardly shall they that have riches 
enter into the kingdom of heaven." Jesus knows the hu- 
man heart, We had better believe what He has told us, 
and not think that we can pursue wealth and reach glory. 

When we determine by God's grace to always mind the 
Lord and God sees fit to prosper us, we should accept it 
as from God. When we receive it this way, we will not 
use it selfishly and pad our own nest, but rather we 
will allow these blessings to overflow to others. We 
will freel3 r give of that which we freely received. We 
will want to read 1 Timothy 6 often because at any point 
we can become highminded and begin to trust in uncertain 

"Lay up . . . treasures in heaven, . . . For where 
your treasure is, there will your heart be also." One 
way of laying up treasure In heaven is by giving to the 
Lord. We can give a portion to the Lord and still re- 
tain a sizable treasure here on earth. When we have a 
treasure on this earth, we have none in heaven because 
we can have only one loyalty. Anything \vhich we have 
that we would feel uneasy about giving up is a treasure. 
Anything we need to insure is a treasure. We need to 
check ourselves continually to be sure that our treasure 
is in heaven. Determine now to lay up your treasure 
heaven and by God's grace keep it there. 

Selected by Herman Royer 
From The Christian Example 




How do we apply to our lives the words of Paul to 
the Corinthians r "Be ye not unequally yoked together 
with unbelievers. . ." (II Corinthians 6:14) 


First of all I would like to express my appreciation 
for the questions and answers that have already been 
published in The Pilgrim , They have been helpful in 
answering some of our own questions and also in stim- 
ulation our study of the Scriptures, 

This month's question should be of great interest 
and concern to all Christians considering these times 
of decaying morals and the lack of discernment of true 
values* Also there never has been a time when man has 
felt more dependent on the "works of his own hands" — 
electricity, automobile, radio , television, etc. 
Though these are Innocent enough in themselves, they 
certainly broaden our contact with the world. Often 
times along with this contact comes temptation, a 
weakening of our discernment, and finally a yielding 
to sin. The Apostle James tells us "that the friend- 
ship of the world is enmity with God. Whosoever there- 
fore will be a friend of the world is the enemy of God," 
(James ktk) James also enjoins us to "keep ourselves 
unspotted from the world." (James 1:27) These Scrip- 
tures and many more teach us that contact with the 
world has a contaminating and defiling influence on 
the Christian. We then are in somewhat of a dilemma. 
We live in the world and certainly we have a mission in 
it; yet we are not to become defiled by it. The Apostle 
Paul infers that although we live in the world we need 
not become unequally yOked together with unbelievers, 
and certainly an unequal yoke it would be if we were 
teamed with unbelievers. 

Paul is speaking of something different from the 
daily contact we have with unbelievers in our efforts 


to make a living and be an example to them. He is 
refering to those intimacies that may arise out of our 
business relations, social activities and friendships. 
These intimacies may seem innocent enough, but they are 
dangerous in that they inhibit spiritual growth and 
tend to weaken our loyalty to God* They also cancel 
out our testimony. These intimacies result in divided 
Interests and surely we "cannot serve God and mammon," 
We mention these things first because we are all more 
or less involved in these areas^ for we all have busi- 
ness relations, social activities and friendships out- 
side the Church. A test to see if our relationships in 
these areas are what they should be might be to honestly 
ask ourselves this question: Do I enjoy the "fellow- 
ship" stemming from these relationships as much as I 
enjoy fellowship with believers? 

Other areas where we may become unequally yoked to- 
gether with unbelievers are in politics and secret 
societies such as lodges. Our citizenship is in Heaven 
so why should we be involved in the politics of this 
world? As for secret societies, it is plain the whole 
spirit of the Gospel is that of honesty and openness 
rather than that of deceitfulness and secrecy. 

There is one other -important area we would like to 
mention. We believe these words of Paul also apply to 
the sacred institution of marriage. Next to salvation 
marriage is the weightiest question man has to consider. 
So surely we want God ! s benediction on it. The chil- 
dren of Israel were commanded not to marry those who 
were not Israelites, although they repeatedly broke 
this, commandment to their own hurt. Among the most 
notable examples are Samson, the strongest man, and 
Soloman, the wisest man. 

In the New Testament, not only do we have the Scrip- 
ture we are considering but we have also the words of 
Paul concerning widows that they should marry "only in 
the Lord." Surely this also applies to those who are 
not widows! "Only in the Lord" implies that a believer 
is one who has made a full commitment to the Lord. 
There have been instances where mixed marriages have 


seemingly proved alright so far as after results were 
concerned; but such were exceptions and not the rule, 
and these will never compensate for the untold numbers 
that .tell a tale of grief and unhappiness. It is very 
risky to go against the clear teaching of the Scriptures, 

Another question then arises. What about intermar- 
riage with members of different denominations? The 
Bible is silent on this question because it makes no 
provision for the division of the Christian Church into 
denominations , but surely wisdom would teach us that 
this union would be less than ideal. When there is so 
much difference between husband and wife that they can- 
not fellowship in the same church they are divided on 
the most important question in life — the religious 
question — which fact as a rule is a handicap on the 
usefulness of both in the work of their respective 
churches and weakens their influence in bringing up 
their children n in the nurture and admonition of the 

Our prayer is that our dear young people might know 
the will of the Lord in this important matter and be 
willing to walk in it lest blind infatuation make them 
insensible to the highest interests , both of themselves 
and of the cause of Christ and the Church. May we as 

parents and older ones together lovingly and earnestly 
declare and uphold the will of the Lord. 

In closing we would like to stress two important 
points that someone has made concerning the Scripture 
we have under consideration: 1»- •• "We should never be- 
come entangled in any allia nce in which we are hampered 
in living as the Bible would have us live^ 11 2. " We 
should have our consciences awake , our spiritual eyes 
open , our knowledge of God 1 s will enlarge d, that we 
&&y see the point of danger before we step into it." 

— Melvin Coning 
Goshen > -Indiana 

We believe the Apostle Paul here has reference to 
alliance with evil and unholy elements which are incom- 
patible to the Gospel of Christ; unbelievers, unright- 
eousness, darkness, Belial and an infidel* 


Unless these wicked elements were involved, we do 
not feel that this commandment pertains to the state 
of marriage > as Paul deals quite plainly and specifi- 
cally with that situation in I Corinthians 7:12-16. 

Certainly the ideal marriage relationship would be 
where both husband and wife were Christians, but Paul 
knew there were some at that time who were not so. 
Therefore he advised them to remain together in hope 
that the believing one might be a saving influence to 
the other. 

However, the Word of God which he cites in connection 
with the commandment to be not unequally yoked together 
demands an immediate break, a complete severance and 
separation from such elements? "Wherefore come out 
from among them, and be ye separate , saith the Lord, 
and touch not the unclean thing; and I will receive 
you, And will be a Father unto you, and ye shall be 
my sons and daughters, saith the Lord Almighty* n 

— Marvin Crawmer 

Long Barn, California 

This month 1 s question: 

Did the Old Testament prophets see and foretell of 
the Church age? 

Send your comment on this question or send a ques- 
tion of your own to The Pilgrim . 


WAGNER - A son, David Clay, born to Daniel and Thelma 
Wagner of Covington, Ohio on July 4, 1973. 


June 8, 1973 in the Salida Congregation, Salida, 

California Brother Leslie Cover was advanced to the 

second degree of ministry and installed with his wife, 

Martha, May the Lord richly bless them in their new 


—Daniel F. Wolf 



Our bondage here shall end, 

By and by — by and by; 
Our bondage here shall end, by and by; 

From Egypt ! s yoke set free, 

Hail the glorious jubilee , 
And to Canaan march along , 

By and by — by and by; 
And to Canaan inarch along , by and by. 

Our Deliverer He shall come, by and by, 
And our sorrows have an end, 
With our threescore years and ten, 

And vast glory crown the day, by and by. 

Though our enemies are strong, we'll go on. 
Though our hearts dissolve with fear, 
Lol Sinai's God is near! 

While the fiery pillar moves, we ! ll go on. 

Through Marah's bitter streams, we'll go on, 

Though Baca's vale be dry, 

And the land yield no siipply: 
To the land of corn and wine, we'll go on. 

And when to Jordan's floods, we are come, 

Jehovah rules the tide — 

And the waters He'll divide, 
And the ransomed host shall shout, we are come. 

Then friends shall meet again,, who have loved, 

Our embraces shall be sweet, 

At the dear Redeemer's feet; 
When we meet to part no more, who have loved. 

Then with that happy throng, we'll rejoice, 

Shouting praises to our King 

Till the vaults of heaven ring; 
And through eternity, we'll rejoice'. 

Selected by Orpha Barton 




By D. L. Miller —1884 

It was somewhere along the southwestern coast of the 
Dead Sea that travelers have generally looked for the 
pillar of salt which once stood here as a monument of 
the disobedience and curiosity of Lot's wife. Josephus 
relates that it existed in his time, and later tradi- 
tion also asserts that the pillar of salt remained at 
a time since that of Josephus. Dr. Thompson thinks 
that it is not improbable that some of the salt pin- 
nacles standing on the shore of the lake, south of 
Masada, may have been taken for the pillar of salt. 
Along this shore of the sea is a ridge of rock salt 
with pinnacles, some of which are a hundred feet high. 
Of course, at this time there can be no certainty as 
to the locality where the miraculous pillar stood. 

Lieutenant Lynch, of the American expedition, says 
in his report: 

"Everything said in the Bible about the Dead Sea and 
the Jordan we believe to be fully verified by our ob- 
servations. The inference from the Bible that this 
entire chasm was a plain, sunk and 'overwhelmed 1 by the 
wrath of God, seems to be sustained by the extra- 
ordinary character of our soundings. The bottom of 
the sea consists of two submerged plains, an elevated 
and a depressed one, the former averaging thirteen, the 
latter thirteen hundred feet below the surface. 
Through the northern and larger and deeper one, in a 
line corresponding with the bed of the Jordan, is a 
ravine, which, again, seems to correspond with the 
Wady-el-Jeib, or ravine within a ravine, at the south 
end of the sea. Between the Jabbok and this sea we 
unexpectedly found a sudden break down in the bed of 
the Jordan. If there be a similar break down in the 
water-courses to the south of the sea, accompanied with 
like volcanic characters, there can scarce be a doubt 
that the whole basin has sunk from some extraordinary 


convulsion, preceded, probably, by an eruption of fire, 
and a general conflagration of the bitumen which a- 
bounded in the plain* ft 

From this statement it may be seen that it is pos- 
sible that the sites of the cities are now covered with 
the waters of the Dead Sea. We intended to take a bath 
in the water, but it was rough and cold, and we rode 
away without the salt water bath. Few travelers ever 
see the water of the lake in such great commotion as 
it was on the day of our visit. 

We ride across the plain from the Dead Sea to the 
Jordan. The mounds and hillocks are covered with salt 
and the plain is a desert, but the eye rests longingly 
on the green line of foliage marking the course of the 
sacred stream. A ride of four miles brings us to the 
banks of the Jordan. Here we dismount and eat our 
lunch under the shade of the trees growing on the banks 
of the river ♦ This is the traditional site where John 
baptized our Savior; but it is not because of this : that 
we feel the strong emotions that fill our hearts as we 
stand on Jordan's banks. We care not whether this is 
the exact spot where . the Son of God gave us an example 
by going down into the water and being baptized of John 
in Jordan or not. It is enough for us to know that we 
are standing by the very stream in which this great 
baptism was performed'. 

At the foot of Mount Hermon, in Syria, a fountain 
gushing out from the rocks rushes down a rocky channel 
and, joining other small streams, forms the source of 
this wonderful river. It crosses the plains of Huleh, 
lying between the Anti Libanus and the mountains of 
Galilee, forming the waters of Merom. From here, in- 
creased in volume by the addition of other streams and 
the great depression in the valley, it falls into the 
Sea of Galilee^ which is only a widening of the river. 
From the Sea of Galilee it falls rapidly until, finally, 
it plunges into the Dead Sea, where it is lost forever. 

From the Sea of Galilee to the Dead Sea the fall is 
1,000 feet in a distance of sixty miles, but such is 
the winding course of the river that it measures about 


two hundred miles in length between the two lakes. The 
river varies in width, being from eighty to one hundred 
and sixty feet wide, and from five to fifteen feet deep, 
jwing to its great fall, it has a very swift current. 
It has three banks, all of which are overflowed after 
the heavy rains during the winter. The waters then be- 
gin to subside and by the time the latter rains cease, 
from the fifteenth of March to the first of April, it is 
usually found flowing inside of its second banks. After 
the long-continued drought and heat of the summer, it 
recedes within its inner banks and is, at this season, 
October, a very small stream. On this day, March 18th, 
the stream is nearly full to its outer banks. It was a 
Little later than this in the spring, probably in the 
first part of April, that the Israelites, after wander- 
ing forty years in the wilderness, passed over Jordan. 
The passage took place during the time of harvest, "for 
the Jordan overfloweth all his banks all the time of 
harvest, " (Joshua 3:15) 

In the morning, as we rode through the barley fields 
at Riah, we noticed that the grain was In full head and 
would soon be ready to harvest; and here the Jordan is 
swollen, so that we have been an eye-witness to the 
truth of the statement above quoted. Some travelers, 
visiting the river during dry seasons, have doubted the 
correctness of the above passage. It should be remem- 
bered that at the time the Israelites crossed over 
Jordan, the hills and mountains at the source and all 
along the course of the river were heavily timbered. 
This timber has been destroyed, and, as a result, the 
rainfall has materially decreased, so that at the time 
of harvest now, the waters would naturally be lower than 
they were then. But, even with the changed conditions, 
we have seen evidences to convince us that even today 
the Jordan may overflow all his banks in the time of 

How Bible incidents throng upon us as we stand here 
by the rushing river and give ourselves time for thought! 
Here came the prophets Elijah and Elisha smiting the 
waters and thus securing a passage over the rapid stream. 


Elijah is taken from earth to heaven and Elisha, re- 
turning^ uses the mantle which fell upon him as his 
master departed, smites the waters and passes over on 
dry ground. In these waters Naaman was cured of his 
leprosy; "his flesh came again, like the flesh of a 
little child, and he. was clean." (II Kings 5) Here was 
heard the "voice of one crying in the wilderness, Re- 
pent ye; for the kingdom of heaven is at hand." And 
the voice reached Jerusalem and all parts of Judea and 
the regions round about Jordan; and they came, con- 
fessing their sins, and were baptized by the great 
preacher from the wilderness. And here, most sacred 
memory of all, and before which all others pale, our 
blessed Master went down into the water and was bap- 
tized, and then heaven, approving the act, opened its 
portals and the Spirit of God came down, and a voice, 
"saying, This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well 
pleased." All these things occurred not far from where 
we are standing* 

From Letters From Bible Lands 

CHILDREN'S PAGE (continued from page 15) ' 

Lord put a mark on Cain so that -anyone who saw it would 
knoitf that it would be wrong to kill Cain. : 

What a sad life Cain had. How much better to have 
asked the Lord to forgive his. sin of pride and to have 
been accepted and^ respected like Abel. 

- . — Rudy Gover 

(Continued from page 3)" 

as much as any generation before them. Let us realize 
our position as servants of Jesus Christ. We are the 
voices, the hands, the feet that Jesus can work through 
to save souls in these last times. — L.C* 
To serve the present age, 

My calling to fulfill; 
Oh, may it all my powers engage, 
To do my Master 1 s will. 


GOD KNOWS Genesis 4: 1-16 

Cain was the first son of Adam and Eve and Abel -was 
their second* They grew up like other boys do, and I 
suppose that because Cain was the older that he thought 
he should be treated with more respect than Abel, Now 
Cain liked to till the ground and grow crops that pro- 
duced food.- Abel liked animals, and he was a keeper 
of sheep. 

When it was harvest time for Cain he brought of the 
fruit of the ground for an offering unto the Lord, and 
Abel brought the best of his flock of sheep to sacrifice 
to the Lard. The Bible says that the Lord had respect 
unto Abel's sacrifice but unto Cain T s offering He had 
not respect. This made Cain very angry, and God talked 
with Cain about it and reasoned with him. God said, 
"If you do well you will be accepted, but if you don't 
do well it is sinful. 11 Being sinful means to disobey 
God and that is displeasing to Him. For some reason 
Cain's heart was not right with God. I think we can 
assume that he was a proud man, and for God to accept 
his younger brother's offering and reject his was just 
too much. Cain became very jealous of Abel and hated 
him. One time when they were out in the field Cain 
killed his brother Abel. 

Abel had been a good man and God loved him. Cain 
buried his brother's body so- that no one would know 
what happened — but God knew. And the Lord said to Cain, 
"Where is your brother Abel?" 

Cain replied to God, "I don't know: Am I my broth- 
er's keeper?" 

Then God said, "What have you done? The voice of 
your brother's blood cries unto me from the ground," 

Nothing is hid from the Lord and He told Cain that 
He would curse the ground. When Cain tried to grow 
crops it wouldn't produce like it once did for him, and 
possibly because of this he would be a wanderer over 
the face of the earth, continually trying to find a 
better place to farm. 

Cain complained to the Lord that everyone that found 
him would want to kill him for murdering Abel so the 


VOL 20 AUGUST & SEPTEMBER. 1973 NOS. 8 & 9 

"Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain 
from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul." 1 Peter 2: 1 1 


Jesus I what a friend for sinners! 

Jesus I lover of my soul; 
Friends may fail me, foes assail me. 

He, my Saviour, makes me whole. 

Jesus! what a strength in weakness! 

Let me hide myself in Him; 
Tempted, tried, and sometimes failing, 

He, my strength, my victory wins, 

Jesus! what a help in sorrow! 

V T hile the billows o'er me roll, 
Even when my heart is breaking, 

He, my comfort, helps my soul. 

Jesus! what a guide and keeper! 

While the tempest still is high, 
Storms about me, night o'ertakes me, 

He, my- pilot, hears my cry. 

Jesus! I do now receive Him, 

More than all in Him I find,- 
He hath granted me forgiveness, 

I am His, and He is mine. 

Hallelujah! what a Saviour! 

Hallelujah! what a friend! 
Saving, helping, keeping, loving, 

He is with me to the emd. 

J. Wilbur Chapman, 1859-1918 

THE F^ILGRIM is a religious magazine published in the interests of the 
members of the Old Brethren Church, Subscription rate: $2.00 per year. Sample copies sent free 
on request. Publishing Editor: Leslie Cover; Consulting Editor: Daniel F. Wolf. 


"Endeavoring to keep the unity of the Spirit in the 
bond of peace." (Ephesians 4:3) 

On the starry night when the heavenly hosts of an- 
gels appeared in the sky saying, "Glory to God in the 
highest , and on earth peace, and good will towards men" 
began to descend from heaven this benign and holy vir- 
tue, centered and fixed in the Holy Child Jesus, How 
the peace of God ruled His heart. (Colossians 3*15) 
How the coming of Jesus thrilled the hearts of many, 
and reminds us of Zacharias, the father of John the 
Baptist, saying (his tongue being unloosed) "To give 
knowledge of salvation unto his people by the remission 
of their sins, through the tender mercy of our God; 
whereby the dayspring from on high hath visited us, to 
give light to them that sit in darkness and in the 
shadow of death, to guide our feet into the way of 
peace «» (Luke 1:77-79) 

Hoxtf old brother Simeon, holding Jesus in his arms, 
said: "Lord, now lettest thou thy servant depart in 
peace, according to thy word: for mine eyes have seen 
thy salvation." (Luke 2:29,30) 

"The Prince of Peace" is one of the titles of Jesus. 
(Isaiah 9:6) Jesus, in His Sermon on the Mount, out- 
lines and establishes the way of peace in the hearts of 
true believers. Love to enemies as well as friends 
cuts off any idea of retaliation — even for misuse or 
abuse that may come from an enemy * He says: "But I 
say unto you, Love your enemies, bless them that curse 
you, do good to them that hate you, and pray for them 
which despitefully use you, and persecute you." (Mat- 
thew 5:44) 

Jesus did pray for those who nailed Him to the cross: 
"Father, forgive them; for they know not what they do." 
(Luke 23:34) Also Stephen,' following Jesus as the 
stones were taking away his life, said with a loud 


voice , "Lord, lay not this sin to their charge." (Acts 

Jesus told His disciples before He died: "Peace I 
leave with you, my peace I give unto you; not as the 
world giveth, give I unto you. Let not your heart be 
troubled, neither let it be afraid." 

After Jesus arose He greeted them three times saying 
"Peace be unto you I" 

"There is no peace, saith my God, to the wicked," 
(Isaiah 57:21) Jesus gives peace only to those who are 
obedient to God, and have accepted Him, So He says, 
"These things I have spoken unto you, that in me ye 
might have peace. In the world ye shall have tribula- 
tion: but be of good cheer; I have overcome the world." 
(John 16:33) 

The bond of peace is one of the most consoling and 
inspiring of the God-given virtues, entering into the 
hearts of true believers that can be enjoyed individ- 
ually and collectively, giving out a true witness that 
comes by being one in Christ Jesus. 

God, in the writings of Isaiah, says:' "0 that thou 
hadst hearkened to my commandment si then had thy peace 
been as a river, and thy righteousness as the waves of 
the sea," (Isaiah k$t±8) "Great peace have they which 
love thy law: and nothing shall offend them." (Psalms 


The river of peace flows on. Nothing can stop its 
flow to the great sea of eternity, for the draft of our 
Heavenly Father draws on and on, Jesus says: "My peace 
I give unto you." "Above all these things put on char- 
ity, which is the bond of perfectness," (Colossians 3:14} 

The bond of peace is recognized and felt by true be- 
lievers and goes hand in hand with the love of God which 
Is in Christ Jesus our Lord. (Romans 5:37) "And the 
peace of God, which passeth all understanding, shall 
keep your hearts and minds through Christ Jesus." 
(Philippians 4:7) . 

Dear brethren and sisters, the challenge of the ages 
comes down to us. Will you let the peace of God rule in 
your hearts, to which also ye are called in one body and 


be ye thankful? (Colossians 3:15) Can we then be en- 
closed by love, the bond of perfectness, and the bond 
of peace to doubly guard, guide and bless, that we, a 
little band of believers, may join all the faithful now 
living to uphold the divine cause of our Lord and Master, 
Jesus Christ our King, being bound together by this 
double bond? 

The unity of the Spirit is a goal to attain to that 
nestles close in the bond of peace and is so manifest 
when the Holy Spirit rules in our hearts, and brings 
^bout that desire expressed in the old song: "0. for a 
closer walk with God; A calm and heavenly frame, A light 
to shine upon the road That leads me to the Lamb." 
Enoch and Elijah walked with God so closely that God 
took them without seeing death. They pleased God. 

"Finally, brethren, farewell. Be perfect, be of good 
comfort, be of one mind, live in peace; and the God of 
love and peace shall be with you t n (2 Corinthians 13:11) 
May God bless you all. 

The bond of peace that year on year, 

Holding together firm and clear, 
With perfect bond of love and grace, 

The Christian's safety hiding place. 

The bond of peace from all alarms 

Secure and sheltered in the arms 
Of God above, to fully bless 

All in the way of righteousness. 

The bond of peace — no tempest blows 
In that good way of full repose: 

Sheltered secure from every blast 
Until we reach our home at last. 

The bond of peace encloses all 
Those who obedient to the call 

Witness for God in every age, 

And who are written on life ! s page . 

The bond of peace, be it my lot 

To have this grace, and falter not; 


And firmly tread the shining path, 
Be true and faithful unto death. 

The bond of peace — its radiant glow 
Be with us as we come and go; 

To tell about new living way, 
To all who our dear Lord obey. 

The bond of peace in Jesus' name, 
Let all who hear His way proclaim; 

Till we this body-house lay down 

And take at last life's golden crown. 

— J. I. Cover 

Sonera, California 


A few weeks ago we had an experience so thrilling to 
us we would like to share it with you, for two reasons. 

The first reason is simply the incident itself be- 
cause of the very real joy of what we believe was a 
clear example of God's help with solving a problem. • 

The second reason is that we see a very real com- 
parison of this experience and our spiritual life. 

We had a well driller come out to dig a well for us, 
and after much thought and discussion we chose a pro- 
mising spot and he began to drill. Of course, something 
of this nature is always fascinating to watch, and we 
spent quite a bit of time with him the first day or so. 

We got acquainted with the man and happened to no- 
tice he carried a little Bible in his lunchbox and read 
it when he was eating or resting. This led to some 
fellowship with him about the joys and rewards of a 
Christian life, which thrilled us as it always does 
when we meet someone who loves the Lord. 

After about a day of drilling he was down to 190 
feet and had only found about 2 gallons a minute, which 
was not encouraging. We went to bed that night hoping 
tomorrow would be better. We talked to the Lord about 
it and left it in His hands with the confidence that 


no matter what the outcome, it would be all right* 

The next day we had to leave for an overnight trip 
about 3 o'clock. He was down to 250 feet and there was 
no sign of improvement. Now this isn't deep for our 
country, but the problem was our pocketbookl We could 
not afford to keep on digging indefinitely with no pro- 
mise of any improvement. 

We called the well driller from San Jose that night. 
He was down to 300 feet with only very slight improve- 
ment — still not enough to keep a house and yard ade- 
quately supplied. We could get along but it would 
never be satisfactory. But we had to make a decision 
whether to stop or go on. We decided, because of fi- 
nances, to stop at 300 feet and get along with what we 
had and maybe in a few years we could go deeper. 

So the next morning the man went back and prepared 
to pull up his drill, but he was so disappointed and 
upset he was heartsick and just didn't know what to do. 
He knew how badly we needed that water. 

He went over and sat down under an oak tree to think 
about it. He knew we couldn't afford to pay him to go 
deeper, and if he drilled more by his own decision it 
would be his expense, and who could tell how much far- 
ther he might go with no improvement. So he said, "I 
just talked to the Lord about it. I said, 'Lord, what 
shall I do?' n And he got a strong feeling he should go 
down a little farther. So he put another length of pipe 
on his rig and started to drill. He went down five feet 
and hit twelve gallons a minute 1 It just blew out the 
bop and rolled down the hill I He said he's confident 
we could go down another 100 feet and get 150 gallons 
a minute if we ever need it. Needless to say, there 
was fervent rejoicing around our place for a few days 
and we still get a thrill just watching our sprinkler 
running out there on the hill. Good, cold water for us 
to make a beautiful yard and garden. 

Here we might have lived for years barely able to 
get along when only five feet farther down was all that 
life-giving water. We'd have got along but it would 
always have been pinched and unsatisfactory. 


And that's the way it is with God's spiritual riches . 
They're all there in unlimited abundance IF we reach 
out and take them* We're only limited by ourselves* 
And if we are content to just "get along 1 ' with a meager 
supply we can do it, but look what we're missing. It's 
an adventure beyon d description to reach out in faith 
and expanding confidence for the riches of God's great 
storehouse. The riches are there — but we have to reach 
for them — ever going deeper — throwing ourselves confi- 
dently onto the currents of the abundant life on the 
wings of faith with a joyful lift of the heart. And 
the more of God's riches we can grasp for our own, the 
greater our awareness of how much more there is I We're 
only touching them with the tip of our little finger, 
but knowing how glorious it is now, how much more so it 
will be when we have it in all its fulness when we meet 
our Savior face to face. 

"Launch out into the deep, and let down your nets 
for a draught." (Luke 5:4) 

— Vera Miller 

Tuolumne, California 


We, the members of the Old Brethren in Canada, Ohio 
and Indiana have chosen September 22 & 23 for a Com- 
munion Service at the Wakarusa meeting house, and 
September 30 in Canada. 

We extend a hearty invitation to the members and 
friends to be with us x>n these. occasions. - 

—Elmer Brovont 

The Salida congregation have agreed, the Lord wil- 
ling, to hold our fall Love Feast on November 3 & 4. 
Members and friends are welcome to attend. 

—Daniel F. Wolf 


COVER - a son, Samuel John, born August $ to Joe and 
Carol Cover of MiWuk, California. 

g . . . , „ . THE ,. PILGRIM 

This month 1 s question: 

Did the Old Testament prophets see and foretell of 

the Church age? 


In regard to the question in The Pilgrim concerning 
whether the prophets saw the Church age, I feel there 
are several scriptures which would definitely indicate 
that they did. 

Acts 2: 16 says/ "But this is that which was spoken 
by the prophet Joel ..." 

Acts 3^24: "Yea 3 and all the prophets from Samuel 
and those that follow after, as many as have spoken, 
have likewise foretold of these' days." 

Again in Acts 4:25 in their prayer to God the apos- 
tles quoted from David* s writing, Also Acts 4:11* 

Acts 15:15: "And to this agree the words of the 
prophets; as- it is written, After this I will return, 
and will build again the tabernacle of David, which is 
fallen down; and I wall build again the ruins thereof, 
and I will set it up: That the residue of men might 
seek after the Lord, and all the Gentiles, upon whom 
my "name is called, saith the Lord, who doeth all these 
things." (Acts 15:15-1?) I Peter 1:10-12 also seems to 
bear this out. See also II Peter 1:19-21* 

The Apostle Paul quoted from the prophets as did 
also the Lord; 

In Luke 4:21 Jesus said, after He had read from the 
prophets, "This day is this scripture fulfilled in your 
ears." II Peter 1:21 says, "For the prophecy came not 
in old time by the will of man: but holy men of God 
spake as they wrere moved by the Holy Ghost." 

This Holy* Ghost is the third person in the Godhead. 
Surely the church age would not be a blank 'to Him. 

In Christian love, 
Elmer Brovont 
Rossville, Indiana 


To answer this question,, one word would be suffi- 
cient; but, for the sake of edification we will answer 
as follows,, 

First must be considered the eternal plan of God," 
who chose us in Jesus Christ (Ephesians 1:3-6) before 
the foundation of the world c This shows that God 
planned to have a people even before Adam. Even as 
when we have a plan and take the necessary steps to ac- 
complish this end, so God in His infinite wisdom took 
the necessary steps through the ages of time to accom- 
plish His end. Thus, God, by the Holy Spirit, put 
words into the mouths of His prophets to prepare a peo- 
ple who were to be '" built upon the foundation of the 
apostles and prophets, Jesus Christ himself being the 
chief corner stone; In whom all the building (Notice 
context: Jews and Gentiles) fitly framed together 
groweth unto an holy temple in the Lord. 11 (Ephesians 2: 
20,21) Wonderful plan! Praise the Lord, my soul I 
As in any plan a step taken out of context does not 
have any merit, but the steps taken together make this 
plan culminate into the "glorious church 11 that Christ 
presents to Himself. (Ephesians 5:27) " '"' n 

We can say without disputations that the Old Testa- 
ment prophets were full of prophecies foretelling of • 
Jesus the Messiah and of His people or church. They 
start with God r s promise given in Genesis 3:15 and are 
expounded on by those in the Spirit, being fulfilled 
in the- New Testament. We .would refer. the reader to 
Isaiah 49-56, but oh, the list goes on and on. 

The former, part of this question has received the 
greater part of the controversy, but not so in ages be- 
fore the originators, J.N. Darby and his colleagues/ 
which controversy has been abundantly manifested to us 
through the acceptance of the C. I. Scofield reference 
Bible and other publications. To say the prophets of 
old did not see the Church would be to say John in his 
great revelation to the Church did not see the Church 
in its glorified state. It is said in that encouraging 
and sobering chapter of faith that "These all died in 
faith, not having received the promises, but having 


seen them afar off, and were persuaded of them, and 
embraced them, ■ -and confessed that they were strangers 
and pilgrims, on the earth •" (Hebrews 11:13) 

— Fred Miller 

Sonora, California 

It seems to me this question was adequately answered 
about 1940 years ago by an eminent authority on pro- 
phetic interpretation. His name was Simon Peter. He 
was directed by the same Spirit as were the Old Testa- 
ment prophets. Here is what he said: "Yea, and all 
the prophets from Samuel and those that follow after, 
as many as have spoken, have likewise foretold of these 
days." (Acts 3:24) 

— Harold Royer 
Goshen, Indiana 

Next month 1 s question: 

In Matthew 18:5 (compare also Mark 9:37) Jesus says: 
"And whoso shall receive one such little child in my 
name receiveth me." How can we do this? 

Send your comment on this question or send a ques- 
tion of your own to The Pilgrim. 


Recently we watched as far across the mountain range 
the smoke rolled up from a forest fire which was to be 
the worst in this area for over 20 years. It burned 
17,470 acres and destroyed $10 million in timber and 
$18 million in damaged watershed area. It was finally- 
brought under control at a cost of over |1| million 
and the work of 2600 men, 20 bulldozers, borate planes 
and other equipment. 

Authorities believe this great fire was started at 
one place by a careless camper or smoker. It makes us 
think of the comments of James about fire and the 
tongue, James 3:5&6 says, "Even so the tongue is a lit- 
tle member, and boasteth great things. Behold, how 


great a matter a little fire kindlethl And the tongue 
is a fire j a world of iniquity: so is the tongue among 
our members, that it defileth the whole body, and set- 
teth on fire the course of nature; and it is set on fire 
of hell," 

Is it really true that the tongue is that bad, and 
(as James writes farther on) that no man can tame it? 
Jesus says, "For by thy words thou shalt be justified, 
and by thy words thou shalt be condemned," I am sure 
it is true that the tongue is that bad. It can cause 
tremendous damage, and no man can tame it. But God canl 

In Romans 10r9 is described man's response to God's 
gracious offer of salvation, "That if thou shalt con- 
fess with thy mouth the Lord Jesus, and shalt believe 
in thine heart that God hath raised him from the dead, 
thou shalt be saved." This can be the . beginning of a 
renewed tongue. From this confession the newborn 
Christian can move to a life of speaking the truth, 
speaking for the Lord, praising Him and testifying to 

You might protest that you cannot talk like some 
can or say the right things to help anyone else. Then 
the words of God to Moses are for you. When God told 
Moses he was to go to Egypt to deliver Israel, he pro- 
tested, "0 my Lord, I am not eloquent, neither hereto- 
fore, nor since thou hast spoken unto thy servant; but 
I am slow of speech, and of a slow tongue. And the 
Lord said unto him, Who hath made man's mouth? or who 
maketh the dumb, or deaf, or the seeing, or the blind? 
have not I the Lord? Now therefore go > and I will be 
with thy mouth, and teach thee what thou shalt say." 

Though the tongue can be used for gossip, slander, 
cursing and complaining and cause the speaker and 
others untold grief and pain, still it can be used (if 
it is yielded to God) for God's glory and for praise 
and adoration and for the promotion of the cause of 
the Lord Jesus. "Let the words of my mouth, and the 
meditation of my heart, be acceptable in thy sight, 
Lord, my strength, and my redeemer." (Psalms 19:14) 

— L,C. 


By D, L. Miller —1884 

Wednesday, March 19, at four o T clock in the morning, 
our slumbers were broken by the beating of tin pans and 
ringing bells, and long before sunrise we were in the 
saddle and off, on what proved to be the longest and 
most fatiguing .day's ride of our whole trip. Our course 
lay directly north over the mountains and hills of the 
wilderness of Judea. As our camp was pitched at the 
foot of the mountains, the business of climbing began 
at once, . . . 

After riding upward for an hour, we reach the top of 
the first hill, and here a stop is made to take a last 
look at the lower valley of the Jordan, The sun was 
just rising from behind Mount Nebo, flooding the. beauti- 
ful and fertile valley with its rays of bright light. 
i'he mountains of Moab, with Nebo and Pisgah, stood out 
in the clear morning light in bold relief. The Dead 
Sea, in its gloom and desolation, lay at our feet, 
whilst the winding Jordan was visible for miles up and 
down the valley, its course distinctly marked by the 
borders of verdure that grew on its banks. We are trav- 
eling by the same road by which the prophet Elisha went 
up from Jericho to Bethel, when the children came out 
and mocked him. Joshua and the. hosts of Israel marched 
ap these mountain, steeps on that memorable day when the 
battle of Beth-horon was fought and the sun and moon 
stood still in the valley of Ajalon. It must have been 
nard marching, for we find it a fatiguing ride* , . . 

We pass the ancient site of Ai or Hai. It is spoken 
of in Genesis 12:8 as having lain east of Bethel, and 
it was here, having Bethel on the west and Hai on the 
dast, that Abraham built an altar and sacrificed to the 
Lord. The most remarkable circumstance connected with 
Ai was its siege by Joshua. The walls of Jericho had 
fallen down before the army of Israel, and the conquest 
of the land was to be energetically pushed forward. The 


city was taken by stratagem and utterly destroyed, 
"And Joshua burnt Ai, and made it a heap forever, even 
a desolation unto this day." (Joshua 8:28) From Ai a 
ride of two miles and a half brought us to Bethel, 
where we gladly dismounted for our noonday lunch, hav- 
ing been in the saddle six hours. The day was cool 
with an occasional shower of rain which did not add to 
the pleasure of the trip. We ate our lunch in the ruins 
of a church built during the Crusades. # . . 

The Arab village which stands on the hillside is 
called Betin, identical with the ancient Bethel or Luz. 
The sacredness of the place dates back to Abraham 1 s 
time. It was to this place that Jacob,, weary with his 
journey, took stones for a pillow and lay down to sleep; 
and here the Lord appeared unto him in a wonderful 
dream and renewed to him the promises made to Abraham 
and to Isaac his father. And Jacob, in amazement, ex- 
claimed, "How dreadful is this placel this is none 
other than the house of God, and this is the gate of 
heaven." (Genesis 28:17) And he changed the name from 
Luz to Bethel, or "House of God." Joshua allotted the 
place to Benjamin as a frontier town. Here the ark of 
God also was deposited for a time, and it was here that 
Samuel annually judged Israel. (1 Samuel 7:16) It was 
the chief scene of Jeroboam's idolatry and wickedness. 

. ♦ • Leaving Bethel, we continue our journey north- 
ward, riding along the crest of the hills, passing on 
the way several Arab villages. We are now in the fa- 
vored land of Ephraim, and the terraced hillsides a- 
bound with olive and fig orchards and numerous vine- 
yards. If the mountain ranges were covered with timber 
as they were in ancient times, the scenery would be 
beautiful; as it is, the barren mountain and hilltops 
give the whole country a desolate and unfruitful ap- 
pearance. . # . 

Instead of going direct to Shechem, we take the road 
that leads to Shiloh, the Arabic name of which is 
Seilan. The place is now a heap of ruins. It was here 
that the tabernacle was set up, and the portion of 
seven tribes of the children of Israel was allotted to 


them. Here Eli, the high priest, lived and had under 
his protection the youthful Samuel with whom the Lord 
conversed while he was yet a youth; and it was here that 
che aged priest fell backward and broke his neck when 
he heard that his two sons had fallen in battle, and 
that the ark of God had been taken by Philistines, The 
large mound covered with huge masses of stone and broken 
columns is all that remains of ancient Shiloh, and one 
is forcibly reminded, while looking at the ruins, of the 
words of the prophet Jeremiah* !I Go ye now unto My place 
which was in Shiloh, where I set My name at the first, 
and see what I did for it, for the wickedness of My 
people Israel." (Jeremiah 7:12) 

From Shiloh we cross the well-cultivated valley and 
pass by Lubban, the Lebonah of the Bible, We now have, 
for the first time since we left Jerusalem, a good, 
level piece of road, and our horses, tired of picking 
their way over stony roads, are as glad of it as we are. 
The land here is fairly well cultivated, and it is the 
most fruitful part of Palestine that we have yet visited. 
We could imagine that with the mountains covered with 
timber and with the greater amount of rainfall that the 
country enjoyed before the destruction of the timber, 
it must have been exceedingly fertile and productive and 
that it could well support the dense population that 
covered these fertile plains, hills and valleys when 
David was king. Ascending a hill we have before us the 
great plain surrounded by the mountains of Samaria. 
t-lts. Gerizim and Ebal, the mounts of blessing and curs- 
ing, are in full view. The plain Is level and those who 
are so inclined can enjoy a gallop over the comparative- 
ly smooth road. On the way we met a woman with a small 
child, sitting on an ass, and a man leading the animal, 
and we thought of the flight into Egypt. Our course 
leads us to Jacob's Well, where we stop for our noonday 
meal and our rest. This place is sacred to the Jews and 
Christians alike, and all authorities agree that it was 
here that our Savior sat and conversed with the woman 
of Samaria. Around about us are the geographical, evi- 
dences that this is the very spot so minutely described 

THE PILGRIM ____ 15 

in the New Testament, To our left and only a short 
distance away stands Mount Gerizim, . on which then stood 
the great Samaritan temple; and it was to this mountain 
that the woman pointed when she said, "Our fathers wor- 
shiped in this mountain; and ye say that in Jerusalem 
is the place where men ought to worship. 11 (John 4:20) 
Around about us are the grain fields to which the Master 
pointed His disciples when He told them that the fields 
were "white already to harvest," At this place Jacob 
had his only possession in the land of promise , a field 
that he bought "for an hundred pieces of money." (Gene- 
sis 33^19) The Amorites, however, not respecting his 
title, took it from him, but he reconquered it. "I took 
it out of the hand of the Amorite with my sword. and with 
my bow." (Genesis 48:22) And when the aged patriarch 
was dying down in Egypt, he gave this parcel of land to 
his son Joseph who, many years after, commanded that 
his bones should be carried up from Egypt and be buried 
here, and his tomb is to be seen here today. 

An arch, resting on heavy walls, was built over the 
well, At one end the arch is broken away and, descen- 
ding about 12 feet through this opening, we come to the 
mouth of the well which is raised wlightly above the., 
ground at the bottom of the arch. The well is about 65 
feet deep, but it is largely filled with rubbish and 
may have been double this depth at first. With the help 
of some Arabs who brought some ropes, we succeeded in 
drawing water from the well. It was fresh and clear 
and pleasant to the taste. 

From the well we rode to Joseph's tomb, a 'modern 
building reconstructed by Mr. Rogers, British Consul 
at "Damascus, in 1868, Speaking of this tomb/ Mr. Mc~ 
Garvey saysr "The probability that this is the real 
resting place of the bones of Joseph is very great. 
His mummy, when brought up out of Egypt by Joshua, was 
buried in the ' parcel of ground which Jacob bought of" 
the 'sons of Hamor, the father of Shechem, for an hundred 
pieces of silver* (Joshua 24:32), and this is that par- 
cel of ground. w 

From Letters From Bible Lands. 



How would you like to live to be 900 years old? We 
don't think of living that long, do we? People we know 
very seldom live to be 100. But long,, long ago people 
lived to be very old. Adam lived to be 930 and the 
oldest man the Bible tells about lived to be 9&9. His 
name was Methuselah. The father of Methuselah was 
called Enoch and he was 65 years old when Methuselah 
was born.. The fifth chapter of Genesis tells of sev- 
eral men who lived to a great age. Enoch didn't live 
on earth as long as the other men recorded here. He 
only lived here for 365 years. 

The Bible says that Enoch walked with God and God 
took him. In the letter to the Hebrews the apostle 
Paul says that by faith Enoch was translated that he 
should not see death and was not found and that he 
pleased God* 

Do you know what it means to walk with God? I think 
it means to have God for our best friend If you have 
a friend that you like very well you want to do things 
that will please your friend, don't you? Well, that f s 
the way it was with Enoch. He loved God and wanted to 
be close to Him, It got so that Enoch loved God so 
much and God loved Enoch that God took him to heaven. 
And Enoch didn't have to die, 

Jesus says, "If you love me, keep my coraandmentau" 
If we do what Jesus tells us, it shows to Jesus we love 
Him and are trying to please Him.. And even if we do 
die Jesus has promised that those who love Him will 
have a home in heaven. n In my Father 1 s house are many 
mansions ... I go to prepare a place for- you , . . 
And I will come again, and receive you unto myself; that 
where I am, there ye may be also." 

Walking with God is worth while. It is the best way 
to live here and It will be much better in heaven. 
"For God so loved the world, that He gave His only be- 
gotten Con, that whosoever belie veth in Him should not 
perish, but have everlasting life." 

— Rudy Cover 


VOL. 20 OCTOBER, 1973 NO, 10 

"Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain 
from fleshly lusts, which war against the souL" 1 Peter 2: 1 1 


Lord, I am fondly, earnestly longing 
Into Thy holy likeness to grow; 
Thirsting for more and deeper communion, 
Yearning Thy love more fully to know. 

Dead to the world would I be, Father! 
Dead unto sin, alive unto Thee; 
Crucify all the earthly within me,' 
Emptied of sin and self may I be. 

I would be Thine, and serve Thee forever > 
Filled with Thy Spirit, lost in Thy love; 
Come to my heart, Lord, ccme with anointing, 
Showers of grace send down from above. 

Open the wells of grace and salvation, 
Pour the rich streams deep into my heart; 
Cleanse and refine my thought and affection, 
Seal me and make me pure as Thou art. 

E. A. Hoffman 

THE PILGRIM is a religious magazine published in the interests of the 
members of the Old Brethren Church, Subscription rate: $2.00 per year. Sample copies sent free 
on request. Publishing Editor: Leslie Cover; Consulting Editor: Daniel F. Wolf. 


11 No man can come to me, except the Father which hath 
sent me draw him: and I will raise him up at the last 

It is written in the prophets. And they shall be all 
taught of God. Every man therefore that hath heard, 
and hath learned of the Father, cometh unto me." (John 

Apparently, many Christians believe that this text 
indicates that souls are drawn to Christ by the Father 
in some secret, unexplainable manner apart from the 
conscious hearing and believing the Word of God and a 
willing, voluntary obedience thereto, And knowing that 
this process includes the operation of the Spirit of 
God upon the individual, it seems logical to conclude 
that such persons have already experienced the New 

This is probably the reason some churches require of 
their applicants for baptism that they must be able to 
testify that they have experienced the M New Birth" be- 
fore they are baptized. And they are baptized, then, 
not for the remission of sins as the Word of God 
.teaches, but "because they have been born again." 

By. carefully considering the many Scriptural texts 
relative to this subject it becomes evident that the 
"Drawing of the Father" and the "New Birth" are not one 
and the same experience* They are related in that the 
drawing of the Father is the beginning of a process 
which is intended to bring the penitent to the New 
Birth* It is not itself the New Birth, but the means 
whereby individuals are brought to the New Birth. It 
may be said to relate to the New or Spiritual Birth as 
conception relates to the natural birth. 

The "Drawing of the Father" in this text seems to 
have the same meaning as the "Calling of God" in many 


other texts — particularly in the writings of the apos- 
tles to the churches. Other similar greetings and sal- 
utations are: "Called to be saints ; Heavenly calling; 
Of him that hath called you; Called us to glory; Called 
you to his kingdom; Partakers of the heavenly calling" . 

Jesus said in His parables of the laborers in" the 
vineyard, and of the wedding guests, "For many are 
called, but few are chosen." This indicates that not 
all who receive the gracious call are obedient to it, 
and hence are not "chosen". Our text, says, "Every man 
therefore that hath heard, and hath learned of the 
Father, cometh unto me." Those who are not "chosen" 
may have heard the call of the Father by the Gospel, 
but have failed. or refused to "learn" of Him and come 
to Jesus. 

The apostle. Paul elaborates on this theme in the 
tenth chapter of Romans, where he shows that a saving 
faith in God and Jesus Christ is by the hearing of the 
Word of God and a willing obedience to it. "For the 
Scripture saith, Whosoever believeth on hirn shall not 
be ashamed. . ♦ For whosoever shall call upon the name 
of the Lord shall be saved. How then shall they call 
on him in whom they 'have not believed? and how shall 
they believe in him of whom they have not heard? and 
how shall they hear without a preacher? And how shall 
thev preach,, except they be sent? as it is written, 
How beautiful are the feet of them that preach the gos- 
pel of peace, and bring glad tidings of good things! 
But they have not all obeyed the gospel. For Esaias 
saith, Lord, who hath believed our report? So thSn 
faith cometh by hearing, and hearing by the Word of 
God." (Romans 10:11,13-17) 

Thus the apostle reveals how God calls and invites 
and. draws sinners to come to Christ and be saved. But 
this gracious call can be rejected and spurned. For he 
says, "But they have not all obeyed the gospel, . • But 
to Israel he said, All day long I have stretched forth 
my hands unto a disobedient and gainsaying people." 
(Romans 10:16,21) 


God is not arbitrary and cannot, by the very nature 
of his grace , force -men to accept it. This is most 
likely the meaning of Jesus 1 words when he says, "For 
many are called, but few are chosen •" 

Throughout both the New Testament and the Old, those 
who were called into the service of God and Jesus 
Christ responded to the conscious hearing of the voice 
of God and willingly obeyed* If the "drawing of the 
Father" was through some mysterious means apart from • 
the conscious intelligence of man, then the sinner 
could remain. passive and the responsibility would de- 
volve wholly upon God to save him without any choice of 
his own. If he had no "feeling" that he is being' 
called or drawn he could rest the matter with the 
Father and wait until he had an "experience" or feeling 
that he is being "drawn" . 

The saving Gospel of our Lord does not require of 
the sinner that he should "feel" some certain way about 
conversion* It requires action: Believe, Repent, and 
Obey. ; 

■ And so when peter preached so mightily to his fellow 
countrymen on the day of Pentecost, they -were made to 
cry out, "Men and brethren, what shall we do? Then 
Peter said unto them, Repent, and be baptized every one 
of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of 
sins, and ye shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost, 
For the promise is unto you, and to your children, and 
bo all that .are afar off, even as many as the Lord bur 
God shall call." (Acts 2:37-39) 

This is the precious gift of God's holy Presence to 
be in man. Under the Old Covenant, God's laws were en- 
graved in tables of stone, and God dwelt AMONG the 
children of Israel in a tabernacle. * But under the New 
Covenant, God's laws are written in the heart of the 
oeliever, and God dwells IN him. And the great miracle 
is wrought again as It was in Christ Jesus, for he was 
God incarnate. 

The Word says, "Then they that gladly received his 
word were baptized: and ,the same day there were added 
unto them about three thousand souls." (Acts 2:41) In .' 


the fifth chapter of the Acts, Peter said to the rulers 
who were persecuting them, n Him (Jesus) hath God ex- 
alted with his right hand to be a Prince and a Saviour, 
for to give repentance to Israel, and forgiveness of 
sins. And we are witnesses of these things; and so is 
also the Holy Ghost, whom God hath given to them that 
obey him." (Acts 5:31-32) 

These Scriptures, and many others that could be 
cited, show that the gift of the Holy Ghost is given 
only to those who willingly respond and obey the Word 
of God when they have heard its blessed message of 

When this process is fully wrought , then it can be 
consistently said that man is Born Again and is become 
a New Creature. 

—Daniel F. Wolf 
Modesto, California 


A successful and useful Christian life requires 
diligence. Diligence means "persevering application" 
or "persistant effort." We know that our salvation is 
net the result of our own work, but it has been pur- 
chased at the cost of the blood of Jesus Christ on 
the cross and freely given to us. We do not and can- 
not earn it. In fact,, one of the plainest doctrines 
in the scriptures is that of man* s unworthiriess and 
God's great mercy and grace. Therefore the saying, 
"You get what you pay for" certainly cannot apply to 
our salvation. Still, in our Christian experience and 
use fullness it does make a difference if we are diligent 
or if we are slothful. 

The American national sport of baseball is in its 
peak season as I write. The "world series" will soon 
be held again, and enthusiasm runs high among the base- 
.ball fans. These fans and the players themselves can 
be something of an example to Christians in the matter 
of diligence. The players are put through rigorous 



.raining to perfect the techniques of the sport that 
are so important if the team is to win. They eat 
right, exercise- properly, -get enough sleep and practice 
endlessly. They "give all diligence to perfect in them- 
selves the ability to compete on the playing field. 

We can easily see the comparison to the Christian 
life. How important it is to n eat right 1 ' and I mean 
more than food for our bodies , though that is important 
too. But to be spiritually skillful we need spiritual 
nourishment. We cannot feed our minds with the garbage 
of the bookstores and magazine racks and expect to 
flourish spiritually. We must feed on God's word and 
on Jesus Christ Himself— assimilate His .ways and open 
Dur hearts to His Spirit if we are to grow in grace 
and in the knowledge of our Lord and Saviour Jesus 

We must also have proper exercise and diligent prac- 
tice to be skillful Christians. Sometimes. we see those 
more experienced and farther advanced in Christian life. 
They know God's Word and they can give good answers 
and an effective testimony* We may wish to be more 
like them and think they could tell us how if they 
would* But perhaps we are like the amatuer that asked 
a" golf pro to show him how to hit the tell like he did. 
The pro could only point him to endless hours and days 
of practice — to blistered hands and muscles sore from 
constant swinging of the club. It is only though. prac- 
tice > experience and diligence that we become "exper- 
ienced" Christians . 

Important as practice is, it still is incomplete 
without proper instruction. The Holy Spirit can accom- 
plish this as we study the Word> and He can also teach 
us through our fellowmen. We can learn if we will. 
Simply knowing good teaching is not enough, but we 
must put it to practice and allow God to guide us and 
point out our mistakes. Jesus promised that "when" he, 
the Spirit of truth is come, -he will guide you into aU 
truth o" Read John 16:7-1.6. He also gives us the power 
to serve God. (Acts 1:8) 

We can see an example in the baseball fans as well as 


in the players. We surely think we have a more impor- 
tant field and goal than they have. And yet those 
sports enthusiasts can name players,.- tell of their 
accomplishments , batting averages, home" runs, shut 
outs 5 etc. etc. Can we match them in our Christian 
knowledge? Are we as diligent as. they? Do we know 
the missionary areas of Paul? who the first martyrs 
were? Can we name the Apostles? the books of the 
Bible? Do we catch it when a scripture is misquoted? 
And further , do we know these things because we have 
an intense interest in them 5 or do we memorize to get 
by or make a show? The sports fans have little hypoc- 
risy. They know the players because they are so ab- 
sorbed in following the games. They discuss the games 
freely with their friends, brag up their favorite play- 
ers and scoff at the opposing teams. I .marvel at their 
enthusiasm and diligence. I .wish I could have more' and 
more enthusiasm and praise in my life for the Lord who 
.gave Himself for me. He is our Champion, None can 
compare to Him,. He has broken all records and His 
records will stand forever. The heroes of faith 
through the ages have set some good examples, too. We 
can read and learn of their accomplishments. But in 
the end, all the great warriers in the Christian war- 
fare will give all praise and glory to Jesus Christ 
through whom we all have the victory. 

In Peter 1 s second epistle he tells us that through 
the ?1 exceeding great and precious promise s" we might 
be partakers of the divine nature, having escaped the 
corruption that is in the world through lust. But we 
must not stop with having escaped corruption. We must 
add on Christian qualities. "And beside this, giving 
all diligence , add to your faith virtue; and to virtue 
knowledge; and to knowledge temperance; and to temper- 
ance patience; and to patience godliness; And to god- 
liness brotherly kindness; and to brotherly kindness 
charity. 11 What a field for diligence 1 He goes on to 
say, "For if these things be in you., and abound, they 
make you that ye shall neither be barren nor unfruitful 
in the knowledge of our Lord Jesus Christ. , , .Wherefore 


the rather, brethren,, give diligence to make your 
calling and election sure." 

Paul, too, has something to say about our striving. . 
He makes the comparison to the athletes in his day. 
(I Corinthians 9:24) "Know. ye not that they which run 
in a race run all, bat one receiveth the prize? So 
run, that ye may obtain. And every man that striveth 
for mastery is temperate in all things. Nov/ they do 
it to obtain a corruptible crown; but we an incorrup- 
tible. I therefore so run, not as uncertainly; so 
fight I, not as one that beateth the air: But I keep 
under my body, and bring it into subjection: lest that 
by any means, when I have preached to, others, I myself 
should be a castaway." 

Here Paul recommends two things: diligent running 
or striving- and temperance in all things so that we 
may be qualified, able runners. And he mentions the 
crown. The athletes of this life strive for a crown — 
honor, victory, but it is only for this life. We have 
a far higher hoal, a lasting reward, and therefore a 
much greater motive for diligence End skillful striving. 

Let us not give up training, Let us continue the' 
race with diligence and patience, "Looking unto Jesus 
the author and finisher of our faith. n — L.C. 

Sieze your armer, gird it on; 
Nov/ the battle will be won; 
Seel the strife will soon be done; 
Then struggle manfully. 


r Tis not enough to bend the knee 

And words of .prayer to say, 
The heart must with the lips agree 

Or else we do not pray. 

The saints in prayer appear as one 

In word and deed and mind, 
While with the Father and the Son, 

Sweet fellowship they find. 

Selected by Elsie Wolf 



QUESTION? How do we apply to our lives the words of 
Paul to the Corinthians: "Be ye not unequally yoked 
together with unbelievers, . ." (II Corinthians 6:14) 


I believe the "Ye" is directed to and is for the 
benefit of committed believers. The yoke is used as a 
symbol of a close working arrangement or co-operation. 
The five questions following this admonition can have 
only one simple answer: Nonei For a Christian to co- 
operate with any of these conditions would surely be 
an unequal yoke. In, fact, it would be a moral impossi- 

First Corinthians 5:9 would teach us that we can hot 
altogether shun the ungodly or avoid casual contact with 
the unchristian people auound us, but we surely can not 
have close and habitual association with them. I be- 
lieve this would include any social, business, political, 
or fraternal alliance where we -might need to share re- 
sponsibility for unchristian conduct. A simple example 
might be the labor union movement . Regardless of how 
just their cause might be, we know they are controlled 
by greedy men who will not hesitate to use deceit and 
violence to gain their ends. The apostle would not have 
Christians sharing responsibility for such deeds." 

"Be not unequally yoked together with unbelievers" 
is saying practically the same thing as "Be not conform- 
ed to this world." Both are negative instructions and 
are probably intended for those of us who are weak in 
the faith. A mature Christian who has the love of God 
in his heart and the laws of God written in the heart, 
who is filled with the Spirit, and who 'by '.reason of use 
has his senses exercised to discern both good and evil, 
will live above the scope of these admonitions. 

Surely our speech, our actions, and our appearance 
will indicate whether we are yoked with believers or 
with fashion, sports, politics, pride, money, etc. 

Jesus said, "Take my yoke..." — Harold Royer 

Goshen, Indiana 


By Elder David A. Skiles 

"For they that say such things declare plainly that 
they seek a country." (Hebrews 11:14) 

The Christian is a pilgrim; a constant, ever-moving 
traveler toward a goal, a destination, a country that is 
m heavenly, the Eternal City, the land of rest- — the 
hope of reaching that point being the impelling force of 
his movement. 

Israel left the land of Egyptian bondage harnessed, 
and with their kneading troughs and unleavened dough, 
provision for at least the beginning of their journey 
Toward the land of milk and honey, Noah, before embark- 
ing on his watery voyage of deliverance, was told by God 
to gather- and take unto him of all food that is eaten, 
this to provide for his living cargo during the 150 days 
of his sojourn on the face of the waters. Joseph, the 
Kind-hearted man of God, before he sent his brethren on 
:-heir homeward way commanded that their sacks have pro- 
visions in them for their journey. Great ships do not 
leave their port for a distant land without abundant 
provisions in their storage. Were we contemplating a 
journey to a distant point in our land, what is needed 
ohere and along the way would be among the things need- 
ing consideration, as also is the conveyance safe, do I 
"lave a knowledge of the way, and is my pilot efficient. 
One thing of perhaps equal importance would be to leave, 
back all unnecessary luggage that would be excessive 
weight and a hindrance to safe and easy travel, result- 
ing in a too late arrival at the point we aim to reach. 

So on this journey from the bondage of sin and evil 
toward the heavenly Canaan the traveler must see that 
the ship -is safe, that the necessary provisions are on 
board at least for the launching out and the first lap" 
of the trip/ for it is quite probable if the journey is 
a long one -there would be need for refueling and replen- 
ishing along the way. . , 

So having embarked upon the ship of Zion, and having 
left behind the weights of sin, we now begin to stock up 


on the essential provisions of the way* And as we pass 
along can we think of some of the many things so need- 
ful for a sure and safe arrival? Having eliminated the 
heritage of sin through the redeeming power of the 
blood of Christ and washing of regeneration what shall 
I need along the way? One thing perhaps first and 
foremost — God having loved me so that He gave His Son 
to die for me --shall I not need to have love for Him. 
and for those that are His and even for my enemies as 
He taught? A practical and compassionate love as shown 
by the good Samaritan in Luke 10:33* No doubt one 
thing I will need along the way is patience, a quality 
in which we posess our souls « Humility and freedom 
from' self-conceit no doubt will please my pilot well, 
for to the humble He has promised grace and favor suf- 
ficient. I probably need no commanding power over my 
fellow "men, as God commands and man intreats., I will 
need God's Holy Spirit. I will need -to -be wise as the 
serpent and harmless as the dove. I will need to be 
merciful so that I may receive mercy, to be blameless 
and harmless in the midst of this crooked and perverse 
nation so that at the end of the way I may 'reach 

That country far from mortal sight 

Which oh, by faith I see. 
That land of rest, the saints 1 delight, 

That heaven prepared for me s 

(Made available by Harvey Skiles) 


The Salida congregation have agreed, the Lord wil- 
ling, to hold our fall Love Feast on November 3rd and 
4th of this year. A hearty invitation and welcome is 
extended to members and friends to attend. 

—Daniel F. Wolf 


* We were made to rejoice when Jean Martin was received 
into our fellowship by Christian baptism Sunday October 
21st at Wakarusa, Indiana, — Elmer Brovont 




By D. L. Miller —1835 

We now have a fine view of the conical hill known as 
Mount Tabor and soon reach the village of Nain. This 
place is interesting on account of the miracle per- 
formed here by. our Savior. As He neared the city with 
His disciples, they met a funeral procession, A young 
man, the son of a widow, was. being carried to the tomb, 
"And when the Lord saw her He had compassion on. her, 
and said unto her, Weep not. And He came and touched 
the bier; and they that bare him stood still. And He 
said, Young man, I say unto thee, arise. And he that 
was dead sat up and began to speak. And He delivered 
him to his mother," (Luke 7:13-15) 

The sun was sinking in the west as we rode up a 
steep hillside, from the top of which Nazareth was .in 
full view, descending into a valley which leads away 
into the plain of Esdraelon, and we urged our horses to 
a faster pace and entered Nazareth just as the setting 
sun's last rays gilded the white houses on the hillside. 
Our camp we found pitched in a pleasant place on the 
north side of the town. It was Saturday evening, and 
our first week's ride in Palestine was completed. No 
one can tell, without the experience, how welcome this 
resting place was to us. Tired and sore, utterly worn 
out by the long rides over the rough roads, never was a 
resting place more grateful to weary travelers. We 
have now ridden 172 miles since we first mounted our 
horses at Jerusalem, and both horses and riders have 
earned a day's rest. 

We have our camp pitched in a most delightful spot 
near the Virgin's Fountain. We have no recollection of 
ever having enjoyed a more refreshing night's rest than 
we did here at Nazareth in our tent. The sun was shin- 
ing brightly before we left our beds in the morning. 
At 10 o* clock we attended services in the. English 
Church and heard a sermon preached in the Arabic to an 


attentive audience. At eleven, services were conducted 
in the English by Revs. Gorden and Mears, two ministers 
of the Church of England, both of whom belonged to our 
party. The Bible account of the Shunammite woman was 
read very impressively and a sermon preached. 

In the afternoon we started out for a walk, intend- 
ing to reach the top of the hill, on the side of which 
Nazareth is built, but we lost our way in the narrow 
winding streets. An Arab boy about twelve years old 
came to our aid, and we made him understand by signs 
where we wished to go. He was bright and intelligent 
and comprehended our wishes instantly. We. reached the 
top of the hill and found a quiet place to sit down and 
write, and part of this letter was written on that 
hilltop, with our little Arab guide sitting by our side 
and watching every movement made. 

What a panorama is spread out before usl We have. 
Main, Endor, Jenin, Dothan, Jezreel, Mount Tabor, 
Little Hermon,.the mountains of Gilboa, and Samaria in 
full view, and nestled on the hillside at our feet is 
the quiet city of Nazareth, where our Divine Master 
spent His childhood and His youth, serving His father 
and working as a carpenter. Today we have had pointed 
out to us the spot where the house stood in which He 
lived, the carpenter shop, and other sacred sites, but 
these have only the merest tradition to support them 
and we do not care to see more of them. It is enough 
for us to know that here. He lived and labored, and here 
He taught in the synagogue, of the Jews, who stubbornly 
rejected Him and. sought to thrust Him down from the 
hill on which the city stood, probably from this very 
hill upon which we are now sitting, for the town is 
built on its side. Coming down from the hilltop, our 
little guide was made happy by a small piece of silver, 
which we gave him when we dismissed him. . 

One of the most interesting places here is the 
Virgin 1 s Fountain. It is a strong spring of pure, 
fresh water. In the evening we stood by the fountain 
and watched the village maidens and women as they came 
out to the fountain for water and for the purpose of 


washing their clothes. Here are a half dozen women 
standing, in the water, washing wool and articles of 
clothing. The washing is done by dipping the pieces in 
the water and then laying them on a large , flat stone 
and pounding them with a heavy piece of wood. This 
dipping and pounding process is kept up alternately un- 
til the washing is done. 

Here are a number of the village maidens filling 
water jars and then, dexterously raising them to the top 
of their heads, carrying them to the town. The jars are 
large, oval in shape, hold about three gallons each, and 
are made of a light, porous clay. It is surprising to 
see. the women poise these jars, filled with water, on 
top of their heads and walk away with them without hold- 
ing them in their place. It is a picturesque sight and 
one sees, many bright, intelligent faces. The villagers 
are, for the most part, neat and clean and dress very 

The contrast, is so great between the people of 
Nazareth and of the other villages that we have visited 
that we look for the cause. And it is found In the fact 
that here a school has been at work for a number of 

Many years ago, Miss Dixon, a wealthy English lady, 
determined to devote her life and fortune to the task of 
educating the people of Nazareth. Her self-sacrificing 
labor has borne abundant fruit, and today the result of 
her work can be seen in the better condition of the peo- 
ple, the intelligent faces and the neat little. town on 
the hillside. Education has done much for Nazareth and 
more still remains to be done. The population is var- 
iously estimated at from six to ten thousand. It is 
almost impossible to get the correct census of a town 
under Turkish rule. Probably six thousand is not far 
from the number. Of these, 2,200 are Moslems, 2,700 
Greek Christians, 900 Catholics, 100 Maronites and 100 
Protestants. We have had a delightful day at Nazareth, 
and as it closes and the shades of night gather around 
us, we thank the Lord that it has been our privilege to 
spend a quiet Sabbath day at the mountain home of our 
blessed Savior. From Letters From Bible Lands 



Why bond your souls to empty forms again? 

And close your eyes to sunlight bright and clear? 
Why turn again the burdens too long borne? 

Why be a slave when liberty is here? 

Ahl well you listened and drank in the Truth 

Of One who died and rose again for you. 
The word was preached to you with power and signs 

Your heart believed this message to be true. 

You told it out and made a holy stand. 

Baptized you were into that holy name. 
And now you feed the flesh and starve the soul. 

Forgotten is the Holy One who came. 

It cannot be; you 1 re His; you're mine. 

I cannot, will not let you go again • 
You 1 re sons of God by faith in Jesus Christ, 

And Moses ! law has lost on you its claim. 

God's message of His Son your heart received, 
And sons of God you are by simple faith in Him. 

So God has sent the Spirit of His Son 

Into your hearts to teach a glad refrain. 

Go! Rest again upon this bed of faith; 

And childlike close your eyes to darkness drear, 
So wake again to view a smiling face, 

And greet Him with those words He loves to hear: 
"Abba Father. 11 

— James D. Cover 

Others may do a greater work, 
But you have your part to do; 

And no one in all God's heritage 
Can do it so well as you. 

Selected by Crpha Wagner from Streams in the Desert 



After Enoch was taken to heaven, his son, Methusalah, 
had a son called Lamech, and Lamech had a son called 
Noah. It was in Noah's time that the wickedness of man 
became very great. There were giants on the earth at 
that time. It seems that mankind became so wicked and 
sinful that they forgot all about God who had made the 
earth and had given them a good place to live and food 
uo eat. God said that His Spirit would not always 
strive with man, but that He would let them live another 
120 years. God was sorry that He had made man and it 
grieved God in His heart; but man became so sinful that 
God determined to destroy man from off the face of the 

Now Noah was .a righteous man; he walked with God 
like Enoch, and Noah found grace in the eyes of the 
Lord. The people of the earth were so wicked that 
Noah and his wife and his sons and their wives were 
the only good people left on the earth. So God told 
Noah to build a large boat. This boat was to be 450 
feet long, 75 feet wide and 45 feet high — big enough 
to hold all the animals and birds that God wanted to* 
save. It has been estimated that there was room in 
this big boat for 7,000 different kinds of animals. 

God told Noah to seal this big boat with pitch so 
that it would not leak. He also told Noah to take all 
kinds of food so that they would have something to eat 
because God would send a flood upon the earth. It 
would rain for 40 days and 40 nights, and God would 
destroy every living thing from off the face of the 
earth except those that were in the big boat that Noah 
built . 

The Bible says, "As it was in the days of Noah, so 
shall it be at the coming of the Son of man." God 
wants man to be good and God is merciful. But when 
man becomes so wicked that there is hardly any good 
left, God will destroy the wicked and save the right- 

^—Rudy Cover 


VOL. 20 NOVEMBER, 1973 NO. 11 

"Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain 
from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul." 1 Peter 2:11 


We thank God this Thanksgiving Day, 

For all these treasured stores; 
Fruits of our labors from the fields, 

And gardens and much more; 
For peace on earth, goodwill toward men, 

For we have lived in peace; 
We hear again and yet again 

That warfares never cease , 

Help us to hear the orphan's cry, 

And share our treasures too. 
Lord give us strength as days go by, 

As we the years review, 
To help the needy, those in pain, 

Who comfort from us seek; 
And then when we need help again, 

These words of comfort speak, 

Tt Ye who are weary, come to me, 

And I will give you rest;' 1 
For there are those across the sea 

Who* re not so richly blessed; 
And some with not much food to eat, 

Help us to share with these; 
Then may we hear these echoes sweet: 

"Ye f ve done it unto me. f! 

— Esther R. Weber 

"THE PILGRIM is a religious magazine published in the interests of the 
members of the Old Brethren Church. Subscription rate: $2.00 per year. Sample copies sent free 
on request. Publishing Editor: Leslie Cover; Consulting Editor: Daniel F. Wolf. 


From the many Gospel accounts of Jesus 1 ministry- 
while here on earthy it is evident that He did not con- 
sent to the Pharisees* interpretation of the meaning of 
the Sabbath Day. 

In His sermon on the mount and in several other in- 
stances He referred to a number of the commandments of 
the decalogue, but in none of them did He ever refer to 
the fourth commandment or enjoin its observance on any 
of His disciples. But when charged by the Jews that 
His disciples did that which was not lawful on the 
Sabbath Day, He answered them, "The sabbath was made 
for man, and not man for the sabbath: Therefore the 
Son of man is Lord also of the sabbath," (Mark 2:27-28) 
The reasonable interpretation of this statement would 
be that the Sabbath was made for man's- benefit, and 
that Jesus had the authority to interpret its meaning. 

Sabbath means "rest" and is so interpreted in both 
the Old and New Testaments. And Jesus' attitude and 
doctrine concerning the Sabbath Day strongly indicates 
that in Himself is the fulfillment of all the meaning 
of the Sabbath Day. For He says in Matthew 11:28, 
"Come unto me, all ye that labour and are heavy laden, 
and I will give you rest. 11 In Hebrews 4:3 it is said, 
"For we which Tiave believed do enter into rest, as he 
said, As I have sworn in my wrath, if they (the chil- 
dren of Israel who fell in the wilderness) shall enter 
into my rest: although the works were finished from 
the foundation of the world." Verse 10, Hebrews 4 
says, "For he that is entered into his rest, he. also 
hath ceased from his own works, as God did from his." 

Thus Hebrews 4 seems to say that God's true Sabbath 
or rest is not a day but a, perpetual condition of which 
the seventh day was a sign, and that this true rest was 
prepared (made for man) from the foundation of the 


world. We. should remember that God "rested" on the 
seventh day in the sense that His work was finished — 
completed. He did not resume the work He had been do- 
ing on the next day after the seventh, "For in six 
days the Lord made heaven and earth, and the sea and 
all that in them is, and rested on the seventh day." 

Adam was created on the sixth or last day of the 
creation week. Therefore the first realization that 
Adam had of himself he was in God's "rest". God T s sev- 
enth day was Adam's first day of realization and activ- 
ity. Although he was last, in the order of creation, 
the Scriptures clearly indicate he was first in the ■ 
mind of God in the purpose of creation, and all the 
rest of the creation was made for his benefit. This is 
proven by the fact that God gave him dominion over the 
rest of His creation, as said in Genesis 1:28; Hebrews 

Thus Adam and his posterity were intended to be 
heirs of the finished work of God. He did not work for 
himself nor for what God gave him. He was to "dress 
and keep" the garden, but there is no indication that 
he had to work for a living. For in the garden was 
every tree that is pleasant to the sight, and good for 
food ; the tree of life also in the midst of the garden, 
and the tree of knowledge of good and evil. There is 
no indication that he was heavy laden or had any burden 
of soul, and God mercifully warned them to not eat of 
the tree of knowledge of good and evil "lest ye die." 

But through the subtilty of Satan they disobeyed 
God ! s voice and sinned and were expelled from Paradise, 
from. the presence of God and from the tree of life. So 
by transgression Adam fell and lost the rest which was 
prepared from the foundation of the world. In this 
state he was compelled to work for himself to make a 
living, and in sorrow eat bread in the sweat of his 
face until he returned to the ground from whence he was 

Chapters 3 and 4 of Hebrews tell of the children of 
Israel under Moses being delivered from Egyptian bond- 
age and promised a land of rest, which was a figure of 
the true rest that remains for the "people of God." 


But because of unbelief they failed to enter in, 
(Hebrews 3:7-19) Although the children of those who 
fell in the wilderness were led into the Canaan land 
by Joshua, it was not the true rest because another day 
was spoken of. (Hebrews 4:8) 

Again in David "after so long a time ," God again 
promised the rest or true Sabbath which He intended 
from the foundation of the world when He rested from 
all His works. This is "the rest which remaineth for 
the people of God 11 and is found only in Christ Jesus, 
the son of David. "For we which have believed do enter 
in to his rest,, as he said, . ." Thus entering into, 
the reality of what the seventh day signified until 
Christ should come and put away sin by the sacrifice of 

The Sabbath Day was first given to the children of 
Israel in the desert when God gave them manna to eat, 
and was later included in the ten commandments. It Is 
clearly stated in Exodus 31:13 that it was for a sign 
to themr "Verily my sabbaths ye shall keep: for it is 
a sign between me and you throughout your generations; 
that ye may know that I am the Lord that doth sanctify 
you," "And remember that thou wast a servant in the 
land of Egypt , and that the Lord thy God brought thee 
out thence through a mighty hand and a stretched out 
armt " therefore the Lord thy God commanded thee to keep 
the sabbath day," (Deuteronomy 5:15) 

The deliverance from Egyptian bondage and the real- 
ization that it was the Lord God that sanctified them 
were figures of the true release from the bondage of 
sin and our sanctification to God through the Holy 
Spirit , wherein we cease from our own works of self in- 
terest and selfishness to become the children of God in 
reality, and therefore heirs of all His promises both 
present and future. "Come unto me, all ye that labour 
and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest. Take my 
yoke upon you, and learn of me; for I am meek and lowly 
in heart; and ye shall find rest unto your souls. For 
my yoke is easy, and my burden is light." — -D.F.W. 

(To be concluded next issue) 
Reprints of this article and its conclusion, The Lord y s 


Day , are available in pamphlet form, Write to The 
Pilgrim or Daniel F. Wolf, 3561 McDonald Ave., Modesto, 
California 95351 


As we are growing older , and knowing full well our 
journey through life upon this earth can come to a 
close at any time, we are so thankful that God has 
placed beacon lights along the way, that all those who 
trust in the Lord may take courage. We realize more 
clearly that instead of entering the place of darkness 
and eternal night, the beacon lights along the way all 
point to the dazzling light of eternity ahead for all 
the faithful souls of God. 

Every promise of God fulfilled even in this life 
adds to the joy of service] adds to the hope of joys 
to come. The first promise came soon after the first 
sin: "It shall bruise thy head, and thou shall bruise 
his heel." (Genesis 3:15) This conflict between man 
and the serpent continues on, as also between God and 
Satan the great red dragon, and points to the time when 
Satan is cast out of heaven. (Revelation 12:9) He is 
cast into the Lake of fire. (Revelation 20:10) He is 
destroyed. (Hebrews 2:14) It is a joy to know a beacon 
light of promise to read of the New Jerusalem: "And 
there shall in no wise enter into it anything that de- 
fileth, neither whatsoever worketh abomination, or 
maketh a lie: but they which are written in the. Lamb's 
book of life." (Revelation 21:27) 

Way back before the flood Enoch so walked with God 
"that he was translated." (Hebrews 11:5) He prophesied 
of the coming of the Lord, saying: "Behold, the Lord 
cometh with ten thousands of his saints." (Jude 14) A 
beacon light shining from the seventh from Adam! 

The wonders of God in creation, the great flood of 
the deluge covering the earth, the account of the great 
wickedness upon the earth, that Jesus says a like sin- 
ful condition will prevail before His coming to earth 


so dreadful to behold in our day is also a beacon light 
pointing to the coming day of deliverance from all evil. 
We see down along earth's history t he grea t cloud of 
witnesses illuminating the hearts of all true believers, 
even as the starry heavens all give light in darkest 
night , 

These great and true witnesses of God begin to speak 
and leave on record the words of truth* Moses says: . 
"The Lord thy God will raise up unto thee a Prophet 
from the midst of thee, of thy brethren, like unto me; 
unto him ye shall hearken. 11 (Deuteronomy 18:15) Thus 
he points to the beacon light of the ages, the bright 
and morning star. (Revelation 22:16) Job says: "I 
know that my redeemer liveth." (Job 19:25) David says: 
rt I shall be satisfied, when I awake, with thy likeness," 
(Psalm 17:15) Nebuchadnezzar says, "Now I Nebuchad- 
nezzar praise and extol and honour the King of heaven." 

(Daniel 4:37) 

All these beacon lights have their place to help 
light the way and give courage to the out-going ones 
who have lived to love the Lord, the God of all ages. 

But when Jesus came: "The true light now shineth." 
(John 2:5) The Sun of righteousness has now arisen 
with healing in His wings. (Malachi 4:2) 

So He gives us more courage than all the beacon 
lights we have seen before , for among all the great and 
glorious promises of God, we are thrilled to read His 
great declaration* Jesus says, "I am the resurrection 
and the life: he that believeth in me, though he were 
dead, yet shall he live: And whosoever liveth and be- 
lieveth, in me shall never die." (John 11:26-27) M But 
is now made manifest by the appearing of our Saviour 
Jesus Christ, who hath abolished death, and hath brought 
life and immortality to light through the gospel." 
(II Timothy 1:10) 

The way of death by tempest riven 
The way of life, the gate to heaven; 
We can launch out into the deep 
We need have no fear for God is near, 

—J. I. Cover 



Beacons but stay for soon the day, 

Dark night soon past; daylight at last. 

For coming on with rosy dawn, 

Soon skies may rend, nearing the end. 

Throughout the night, the cheering sight,. 
Your pointing way to glorious day, 

Your rays of cheer of closing year, 
To be on hand and understand. 

Look up, look up for there is hope, 

In future day not far away; 
Soon skies may rend, and our dear friend 

May soon appear, may soon be here. 

happy break, when saints awake 
To see the light where is no night; 

The righteous cheer when saints appear, 
All changed to glow and upward go. 

As angels sing to music T s ring, 

Acclaim the name of Him once slain; 

Then meeting fair those in the air 
With one accord to praise the Lord. 

This rapturous sight, this glorious light, 
This great acclaim to Jesus 1 name; 

May I but see and happy be, 
Forevermore on shining shore. 

— J. I. Cover 

Sonora, California 

Next month 1 s question: 

Luke 6:30 says "Give to every man that asketh of 
thee; and of him that taketh away thy goods ask them 
not'" again." How do these words of Jesus apply to us 

Send your comments on this question or send a ques- 
tion of your own to The Pilgrim, 




In Matthew 18:5 (compare also Mark 9*3?) Jesus says: 
"And whoso shall receive one such little child in my 
name receiveth me." How can we do this? 

Answer: - Little. Children 

Jesus said in Matthew 18: 5 1 "And whoso shall re- 
ceive one such little child in my name receiveth me," 
Also see Mark 9:37. I will attempt to answer the 
question in the August and September issue of The 
Pilgrim : how can we do this? with, in the first verse of Matthew 18, 
Jesus l disciples had asked Him, Who is the greatest 
in the kingdom of heaven?" Surely His answer must have 
been a surprise to them, for He called a little child 
unto Him, and set him in the midst of them and said, 
"Verily I say unto you, except ye be converted, and 
become'as little children, ye shall not enter into the 
kingdom of heaven. Whosoever therefore shall humble 
himself as this little child, the same is greatest in 
the kingdom of heaven." (Matthew 18:1-4.) And now we 
come to the verse that concerns. us. How can we receive, 
a little child in the name of Jesus? I don't wish to 
make anything out of this other than what Jesus meant 
for us to understand.. 

Jesus answered their question about who was the 
greatest in the kingdom of heaven, and He told them 
that whoso shall receive one such little child in my 
name receiveth me, I believe certainly to do this 
would require that -we accept the teaching of Jesus 
about little children, and be most careful to treat 
them with kindness, helpfulness, and, above all, love. 
For the following verse gives a .warning: "But whoso, 
shall offend one of these little ones which believe in 
me, it were better for him that a millstone were hanged 
about his neck, and that he were drowned in the depth 
of the sea." Jesus surely is teaching us that little 
children are very important and precious in the sight 


of their heavenly Father for He says further in verse 
10, "Take heed that ye despise not one of these little 
ones; for I say unto you, that in heaven their angels 
do always behold the face of my Father which is in 

I believe we must conclude that to receive a little 
child in Jesus 1 name must be the opposite of offending 
them, God forbid that we should ever offend the little 
children but rather receive them in the name of Jesus, 
and thus we will be receiving Jesus and also the Father 
who sent Him, (Mark 9:37) To receive a child in Jesus 1 
name is to accept them, and all of Jesus' teaching about 
them and to show them love, patience and kindness. 
While it is true that children need correction from time 
to time, it is also a fact that they need to be taught 
and shown the truth and the right way. 

In Ephesians 6:4 Paul says, "And ye fathers, provoke 
not your children to wrath; but bring them up in the 
nurture and admonition of the Lord," What a responsi- 
bility parents have to raise their children in the fear 
and love of God. Often people don T t think they have 
time for children, but let us hear what Jesus further 
said when parents brought their little children to Him 
that He should put His hands on them and pray. And the 
disciples rebuked them, but Jesus said, "Suffer little 
children, and forbid them not, to come unto me: for of 
such is the kingdom of heaven." (Matthew 19:14) If 
Jesus could find time to bless little children in His 
busy days, surely we can do this too. It is most impor- 
tant. I remember often as a child, how good it made me 
feel when adults would take the time to talk to me, 
shake my hand or even kiss me and ask some question to 
show their interest and even answer some question that 
I might ask. We have the obligation to give children 
encouragement and always be honest and a good example 
to them and to teach them the truth and to receive them 
in the name of Jesus, and thus we will be receiving our 
Saviour, too. 

— Joseph L. Cover 
Sonera, California 



u Unto thee j God, -do we give thanks, unto thee do 
we give thanks: for that thy name is near thy wondrous 
works declare. 11 (Psalms 75:1) 

Truly, we as a group of believers have been blessed 
with material abundance. Never before has a nation 
reached a time of such prosperity and luxury. And we 
have bean carried right along on this tide of material- 
ism. Without a doubt 5 it has affected our outlook on 
life. We have become so used to plenty that it is hard 
to imagine not having enough" and to spare. 

This time of such great prosperity appears. to be 
coming to a close. As raw materials become scarce and 
the power sources dwindle, prices soar and ordinary 
folks must tighten their belts a little. Perhaps it 
would be wise if we could voluntarily condition our- 
selves to these coming changes and try to adapt grad- 
ually before it is more drastically forced upon us. 

As we see the material wealth threatened, it should 
only cause us to realize more how gracious and good 
God is. He has suffered long with an ungrateful nation. 
True, we have a day set aside fey our country as a 
national day of thanksgiving. But how about the other 
364 days of the year? It seems that each decade finds 
America more indifferent, deeper in crime, more disre- 
garding of the Lord 1 s Day, more dependent upon enter- 
tainment, Is it any wonder that God would decide to 
withdraw material blessings from an unthankful nation. 

Christians are supposed to be thankful people. I r m 
sure there are many who really do appreciate God's 
goodness and blessings. Our thankfulness should go 
beyong the abundance of our possessions* If these 
should all be withdrawn, we still, have much to fee 
thankful for. Paul writes, (I Thessalonians 5:18) 
"In every thing give thanks: for this is the will of 
God in Christ Jesus concerning you J 1 The great majority 
of blessings of the Christian are the blessings of sal- 
vation. Those who realized this most keenly were likely 
those who had the least in this life's goods. 


Material possessions will come and go for each one. 
Only the amount and the duration is different. Some- 
day we will lay it all aside. But when possessions have 
all gone or lost their importance to us we will still 
have the Saviour, He and His great love abide forever. 
Truly we should set our affections on things above, not 
on things on the earth. Most thankful should we be that 
u thy name is near. 1 ' "For there is none other name under 
heaven given among men whereby we must be saved. » This 
is the name of Jesus Christ of Nazareth. (Acts 4:10,12) 
Psalms 73:25 says, "Whom have I in heaven but thee? and 
there is none upon earth that I desire beside thee." 
"Hallelujah, what a Saviour I" — L.C. 


Faith is a dependence on the veracity of another; 
firm belief or trust in a person, thing, doctrine, or 
statement. And one is said to keep faith when he per- 
forms a promise made to another. 

I, Historical faith is a belief in the truthfulness 
and accuracy of the Scriptural narrative and teachings. 
(James 2:17,24) 

II. Saving faith is the acceptance by the intellect, 
affection, and will of God r s favour extended to man 
through Jesus Christ* This faith produces a sincere 
obedience in the life and conversation. The firm foun- 
dation of faith is the essential supreme perfection of 
God; His unerring knowledge, immutable truth, infinite 
goodness, and almighty power. 

By this faith we are said to be justified. (Romans 
5:1) Mot formally, as if it were our righteousness 
before God. It is called the faith through which we 
are saved. (Ephesians 2:8) Faith is, as it were, a con- 
dition on our part whereby we come to be partakers of 
the blessings of the new covenant, It is a faith work- 
eth by love. (Galatians 5:6) It is not an idle, in- 
active grace, but shows itself by producing in us love 
to God and our neighbour* 

— From Cruden's Concordance. Selected by Guy Hootman 




(With this issue we begin a series of articles on 
Brethren history published in The Pilgrim in 1957. We 
may not follow the original series exactly, but we be- 
lieve a study of this period of the history of our own. 
church will be interesting and profitable, This first 
article is a reprint of the first chapter of M, B. 
Brumbaugh's History of the Brethren , 1899* It will be 
in two installments beginning here and concluded next 
issue, — L.C.) 


From the days of the Luther Reformation Germany be- 
came the center of religious agitation. After a thou- 
sand years of unchecked control the Catholic Church 
found in the spirit of Protestantism a worthy rival. 
This influence may, indeed , be traced to the eleventh 
century and to the bold, defiant, scholastic leader, 
Peter Abelard of Paris, pupil of the celebrated William 
of Champeaux. It was Abelard 1 s defence of human reason 
as opposed to church dogma that led to the creation of 
European Universities and the development of Scholasti- 
cism, From this sprang the Luther Reformation and the 
scholarly isolation of Erasmus.. 

These men agreed in one essential principle — religion 
mast be an appeal to the individual human reason. In 
due course of time this principle led to a general up- 
heaval of religious organizations. The supremacy of the 
Catholic church in Germany was gone; and, as the monks 
declared, "Luther hatched the egg that Erasmus had laid." 

When Germany found itself disenthralled, all sorts 
of religious organizations began to appear. From the 
unyielding creed of Catholicism to the utter abrogation 
of all creeds and all organization, the whole gamut of 
doctrine ran its unchecked way. Each faction became 
intolerant of all others and persecution, plunder, and 
war followed in swift succession to compel all dissent- 
ers to the acceptance of now this, and now another form 


of worship. The outcome of all this was the fateful 
thirty years 1 war (1618-1648), which involved all con- 
tinental Europe. 

The valley of the Rhine became the theatre of war, 
and the pious Germans suffered the horrors of continual 
persecution, rapine, and murder. The Treaty of West- 
phalia (1648), sometimes called the treaty of Munster, 
ended the bloody struggle and leagued the Catholic, 
Lutheran, and Reformed Churches into a new persecuting 
force. Other wars, notably the wars of Frederick the 
Great, lasting from 1620 to 1688, followed by the French 
wars, made the Rhine country from 1618 to 1748, a con- 
tinuous field of carnage. This experience of genera- 
tions made these Germans a war-weary and war-hating 

The three state churches denied all others the right 
to exist in the German Empire. Whoever found his reli- 
gious convictions running counter to these; whose faith 
was of a different sort; who interpreted his Bible in 
another sense; who worshiped God in his own way; found 
life a burden and a cross. Church and State vied in 
their zeal to persecute dissenters. The harmless Men- 
nonites, the God-fearing Schwahkf elders, the Pietists, 
and the Mystics were alike reviled, persecuted, and re- 
garded as fit subjects for insane asylums or prisons. 
What happened to these in the closing years of the sev- 
enteenth century became also the fate of the Taufers 
(Tunkers) in the opening third of the eighteenth century. 

These people were the most ardent product of the 
Reformation. They did not stop on middle ground with 
Luther, Calvin, and Zwingli. They carried the spirit of 
protestation to the acceptance of the maxim: "No exer- 
cise of force in religion.' 1 This was fundamental in the 
belief and practice of the Taufers or German Baptist 
Church, From this they were led logically to define 
conclusions at variance with the state churches, — con- 
clusions for which they suffered all forms of irreli- 
gious persecutions, but which they heroically wrought 
into a new and unique body of truth. Let us see what 
this principle of non-coercion gave the church. 


(1) To compel anyone to join the church of Christ is 
an exercise of force. Children are compelled, with no 
show of reason or desire on their part, to join the 
church. Hence infant baptism is at variance with their 
faith. (2) To compel by law an individual to take an 
oath is not only contrary to the teaching of Jesus, but 
it is a violation of the sacred rights of a people whose 
religious tenets decry all force. Hence the church is 
at the outset logically opposed to taking the oath. 

(3) War is a violent interference of the rights of 
others. It imposes unwilling burdens upon people. It 
is, therefore, wrong, and the church at the outset is 
logically opposed to war. (4)- The injunction of Christ 
is one thing, the power of prince or ecclesiastic is 
another. The might of the state has no right to inter- 
fere with the religious belief of the individual. Hence 
at the outset the church logically opposed state reli- 
gions, sustained freedom of conscience, and exalted al- 
legience to God above allegiance to rulers. . . 

Bullinger, their great reviler, says they taught 
"that the government shall and may not assume control 
of questions of religion or faith." 

(Concluded next month) 


Praise ye the Lord, all ye moorlands and mountains, 
Praise Him alone, all ye evergreen hills; 
Glory to God, shout the bright-flowing fountains, 
Till all the earth with your melody fills; 

Woodlands and meadow flowers — 

Joy of the summer hours — 
Join with the winds in their anthems of praise. 

Sprays of the waterfall, 

Chant ye a coronal 
Here at the feet of the Ancient of Days. . 

Praise ye the Lord, all ye winds 'of the. corners, 

Up from the glen peal the notes of your song; 

Praise Him who cheereth the hearts of earth 1 s mourners: 


Sing to the Lord, in His praise be ye strong: 

Praise Him each bounding wave — 

Desert and cliff and cave, 
Rock and ravine where the shadows are dim; 

Wake from your silentness, 

Sing to the wilderness, 
Praise ye the Lord, pay your homage to Him. 

Sing to the Lord, all ye kindred and nations, 
Tribes and dominions that people the world; 
Where'er the sun sheds his glowing carnations, 
There let your standards of praise be unfurled; 
. Shout till the bending sky 

Ringing, shall send reply, 
Back from the farthermost wandering star; 

Shout till your songs of love 

Peal through the air above, 
Bearing your song to the mountains afar. 

Author unknown 

There f s nothing ever can compare 
With Peace we can have on earth, 
Until the crown of Life we wear 
We will never know its worth. 

So I give head, heart and voice 
To Thee, Lord, I give my all, 
So that I may e'er rejoice 
When my Lord for me doth call. 

Take, oh take me; take my will 
That I may follow onward still; 
Follow, follow ever near, 
Through valley or rugged hill. 

Onward, onward, let me move, 
Closer, closer Lord, to Tlhee. 
Thou who bled and died for me, 
Let me live and die for Thee. 

— Rhoda M. Sollenberger 



The Lord warned Noah that He would bring a flood of 
water upon the earth and told him to build a huge boat 
called an ark. I suppose that when Noah f s neighbors 
saw him building this large boat on dry land they 
thought he was crazy. Peter says that Noah was a preach- 
er of righteousness, so surely he must have told them 
how God would destroy the people on the earth by water 
because of their wickedness, but they wouldn f s believe 
Noah. They were so satisfied to live in the pleasure 
of sin that they didn f t want to believe the truth. 
People haven ! t changed much, have they? They just don*t 
want to believe the truth because it would cause them to 
give up their foolish sins. 

The day came when God told Noah to get his family and 
all of the animals in the ark because in seven more days 
it would rain for 40 days and 40 nights. Noah obeyed 
God, and all of Noah f s family: his wife, his three sons 
and their wives went into the ark. The animals and 
birds according to how God cammanded, were all aboard* 
Their food and clothes — everything they needed was in 
the ark. And the Lord closed the door and shut them in. 

After Noah was 600 years old in the second month and 
the l?th day of the month, the rain began to come. The 
Bible says that the fountains of the deep were broken 
up and the windows of heaven were opened. And it rain- 
ed 40 days and 40 nights. Water came from out of the 
earth and out of the sky* Never, since God created man, 
had their been so much water. Everything living that had 
breath was destroyed. But Noah and his family and the 
animals in the ark were safe. It floated on top of the 
water, and the water got deeper and deeper until the 
mountains were covered with water everywhere. 

Noah*s preaching about a great flood had come true. 
God's word is sure. He does exactly as He says. Today 
is the day of salvation. We should believe God's word 
and do what He tells us while we have time. 

— Rudy Cover 


VOL. 20 DECEMBER, 1973 MO. 12 

"Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain 
from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul." 1 Peter 2: 1 1 


It was like God to give His Son that way, 
In human form, a Baby in the hay; 
And like the Son, though very God indeed, 
To come as Heaven's answer to our need. 

It was like God, while earth was wrapped in sleep; 
To grant the shepherds as they watched their sheep 
The right to glimpse that bright angelic throng 
And hear the strains, of Heavens Glory Song* 

It was like God to give a star as sign 
To light the magi to the manger shrine; 
And like the Son to make His cross the place 
Uniting some of every time and race. 

It was like God; redemption was His plan. 

He gave His Son before the world began. 

Oh, matchless tale with priceless truth impearledt 

It was like God — 

M For God so loved the world. 11 

Selected from 
The Vindicator 

"THE! FMLGRIM is a religious magazine published in the interests of the 
members of the Old Brethren Church. Subscription rate: $2.00 per year. Sample copies sent free 
on request. Publishing Editor: Leslie Cover; Consulting Editor: Daniel F. Wolf. 


Perhaps we can safely say that no birth of any great 
man has ever been celebrated so much by so many as the 
birth of our Lord Jesus Christ. While we are not told 
to celebrate this event and are uncertain about the 
date j still it gives us great joy to know that it hap- 
pened — that God really did send His Son into the world 
to be Immanuel — God with us. Though the world has 
turned the celebration of this event into a commercial 
carnival, still Christian people can remember it as the 
greatest birth of all time* — when the Word was made flesh 
and dwelt among us. 

The importance of this birth is shown by the events 
that attended it. Angels visited both Mary and Joseph. 
The forerunner John leaped in the womb of his mother at 
the sound of the voice of Mary. Angels announced Jesus* 
birth to the Bethlehem shepherds, Wise men from the 
east followed the special star that led them to where 
Jesus was. The Holy Ghost revealed to prophets cen- 
turies before and also to Anna and Simeon that this was 
indeed the advent of the mighty Redeemer. 

Besides these signs of power and greatness, there 
were also some omens of the coming clash with the powers 
of darkness. Perhaps Satan was somewhat baffled and 
f mast rated by the moves God made to raise fallen man. 
But he reacted with all the wrath and ouaning his evil, 
rebellious mind was capable of. 

First, it was a cool reception that the world gave 
this baby Prince of Peace. His mother must make the 
tiresome journey from Nazareth to Bethlehem simply to 
satisfy the demands of the Roman Emperor for tax money. 
But this fulfilled the purpose of God that Christ should 
come out of Bethlehem. The town was so crowded that 
the Son of God had to be born in a stable and laid in 
a manger. But here again God's purposes were served by 
Jesus ' lowly birth—that none need imagine that an 


humble birth would keep anyone away from God's favor. 

Then the Satanic power must have thought the Baby 
would be destroyed for sure when through Herod's jealous 
rage he ordered all babies in the Bethlehem area under 
two years to be slain. But the angels were still on 
guard, and the important little family slipped away to 
Egypt until the death of Herod, Thus were still more 
prophecies fulfilled: "Out of Egypt have I called my 
son," (Hosea 11:1) r, In Rama was there a voice heard, 
lamentation, and weeping, and great mourning, Rachel 
weeping for her children, and would not be comforted, 
because they are not," (Jeremiah 31:15) 

Thus was the coming battle laid out. Satan would re- 
sist every step taken to bring about man's salvation and 
Jed's glory, 

Simeon's prophecy tells this so well. He told Mary 
and Joseph first of the salvation to come: "Lord, now 
lettest thou thy servant depart in peace, according to 
thy word: For mine eyes have seen thy salvation, Which 
thou hast prepared before the face of all people ; A 
light to lighten the Gentiles, and the glory of thy peo- 
ple Israel." Then when they marvelled, he gave them 
this warning, speaking directly to Mary: "Behold, this 
child is set for the fall and rising again of many in 
Israel; and for a sign which shall be spoken against] 
(Yea, a sword shall pierce through thy own soul also,) 
that the thoughts of many hearts may be revealed." (Luke 

How time time has proven all this I Jesus came into 
the world to bring the great light of God's love and 
salvation. The powers of darkness resisted all the way 
but could not snuff it out. "And the light shineth in 
darkness; and the darkness comprehended it not." (John 
1:5) The sword did pierce through the heart of Mary 
when she saw her Son— the special one — hanging on the 
cross making atonement for the sins of the world. He 
became a sign spoken against tihat the thoughts of many 
hearts may be revealed. This same resistance and re- 
vealing is still going on today. Are you going to be 
on the side of the powers of darkness that shrink before 
the light. Or are we going to let in the light which 


came to Bethlehem and grew to the brightness of Calvary 
and the Resurrection. 

As we think of the Baby, let us remember the battle- 
field- We are in it today* There is victory ahead but 
not without wounds, scars, labor and sorrow. The vic- 
tory is sure but the enemy must be overcome in each 
life, "But thanks be to God, which giveth us the vic- 
tory through our Lord Jesus Christ*" (I Corinthians 
15*57) — L.C. 


"For to be carnally minded is death; but to be spir- 
itually minded is life and peace." (Romans 8:6) 

From this Scripture we can see that it is imperative 
for us to be spiritually minded, for if we aren ! t, the 
Scripture says the result will be death. 

To be spiritually minded would mean that the things 
pertaining to our spiritual welfare would be uppermost, 
the controlling interest in our lives. In this condi- 
tion, the carnal or fleshly desires would be in a sec- 
ondary position. Thus our actions in daily life should 
(and will) show what is uppermost in our life: the 
things of the flesh or the things of the spirit. 

We as professed followers of Christ all claim to be 
spiritually minded, but how is it with us, brethren? 
Does our daily walk show that our chief interest is in 
the things of the Lord? Are we more interested in 
reading and meditating on God 1 s Word, or in reading the 
newspapers, magazines, etc, or even listening to the 
radio? Which of these really occupies the biggest 
share of our time? 

I know that in my experience it is more difficult to 
retain good than it is to retain evil. I can read the 
Word and unless I put forth considerable effort to re- 
member, it will soon be out of my mind. But just let 
me read or hear something foolish or evil and seemingly 
without the least effort it will surface in my mind 
time after time. This I am certain is the influence 
of Satan. The Scripture teaches us that we should not 


be ignorant of his devices or he will get an advantage 
of us. Seeing that we can recognize this, should we 
not make a strong and continual effort to read and hear 
less of that which is carnal and worthless? 

Another Scripture says, M A good man out of the good 
treasure of his heart bringeth forth that which is goodj 
and an evil man out of the evil treasure of his heart 
bringeth forth that which is evil: for of the abundance 
of the heart his mouth speaketh ." (Luke 6:45) 

If we want to bring forth good out of our heart, then 
we will first (and continually) have to fill it with the 
same. None of us would be so foolish as to think that 
we could place garbage in a container and later take 
out good food* Surely we should be able to realize that 
if we want to be able to think upon, and speak of, and 
show forth in our life the good things, then we cannot 
be continually filling it with trash. Surely the vast 
majority of what most newspapers and magazines, and the 
radio etc. present would come under this heading! 

I fear that we are too often very slack in reading 
and studying God's Word. It is so easy to think "I'm 
too busy this morning, I can do it this evening" or 
"1*111 too tired this evening so will do it later." I . 
have often heard it said "Procrastination is the thief 
of time." If we aren't pretty careful, this will be 
the thief of our home in Heaven. How sad it would be 
to find ourselves in everlasting punishment because we 
put off till tomorrow the duties of today. 

The story of Joseph in the Old Testament well illus- 
trates one of the best ways to overcome temptation, 
which is to get completely away from the cause of it. 
If we are tempted to spend too much precious time read- 
ing worthless publications or listening to the radio, 
or even television (and who isn't if these things are 
handy?), then why not refuse to even allow them to come 
into our homes? 

Now even if you feel that you can have these things 
in your home and not misuse them, how about your chil- 
dren? Are you sure that these things will not lead 
them step by step closer to the world? Many of the 
worldly churches were once plain people. They got 


where they are today a step at a time, a little here 
and a little there. It could happen to us, brethren. 
With the help of the Lord we can prevent it. We will 
have to do our part, though. Heaven will contain peo- 
ple who lived as close to the Lord as they were able, 
not those who just did what they thought they had to. 
It will be well worth all we can do to hear, "Come 
ye blessed of my Father, inherit the kingdom prepared 
for you from the foundation of the world." 

With love and concern for the church, 

James Beery 
"Nappanee, Indiana 


The Lord's Day is the eighth day after the beginning 
of creation, or the first day of a new week after the 
creation was finished. 

God's ordinances concerning the eighth day, like 
those of the seventh, have an important significance in 
both the Old and New Testament history of the people of 

There were seven days in the creative week, which 
seems to be a complete unit or measure of time. There 
were six "work" or creative days, and the seventh was a 
rest or memorial of what had been done. Therefore the 
seventh day signifies an ending or completion of the 
work of creation* 

"Thus the heavens and the earth were finished, 
and all the host of them. And on the seventh day 
God ended his work which he had made; and he 
rested on the seventh day from all his work which 
he had made. And God blessed the seventh day, 
and sanctified it: because that in it he had 
rested from all his work which God created and 
made." (Genesis 2:1) 

There is no mention in this place in the divine re- 
cord of any eighth day, or what God did the next day 
after the seventh. Certainly He did not resume or 


continue the work which Ke had been doing before the 
seventh day because it was completed, as said in Hebrews 
k y "the works were finished from the foundation of the 
world J' 

In a sense , then, there are only seven days. All 
subsequent time, after the creative week, has been a 
repetition of the weekly cycle. And the nezt day after 
the seventh (the eighth day) is in reality the first 
day of a new week, and signifies a. new beginning. Much 
of the times which God appointed to His people under 
the Old Covenant were measured to them by sevens or 
weekly cycles* 

Therefore as the seventh day was a memorial of the 
completion of this present world and the Adamic race, 
so the eighth or first day seems to signify the begin- 
ning of the new race which is created in Christ Jesus 
by the Spirit; and not in Adam after the flesh, 

It seems very significant that there Is no mention 
of an "eighth day until God called Abraham to separate 
himself from his own kindred and promised him a son, 
and commanded that he should be circumcised the eighth 
day. It is plainly stated in the scriptures that this 
circumcision was to be a "sign 11 of the covenant which 
God made with Abraham, which was a spiritual relation- 
ship that would supercede any relationship according 
to the flesh. 

Thus, in Galatians 4:28 it is said that Isaac was a 
son of promise, and was not born after the flesh but 
after the Spirit (verse 29), For, though God 1 3 redemp- 
tive purpose that the seed of the woman should bruise 
the serpent's head was announced in Eden at the time of 
the fall, the procees by which it was to be accomplished 
did not actually begin until God called Abraham and 
promised him a son through whom all the nations of the 
earth should be blessed* And inasmuch as Isaac's birth 
was not according to nature but according to promise, 
and therefore a pattern of $ and a means whereby, the 
new spiritual race of the people of God would be called, 
it was commanded that he should be circumcised the 
eighth day as a sign of the beginning of a new creation 
whose relationship to God would be spiritual and not 


carnal — even as the covenant, of which it was a sign, 
was a spiritual relationship between God and Abraham* 

This redemptive program and new creation, of which 
Christ is the head, has come into being since the fall 
in Eden, and was not a part of the "work" of the crea- 
tive week. Therefore its sign is the eighth day or the 
beginning of a new era. 

No doubt it was intended that Adam 1 s posterity should 
be the children of God and heirs of His promises in 
Christ Jesus. But since by transgression he forfeited 
his right to the inheritance it was lost to all his 
posterity, and it was necessary that there should be a 
new generation and relationship between God and man in 
order to inherit the promises. And this new relation- 
ship must be in Jesus Christ and not Adam. "For as in 
Adam all die, even so in Christ shall all be made alive 
. . . and so it is written, The first man Adam was made 
a living soul; the last Adam was made a quickening 
spirit. The first man is of the earth, earthy: the 
second man is the Lord from heaven." 

The feast of weeks or Pentecost, as we know it haw, 
was typical of this era of the new creation in Christ 
Jesus, and, significantly, this feast was appointed to 
be kept on the "morrow* 1 after the seven weeks were 
"out", which would be the eighth day or the first day 
of a new week, signifying the beginning of a new era. 

At this feast they were to bring the "new meat of- 
fering" (Leviticus 23? 16, 17) baken with leaven — clearly 
indicating a body with life and growth which we know . 
now is the church, the living body of Christ. Thus 
Acts 2 says, "When the day of Pentecost was fully 
come. . ." they received the baptism of the long pro- 
mised Spirit of God by which they were quickened and 
became the New Creation in Christ Jesus, or the new 
people of God. 

This could not be done until after the Old Covenant 
era was "out" or finished by Christ's sacrificial death 
on the cross when He said "It is finished. « And then 
on the "morrow" or first day of a new week, after their 
weeks were out, the blessed promised Spirit of God was 
poured out upon them. 


Jesus therefore died on the cross to atone for the 
sins of the Adamic race, and rested in the tomb on the 
sabbath day, then rose again on the first day of a new 
week as the Head of the new race of the Redeemed. 

Thus the resurrection of our Lord and the diffusion 
of the Holy Spirit upon His new people, both principle 
acts in the New Creation, occurred on the first day of 
the week. 

The memorial, then, of the New Creation (the Church) 
is the first day of the week, as the seventh day was a 
memorial of the Old Creation* And so we find the New 
Testament discipleship assembled on the evening of the 
very day in which Jesus rose from the dead and contin- 
uing from that time on to assemble on the first day of 
the week to memorialize His resurrection and conduct 
the business of their risen Lord. 

—Daniel F. Wolf 
Modesto, California 

Reprints of this article and last month 1 s The Old 
Testament Sabbath are available in pamphlet form, Write 
to 32E Pilgrim or Daniel F. Wolf, 3561 McDonald Ave., 
Modesto, California 95351 



Luke 6:30 says, "Give to every man that asketh of 
thee; and of him that taketh away thy goods ask them 
not again." How do these words of Jesus apply to us 


We received no answer to this question yet, but hope 
there will still be some comments coming. 

These words of Jesus have to do with our attitude 
toward others, our attitude toward our possessions, 
and how we react to injustice. He teaches us to be 
willing to give up our own possessions for the good of 
others. There is no room for stinginess and greed in 


the Christian life. We should also not be quick to 
demand our "rights". This is in harmony with "turning 
the other cheek" and "going the second mile, 11 A para- 
llel yerse is Matthew 5:42, "Give to him that asketh 
thee > and from him that would borrow of thee turn not 
thou away." I believe the spirit of these words is 
what is most important, but to put them to practice 
we must also realize a literal' application as well. 
What is most important with us, keeping our possessions 
or filling the need of another? In the same discourse 
the Saviour said, "Give, and it shall be given unto 
you; "good measure, pressed down, and shaken together, 
and running over, shall men give into your bosom. For 
with the same measure ye mete withal it shall be mea- 
sured to you again." (Luke 6:3&) — L,C. 

Next month's question: 

"Why baptizest thou then, if thou be not that Christ, 
nor Elias, neither that prophet?" (John 1:25) 

Submitted by Daniel F. Wolf 

You are invited to send your comments on this ques- 
tion or send a question of your own to The Pilgrim. 


Suppose that Christ had not been born 
That far away Judean morn. 

Suppose that God, Whose mighty hand 
Created worlds, had never planned 
A way for man to be redeemed. 
Suppose the wise men only dreamed 
That guiding star whose light still glows 
Down through the centuries* Suppose 
Christ never walked here in men's sight 
Our blessed Way, the Truth and Light. 


Suppose He counted all the cost, 

And never cared that we were lost, 

And never died for you and me, 

Nor shed His blood on Calvary 

Upon a shameful cross. Suppose 

That having died, He never rose, 

And there was none with power to save 

Our souls from death beyond the gravel 

As far as piteous heathen know 

These things that I've supposed are so. 

— Martha Snell Nicholson 
Selected by Miriam Hanson 


Lonely? No, not lonely 

With Jesus standing by; 
His presence always cheers me, 

I know that He is nigh. 

Friendless? No, not friendless 

Since Jesus is my friend; 
I change, but He remaineth 

True, faithful to the end. 

Saddened? No, not saddened 

By scenes of deepest woe; 
I should be if I knew not 

That Jesus loves me so. 

Tired? No, not tired; 

While leaning on His breast 
My soul has full enjoyment 

Of His eternal rest. 

— Charlotte S. C* Panton 
Selected by Marilyn Miller 


CRAWMER — A son, Andrew Marvin, born December 6 to Wayne 
and Linda Crawmer of Modesto, California. 



(concluded from November) 

Upon these God-fearing, conscientious people fell the 
full power of church and state. Their sufferings were 
awful. The flaming torch of persecution nightly lighted 
the valley of the Rhine for a hundred miles. The ag- 
onised prayers of burning saints were heard on every 
side. Sturdy, devout, God-strengthened men and women 
these, who heroically suffered and died for the religion 
they loved. There were no cowards in the procession 
that marched through the howling mobs to the stake. 

All these dissenters were called Anabaptists, In 
England they were called Quakers. These Anabaptists 
were broken into many sects, depending largely upon 
their interpretation of the Scriptures and their remove 
from Ecclesiasticism and civic control. The Taufers 
(Tunkers) were among the latest sects to arise. The 
leaders of this movement were already Protestant in 
faith and confession. They knew all the sects already- 
organized, but found in none the sum of doctrines their 
study of the Bible compelled them to believe. They cre- 
ated a new denomination because they found nowhere a 
body of believers fully living the Christ life. When 
they separated from prevailing creeds they were no doubt 
tempted to go the extreme of denying all organized func- 
tions. Had they done so they would have found them- 
selves a part of that great religion-in-life movement 
known as PIETISM, that swept the Palatine and drew into 
its ranks the most remarkable aggregation of religious 
zealots produced in modern times. 

... It may be well to consider briefly the Pietis- 
tic groups in Germany at this time. They were all dis- 
senters. They denied all creeds and opposed all congre- 
gational activity, teaching that religion is a life, 
and that it is shown only by the life of the individual, 
that all external forms and ceremonies are extraneous 
and useless, and even sinful. 

The only really accurate account of them is in Latin 


Gerard Croese was published in Amsterdam in 1696* It 
was, there fore , at the founding of the German Baptist 
Brethren at Schwarzenau in 170S a new and authentic work. 
It deals with the Quakers, their relation to the Pie- 
tists, and analyzes the Pietists into three distinct 

"Moreover there were in GERMANY, as it were, three 
sorts of Pietists: (l) One consists of those who sought, 
and pressed nothing else, but sincere Religion and true 
Piety: and the greatest part of these are of the Z 
learned and better sort of men through Saxony and all 

" Another sort of them cried that the church is much 
corrupted. They loved Piety; but they were such as on 
the other hand stagger not a little in the Faith and 
True Religion, and these some are commonly less moderate 
and more violent in celebrating their assemblies, etc. 

"The thrd sort of them may be called BEHMISTS or 
THJTONISTS. These call back, as it were, JACOB BEHMAN, 
the shoemaker of Garlingen in Silesia, from the dead. 
They advocated the opinions of Boehme (or Behman) and 
denounced the errors that had been falsely laid upon : 
him, and ascribed to him; yea, and horrid and hellish 
blasphemy, and exalted his opinions as worthy of all 
esteem and glory," 

The Anabaptists of Munster were an offshoot of the 
second and third classes as outlined by Croese. They 
were given to the wildest excesses. Their leaders were 
illiterate and fanatical* They at various times advo- 
cated such doctrines as the following: 

(a) Man can unquestionably earn salvation by virtuous 
conduct and by his own efforts. Christ is rather our 
father and teacher than our redeemer* 

(b) This was soon followed by the declaration of Hans 
Denk, "God is love,— love supremely exemplified in Jesus 
of Nazareth, Jesus never stumbled, never lost UNITY. 

He is the forerunner of all the saved, hence all must 
be saved by Jesus." 

(c) Ludwig Hatzer denied the divinity of Christ. 
His records were burned by Ambrosius Blawrer. 

(d) Hans Kautz of Bockenheim taught that Jesus is 


our Savior Inasmuch as He left footprints in which we 
may tread and attain unto salvation. Whoever taught 
more than this, he declared , made Jesus an idol. 

The followers of these men were poor people who re- 
jected all worship, lived in solitary places in groups 
and were called the Gardener Brethren. To them Christ 
was a teacher of Christian life but not the fulfiller 
of the law. Many of them were burned because they would 
not recant. If they did recant they were beheaded and 
their bodies were burned. A beautiful girl of sixteen 
refused to recant. The executioner took her to a place 
where horses were watered, drowned her and then burned 
her body. . . 

They differed greatly on conduct and practice. Some 
regarded infant baptism as useless; others, as an abom- 
ination. Some demanded a community of goods; others, 
the duty of mutual help; some segregated and held it 
unchristian to keep the Sabbath; others declared it cul- 
pable to follow after singularities. Some refused to 
take the oath or bear arms, holding the oath to be sin- 
ful and forbidden and the taking of life under any cir- 
cumstances sinful. This brought upon them the stem 
opposition of the state, especially in such cities as 
Strasburg where once a year tho citizens, the sole de- 
fence of the city, bound themselves by an oath of alle- 
giance on the annual swearing day. Still others were 
daft on the marriage question, like the tanner, Glaus 
Frei, who held that the only valid marriage was a mar- 
riage in the spirit. He left his lawful wife and trav- 
eled with another woman whom he called his "only spir- 
itual wedded sister. " 

They became intoxicated with license of speech and 
traversed Germany as wandering apostles, living a whith- 
erless and purposeless life. When they met they saluted 
with the words, "The peace of the Lord be with you," to 
which the answer was, "We have the same peace." Among 
these fanatics was the leader of the insurrection at 
Munster in 1534, Bernhard Rottman. He undertook to re- 
form the administration of the Holy Sacrament, 

"He broke white bread into a large wide dish; poured 
wine thereon; and, after he had spoken the words of the 


Lord at the Last Supper, he told those who desired the 
Sacrament to take and eat. Hence he was called STUTEN 
EERNHARD, for white bread is called stuten in their 
tongue . " 

Enough has been cited to prove that Pietism, as 
Gerard Croese, a contemporary, understood it had few of 
the elements that the founders of the church of the Ger- 
man Baptist Brethren accepted* The better element in 
the Pietistic movement, Croese f s first class, did have 
some of the doctrines of the Brethren, But they had al- 
so many things which Alexander Mack could not accept. 
Prominent among the Pietists who occupied a somewhat 
moderate ground were Philip Jacob Spener; Johann Hein- 
rich Horbius, his brother-in-law; Ernst Christoph Hoch- 
mann, who was an intimate friend of Alexander Mack; 
August Hermann Francke; Gottfried Arnold; Dr. Johann 
Jacob Fabricius of Helmstatt; Dr. J* W. Peterson, Jo- 
hanna von Merlau, the woman of ecstatic visions; Jeremias 
Felbinger, and many others. These dissenters were for 
the most part earnest, moderate, and devout without be- 
ing foolish. From them the founders of the German Bap- 
tist Brethren learned much, and their writings were cher- 
ished and republished frequently on the press of Saur at 
Germantown and the press of the Ephrata Society, It 
will be seen that the new congregation at Schwarzenau 
studied all denominations, knew all shades of faith, 
and then turned from Ecclesiasticism and Pietism alike 
to carve out a new and distinct order of faith and prac- 
tice. They were debtors to all, and followers of none. 

—History of the Brethren . 1899 

(Continued from page 15) 

God had cleansed the earth and now everything could 
start over again. God had remembered Noah because he 
was a righteous man, 

— Rudy Cover 


GOD REMEMBERS NOAH —Genesis 6*1-19 

Noah and his family with the animals and birds were 
safe in the big boat that he had built. There was water 
everywhere. After 40 days it stopped raining but the 
water remained above the highest mountains for 150 days t 
But the ark floated on the water. Then God remembered 
Noah and every living thing and caused a wind to pass 
over the earth to dry up the water. And the wind blew 
and blew. I just wonder how Noah and all the animals 
got along. When the wind blows hard it makes the water 
rough and a boat will rock around and go up and down 
and sometimes people get seasick. The Bible doesn't say 
that Noah had any trouble that way. 

At last the ark came to a stop* It had struck ground 
and rested on a high mountain called Ararat. Then after 
40 days more Noah opened the window of the ark and sent 
a raven out of it. A raven is a big black bird like a 
crow and can live on dead animals. It flew back and 
forth to the ark until the waters were dried enough for 
it to live on land. Noah also sent out a dove, but it 
couldn't find a dry place so returned to the ark and 
Noah took hold of her and pulled the dove back into the 
ark. Then he waited another 7 days and sent her out 
again. This time the dove returned with an olive leaf 
that she had picked off a tree so Noah knew the water 
was drying up. Once again Noah sent forth the dove, 
and this time she didn ! t return. 

When Noah was 601 years old, exactly a year accord- 
ing to our calendar from the time he entered the ark, 
he opened up the ark and looked out. The water was 
gone and the earth was dry, How good it seemed to Noah 
and his family to see the ground again. 

And God told Noah to go out from the ark and take 
his wife and his sons and their wives and let all the 
animals out. Can't you just see the animals going in 
every direction, running and jumping and feeling so 

(Continued on page 15)